Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Charles J. Carroll (b. 1769 - d. 1815)
MSA SC 5496-050642
War of 1812 Claimant, St. Mary's County, Maryland, 1828


    Charles John Carroll was born circa 1769 to Henry James Carroll and his wife Araminta Thompson in St. Mary's County, MD. Henry Carroll died in 1775, leaving his wife to raise their children alone. Araminta Carroll remarried to George Biscoe. Charles John Carroll married Jane W. Brown May 26, 1795. Carroll and his wife lived at the family home Susquehanna Point located at Cedar Point, St. Mary's County, MD.  The Carrolls were the parents of six children, Michael, Charles John, John Henry, George, and DeRosey (b. 1813).

    Charles Carroll owned a small slave labor force ranging from seven to twelve slaves. During the War of 1812, the British attacked the property of Marylanders, carrying off slaves and other valuables. The home of Charles Carroll came under attack and five slaves were carried off. Three of Carroll's slaves, Adam Barnes, Philip Jackson, and Sandy Lewis, were taken onboard the ship San Domingo commanded by Admiral Warren in 1814. Phillip and Sandy were taken from the state of Georgia. Carroll, along with John K. Jackson and Nicholas Sewell, went on board the San Domingo and were told that his negroes were on the ship. Two more of Carroll's slaves, Lewis and Beck Medley (husband and wife), were taken from his home, Susquehanna. The Medleys were taken to Halifax, Nova Scotia. Carroll and his family left St. Mary's County after the War of 1812 and settled in Prince George's County.

    Charles Carroll died February 25, 1815 at his residence in Prince George's County, due to complications with smallpox. Carroll's wife Jane died not long after him, and their children were left in the care of their grandmother, Araminta Carroll Biscoe. Since Carroll and his wife died suddenly, they left no will. In 1828, Carroll's son John Henry made a claim against the British for the slaves carried away from his property. Michael Carroll appointed D. A. Hall to attend to the claim of Charles J. Carroll. John K. Jackson, an associate of Carroll, gave a deposition stating that he accompanied Mr. Carroll on board the San Domingo to inquire about slaves. Jackson also said that he was well acquainted with the slaves that were carried away from the Carroll home.

Susquehanna, the Carroll family home, was dismantled in 1942 to make room for the new Naval Station. Henry Ford purchased the home from Samuel Davis Young and moved it to Dearborn, MI.

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