Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

John Winder (1745-1822)
MSA SC 3520-1395

Born: on January 19, 1745, in Somerset County.
Native: fourth generation.
Resided: in Manokin Hundred, Somerset County, by 1783; Northampton County, Virginia, by 1794.

Family Background
Father: William Winder (1714/15-1792).
Mother: Esther Gillis (1724-by 1770).
Stepmother: by 1770, Mary (?-1799).
Aunt: Lean Gillis (1726-?), who married William Adams (?-1795).
Brothers: Levin Winder (1757-1819); William Winder, Jr. (?-1808); and possibly Thomas, who was lost at sea early in life.
Sisters: Jane; Leah (ca. 1760-?); Priscilla (ca. 1740-by 1779); and Esther (?-ca. 1790).
Niece: Esther Wilson (?-by 1792), who married William Morris (?-ca. 1799).
Nephew: Gen. William Henry (1775-1824).
Married: first, by 1770, Betty Jones.
Married: second, ca. 1782, Susanna (1755-1799), daughter of George Harmanson (?-ca. 1762) of Northampton County, Virginia, and wife Hannah. Her brother was John (?-1783), of Northampton County, Virginia. Her sisters were Elizabeth (Betsy), who married Caleb Teackle; and Mary.

Sons: Dr. William (1770-1796); Dr. Thomas Jones (1772-by 1816) of Somerset County, who married Harriet, daughter of Levin Handy of Somerset County; John H. (1782-?), who married Comfort, daughter of Thomas Gore of Accomack County, Virginia; Levin Y. (1783-?) of Somerset County; Dr. George H.; Nathaniel J. (?-1844), a county clerk of Northampton County, Virginia, in 1821, who married Sarah; and Dr. Samuel.
Daughter: Mary Harmonson (1785-1862).

Private Career
Education: literate.
Religious Affiliation: Anglican, Somerset Parish, Somerset County, 1773.
Social Status and Activities: Esq., 1816.
Occupational Profile: physician; manufactured salt, 1782.

Public Career
Legislative Service: 3rd Convention, Somerset County, 1774; Lower House, Somerset County, 1779-1780 (Grievances 2, 3; Claims 1-3), 1780-1781 (Public Taxes 2), 1781-1782 (Elections 2), 1783 (elected, but did not attend, resigned on December 1, 1783).
Local Offices: trustee of Washington Academy, Somerset County, 1779; commissioner of the tax for Somerset County, appointed January 1783, December 1783, and January 1785.
Stands on Public/Private Issues: subscriber to Washington College, Chestertown, 1783; subscriber to Washington Academy, 1818.

Wealth During Lifetime
Personal Property: assessed value £781.0.0, including 27 slaves and 20 oz. plate, 1783.
Land at First Election: ca. 441 acres in Somerset County (probably given to him by his father).
Significant Changes in Land Between First Election and Death: obtained ca. 600 acres in Northampton County, Virginia, from his second wife, 1783; inherited at least 350 acres in Somerset County from his father, 1792; deeded all of his land in Somerset County to his son, Thomas Jones Winder, 1798.

Wealth at Death
Died: between November 28 and December 9, 1822, in Northampton County, Virginia. Buried with his second wife, at "Yeardley," the Harmanson home in Northampton County, Virginia.
Land: ca. 600 acres in Northampton County, Virginia.

Source: Edward C. Papenfuse, et al., eds. A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789. Vol II. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985, p. 901-2

Return to John Winder's Introductory Page

This information resource of the Maryland State Archives is presented here for fair use in the public domain. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: Rights assessment for associated source material is the responsibility of the user.

Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!

[ Archives' Home Page  ||  All About Maryland  ||  Maryland Manual On-Line  ||  Reference & Research
||  Search the Archives   ||  Education & Outreach  ||  Archives of Maryland Online ]

Governor     General Assembly    Judiciary     Maryland.Gov

© Copyright Thursday, 23-Aug-2012 13:43:07 EDT Maryland State Archives