Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Nannie Rider Jackson (1849-1930)
MSA SC 3520-2281
First Lady of Maryland, 1888-1892

Annie Frances "Nannie" Rider Jackson was born in Salisbury, Wicomico County, Maryland on August 10, 1849.  She was the daughter of Dr. William H. Rider and Margaret Anne Rider, both of distinguished families of Somerset County.  She attended a boarding school at Norristown, Pennsylvania before marrying Elihu Emory Jackson of Salisbury on November 24 or 25, 1869.1  In 1885 her husband built "The Oaks," a mansion in Salisbury that Mrs. Jackson transformed into a cultural and social center of the Eastern Shore. The couple resided there with their children, who included Nellie, Hugh, Everette, Richard, and Margaret.  In 1907, Mrs. Jackson was named by Governor Edwin Warfield one of five women to work with the Maryland Commission for the Jamestown Exposition.  She was a member of the Maryland Society, the Colonial Dames of America, the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution in Maryland, the Arundell Club, the Baltimore Country Club, and Trinity Southern Methodist Church in Salisbury.  She became First Lady of Maryland in January 1888 when her husband was inaugurated governor of Maryland.  As First Lady of Maryland, Mrs. Jackson hosted the many customary receptions at Government House as well as a debutante party in honor of her daughter Margarette. In May 1888, the Evening Capital implied that Mrs. Jackson overstepped her bounds as First Lady when it reported that she had engaged in "petticoat government;" that is, she was supposed to have influenced several appointments made by her husband during the 1888 legislative session.3  After the death of her husband, she resided at "Briarfield" in Baltimore County, and died there on July 11, 1930.4  Her estate included some Chinese porcelain now held by the Talbot County Historical Society in Easton, Maryland.  

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