Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

William H. Winder (1775-1824)
MSA SC 3520-14074


Born William Henry Winder, February 18, 1775, in Somerset County, Maryland. Son of Charlotte and William Winder, Jr. Nephew of John Winder and Levin Winder. Attended Washington Academy, Somerset County; University of Pennsylvania. Read law with Gabriel Duvall. Married Gertrude Polk, 1799. Died in Baltimore City, May 24, 1824.

Attorney, initially in Nashville, Tennessee. In practice in Baltimore by 1802. House of Delegates, Somerset County, 1798. Maryland Senate, Western Shore, 1816-1819, 1822-1824. Federalist. Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, 1812; Major General, 1813. Commanded U.S. forces at Battle of Bladensburg, August 24, 1814, where the British routed the Americans on their way to capturing Washington, D.C. Winder was court-martialed for his performance at the battle in 1815, but was cleared.

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