Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Samuel Hinks (1815-1887)
MSA SC 3520-12475


This essay is taken from Wilbur F. Coyle, The Mayors of Baltimore (Reprinted from The Baltimore Municipal Journal, 1919), 89-90.

Samuel Hinks was Mayor of Baltimore from November 13th, 1854, to November 10th, 1856.

During this administration an ordinance authorizing the erection of a new City Jail* was passed and the contract for the building was signed.  The waterworks, which supplied Baltimore, were acquired from the Baltimore Water Company and a Water Department was organized to operate the system as a municipal plant.  An ordinance passed during the latter part of this administration provided for taking water from several mill-dams on the Jones Falls and Stony Run, conducting this water to a reservoir and thus supplying the City.  Other legislation authorized the construction of a new Western Female High School, Fayette near Paca Street; two other school buildings and establishing a floating school for training youths for nautical pursuits.  Provision was made for placing iron bridges over Jones Falls at Pratt, at Gay and at Baltimore Streets, and for a new market house for Lexington Market from Paca to Greene Streets.  Legislation to open large portions of Hanover and Eager Streets was approved.  A Councilmanic resolution was passed requesting Congress to establish a Marine Hospital at Baltimore.  Agents representing the City in executing the McDonogh will were named and directors for the school (McDonogh) were appointed.  Authority to sell the City's interest in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was granted.  A resolution petitioning the Legislature against a bill then pending to erect the Long Bridge over the Patapsco River and Middle Branch was passed.  The bridge, however, was built and but recently razed, being replaced by the new Hanover Street structure.  The House of Refuge (Maryland School for Boys) on Frederick Road was opened.  One of Mayor Hinks' messages contained a proposal to sell Richmond and Cross Street Markets.

*This is the present Jail at Madison and Buren Streets, although the building may have, from time to time, been altered and undergone modifications.  It replaced a similar structure on the same site.

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Samuel Hinks was born in Ellicott City, May 1st, 1815.  In early life he followed the occupation of steam engineer.  Removing to Baltimore he entered the grain and flour commission business, later establishing a partnership with his brother, Charles Dent Hinks.  Samuel Hinks was elected Mayor by the "American Party" in 1854.  In 1860 he retired from the grain commission business and shortly thereafter was elected Water Registrar, which position he held until 1863.  He died November 30th, 1887.

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