Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

James Tilghman (1743-1809)
MSA SC 3520-1265


BORN: on August 2, 1743, in Queen Anne's County; third son.

NATIVE: fourth generation.

RESIDED: in Queen Anne's County; Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, by January 1769-at least July 1775; Corsica District, Queen Anne's County, until death.

FATHER: Col. Richard Tilghman  (1705-1766) of Queen Anne's County, a justice of the Provincial Court from 1746 to 1766, son of Richard Tilghman (1672/73-1738/39).
MOTHER: Susanna (1718-?), daughter of Peregrine Frisby (1688-1739) and wife Elizabeth Sewall.
UNCLES: William Tilghman (1711-1782); Edward Tilghman (1713-1785); James Tilghman (1716-1793); and Matthew Tilghman (1717/18-1790).
AUNTS: Mary Tilghman (1702-ca. 1736), who married James Earle, Jr. (ca. 1694-1739); Henrietta Maria Tilghman (1707-1771), who married first, George Robins (1697-1742), and second, William Goldsborough (1709-1760); Anna Maria Tilghman (1709-1763), who married first, William Hemsley (1703-1736), and second, Robert Lloyd (ca. 1712-1770); and Anne Frisby (1727-1793), who married second, William Fitzhugh (ca. 1722-1798).
BROTHERS. Richard (1739-1810), who married Elizabeth (1748-1767), daughter of Edward Tilghman (1713-1785); Peregrine Tilghman (ca. 1741-1807); Edward; and William (ca. 1745-1800), who married first, Ann Kent, second, Anna Maria, daughter of Robert Lloyd (ca. 1712-1770),
and third, Eleanor Hall Rozer. SISTERS: Elizabeth (1749-1836), who married in 1771 William Cooke of Annapolis; Susanna (1751-?); and Anna Maria (1759-1834), who married Henry Pearce Ward of Cecil County.
FIRST COUSINS: Michael Earle (1722-1787); Richard Tilghman Earle (1728/29-1788); Anna Maria Earle (1725-1795), who married Thomas Ringgold (1715-1772); Henrietta Maria Earle (1730-1767), who married William Hemsley (1736/37-1812); Anna Maria Robins (1732-1806), who married Henry Hollyday (ca. 725-1789); Margaret Robins (1734-1808), who married William Hayward (?-1791); Henrietta Maria Robins (1736-1791), who married James Lloyd Chamberlaine (1732-1783); William Hemsley (1736/37-1812); Richard Tilghman, Jr. (1740-1809); Matthew Tilghman (1760-1801); James Tilghman, Jr. (ca. 1748-1796); William Tilghman (1756-1827); Anna Maria Tilghman (?-1817), who married William Hemsley (1736/37-1812); Elizabeth Tilghman, who married James Lloyd (ca. 1756-1830); Margaret Tilghman (1742-1817), who married Charles Carroll, Barrister (1723-1783); Elizabeth Rousby (?-1789), who married George Plater (1735-1792); William Fitzhugh, Jr. (1761-1839); and Henrietta Maria Lloyd (?-1822), who married William Hayward, Jr. (ca. 1758-1834).
MARRIED first, on January 19, 1767, Susanna (?-1774), daughter of Dr. George Steuart (1700-ca. 1784) and wife Ann Digges (1718-1814). Her brothers were George Hume; James; David (1750-1814); Charles; and William (1754-1838). Her sisters were Ann; Jane. Her first cousin was George Digges (ca. 1742-1792).
MARRIED second, on Feb ruary 7, 1778, Elizabeth, daughter of Kensey Johns (?-1763) of Anne Arundel County and wife Susanna Galloway (1723-1796). Her brothers were Richard (?-1806), who married Sarah, daughter of John Weems (1727-1794); John ?-probably 1822); and Kensey (1759-1848), chief justice of the Delaware Supreme Court, 1799-1830, and chancellor of Delaware, 1830-1832, who married in 1784 Ann, daughter of Gov. Nicholas Van Dyke of Delaware. Her sisters were Mary, who married Samuel Harrison; Susanna, who married Richard Harrison. Her first cousin was Richard Johns (1748-1796).
SONS: George (1771-1792); Frisby (1773-1847), who married first, in 1795, Anna Maria (1772-1817), daughter of Thomas Ringgold (1744-1776), and second, in 1819, Louisa Lamar; Samuel (1781-1782); John (1785-?), who married first, Anna Katherine Tilghman, and second. Ann Tilghman; Charles Carroll (1788-1861),  who married MaryLloyd Tilghman; and Peregrine (1790-1874), who married Harriet Haddaway.
DAUGHTERS: Susanna (1774-1849), who  married James Hollday (1758-1807); Anna Maria  (1779-?), who married Peregrine Blake; and Mary (1783-?), who married in 1801 Richard Tilghman Earle (1767-1843), son of Richard Tilghman Earle (1728/29-1788).


RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican, St. Paul's Parish, Queen Anne's County.

SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Esq., by 1776; Hon., by 1809.

OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: Lawyer, admitted to the following courts: Provincial Court, April 1765; Talbot County, June 1765; Frederick County, August 1765; Anne Arundel County, by August 1765; Court of Chancery, by 1771; judge; planter.

LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Conventions, Queen Anne's County, 4th, 1775, 5th, 1775, 6th-8th, 1775-1776; Senate, Eastern Shore, Term of 1776-1781: 1777 (declined to serve February 7, 1777); Lower House, Queen Anne's County, 1788 (Grievances), 1789.
OTHER STATE OFFICES: Councils of Safety, Eastern Shore, 2nd, 1776, 3rd, 1776, 4th, 1776, 5th, 1776 (declined to serve on November 19, 1776); attorney general, 1777 (elected on August 7, 1777, to fill vacancy; replaced on January 6, 1778); Constitution Ratification Convention, Queen Anne's County, 1788; chief judge, second Judicial District, 1791-1809; judge, Court of Appeals, 1804-1809.
LOCAL OFFICES: St. Paul's Parish Vestry, Queen Anne's County, 1789-1791; churchwarden, St. Paul's Parish, Queen Anne's County, 1803.
MILITARY SERVICE: quartermaster, Lower Battalion, Queen Anne's County Militia, appointed January 6, 1776; colonel by November 1776.

STANDS ON PUBLIC/ PRIVATE ISSUES: Tilghman was among those requested by Gov. Robert Eden (1741-1784) to accept his parole not to leave Maryland, April 20, 1776.

PERSONAL PROPERTY: assessed value £1,664.5.0, including 30 slaves, 83 oz. plate, 1783; 50 slaves, 1790; wife bequeathed £200.0.0 by her mother, 1796.
LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: ca. 1,712 acres in Queen Anne's County (ca. 1,700 acres inherited from father, remainder by resurvey and patent), plus a short-term lease on a house and outbuildings in Annapolis.
SIGNIFICANT CHANGES BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH: gave up the lease on the Annapolis property, ca. 1775; had sold ca. 175 acres in Queen Anne's County by 1783; sold 200 acres in 1797, and 112 acres by 1798; purchased ca. 100 acres by 1798, all in Queen Anne's County. Assessed for 1,333 acres in Queen Anne's County, 1798, with his dwelling house and out buildings valued at $1,000.
DIED: ca. April 18, 1809, in Chestertown, Kent County; estate probated in Queen Anne's County.
PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV $22,317.33 (including 60 slaves, 97 oz. plate, books, and $2,954.70 in cash); FB, $17,377.92. LAND: probably 1,333 acres in Queen Anne's County.

Source:  Edward C. Papenfuse, et al. A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789. 2 Vols.
                      (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979, 1985), 823-4.

Return to Introductory Page

This web site is presented for reference purposes under the doctrine of fair use. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: The site may contain material from other sources which may be under copyright. Rights assessment, and full originating source citation, is the responsibility of the user.

Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!

[ Archives' Home Page  ||  Maryland Manual On-Line  ||  Reference & Research
||  Search the Archives   ||  Education & Outreach  ||  Archives of Maryland Online ]

Governor     General Assembly    Judiciary     Maryland.Gov

© Copyright Wednesday, 29-Jan-2003 20:30:37 EST Maryland State Archives