Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Lucy Johnson (b. circa ? - d. circa ?)
MSA SC 5496-3368
Fled from Slavery, Queen Anne's County, Maryland, 1855


Lucy Johnson fled from her enslavement on Richard Bennett Carmichael's farm, along with William Johnson, Maria Johnson, Robert Tilden, Charles Tilden, and Hester Tilden and her infant from Carmichael's farm in the Wye District. They were aided by Phoebe Myers, a free African American. The escape failed, and Myers was sent to the Maryland Penitentiary.1

The 1850 slave schedule for Richard Bennett Carmichael listed three male slaves (age twenty-four, fourteen, and ten), and four female slaves (ages twenty, eighteen, twelve, and nine).2 However, the slave schedules only recorded age, race, and sex, so the names are unknown.

1.     Miscellaneous Court Papers,  Queen Anne's Circuit Court  1855-1856 MSA #T3273

2.     U.S. Census Bureau (Census Record, MD) for R.B. Carmichael, 1850, Slaves, Queen Anne's County, District 5, Page 95, Line 36 [MSA SM61-170, SCM 1506-1].

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