Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Samuel Ogle (c. 1694-1752)
MSA SC 3520-947

Governor of Maryland, 1731-1732, 1733-1742, 1746/47-1752
Under Restored Proprietary Government

Biographical Profile:

OGLE, SAMUEL (ca. 1694-1752)
BORN: ca. 1694 in Northumberland, England; probably second son.
IMMIGRATED: from St James’ Parish, Westminster, England; arrived in Annapolis on December 2, 1731 as governor.
RESIDED: in England until late 1731 (probably of Newcastle in 1729); Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, 1731 until late 1742; Savile Row, Westminster, London, England, early 1743 until early 1747; Annapolis and “Belair,” Prince George’s County, March 1747 to death.
FATHER: Samuel Ogle (1658-1718/19) of Bousden, Northumberland, England, and Dublin, Ireland; a member of Parliament for Berwick, 1689, 1695, 1698, 1700-1702, 1705, 1708; commissioner for the revenue in Ireland, by 1699-at least 1712; died in Dublin; son of Luke Ogle (1630-1696) of Berwick and Bousden.
MOTHER: Elizabeth (?-ca. 1697), widow of Thomas Dawson, of Newcastle, Northumberland, England.
STEPMOTHER: by 1701 Ursula, widow of Lord Altham, daughter of Sir Robert Markham and wife Mary.
BROTHER: Luke (?-1735), of Newcastle, Northumberland, England.
HALF BROTHERS: George (1704-1746), a writer and translator, who married in 1735 Frances, daughter of Sir Frederick Twysden; Robert (ca. 1706-?); and Thomas (ca. 1713-?)
SISTER: Mary (?-by 1777), who married John Broughton of Maidstone, Kent, England.
HALF SISTER: Meliora (?-ca. 1774) of Dublin, Ireland, who never married.
MARRIED: between July 5 and July 12 1741, Anne (1723-1817) daughter of Benjamin Tasker (ca. 1690-1768) and wife Ann (?-1775). Anne was the granddaughter of both Thomas Tasker (?-1700) and William Bladen (1670-1718).  She was the niece of Thomas Bladen (1698-1780); Elizabeth Tasker (1686-1706/7), who married Thomas Addison (1679-1727).  Her brothers were William (1713-1715); Benjamin (1717-1717); Benjamin Tasker, Jr. (1720/21-1760); Bladen (?-ca. 1721); Bladen (1722-1723); and Bladen (1730-died young).  Her sisters were Rebecca (1724-1822), who married Daniel Dulany, Jr. (1722-1797); Elizabeth (1726-1789); and Frances (?-1787).  Her nephew was Benjamin Tasker Dulany (1752-1816).  Her niece was Rebecca Lowndes (1757-1802), who married Benjamin Stoddert (ca. 1751-1813).  Her first cousins were Rebecca Addison (1703-?), who married first, James Bowles (?-ca. 1727/28), and second George Plater (1695-1755); Elinor Addison (1705-?), who married fourth, Corbin Lee (?-1774).
SONS: Samuel (1747-1748); Benjamin Ogle (1748/49-1809).
DAUGHTERS: Anne (1743-1747); Mary (1746-1808) who married John Ridout (1732-1797); and Meliora (1750-ca. 1775), who married James Anderson of Hertford, England.  Anderson immigrated to Maryland in 1774 leaving his mother, Meliora, and two children in England.  A third child was born to Meliora in 1775 and was brought to Maryland by Anne Tasker Ogle in 1784.
EDUCATION: Literate, educated in England.
SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Esq., by 1731.  Ogle was an active horseman and supporter of thoroughbred racing in the colonies.  He imported “Queen Mab,” the famous English brood mare, and “Spark,” a blooded stallion originally owned by Frederick, Prince of Wales, and given to Ogle by Lord Baltimore.  Among his other livestock at “Belair,” Ogle kept a buffalo.
OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: officeholder; planter.
LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Upper House, 1732/33-2733 (appointed during the 2nd session of the 1732-1734 Assembly, reassumed the office of governor before the Convention).
OTHER PROVINCIAL OFFICES: governor, sworn on December 7, 1731, replaced on December 11, 1732, by Charles Calvert, 5th Lord Baltimore (1699-1751); sworn on July 11, 1733, replaced on August 23, 1742, by Thomas Bladen (1698-1780); sworn on March 16, 1746/47, died in office, 1752; councillor, 1732/33-1733 (president, member of Council during Calvert’s stay in Maryland); surveyor general of the Western Shore, 1733/34-1742, 1748-death.
MILITARY SERVICE: captain, cavalry, before 1731.
STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: In a letter to Lord Baltimore shortly after his arrival in Maryland, Ogle criticized Benedict Leonard Calvert (1700-1732) and his handling of Maryland’s affairs, especially the antagonism Calvert had provoked from important residents such as “Bodely” and “Delany” (Daniel Dulany (1685-1753)).  His Maryland Gazette obituary says, “In private Life he was an amiable Companion; in his Conversation, affable, cheerful, and instructive, but never assuming; and in his Friendship, warm and sincere…”
PERSONAL PROPERTY: received £1,500.0.0 sterling from Benjamin Tasker (ca. 1690-1768) as Anne’s dowery.
ANNUAL INCOME: £200.0.0 sterling towards the salary of principal secretary, 1751.
ADDITIONAL COMMENT: rented a house in Annapolis (now known as “Ogle hall”), 1747 until his death.
LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: none in Maryland, may already have owned his house in Savile Row, Westminster.
SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH: purchased 100 acres in Anne Arundel County, 1734, and 1,570 acres in Anne Arundel County, 1736.  Purchased 1,677 acres in Prince George’s County with Benjamin Tasker (ca. 1690-1768) in March 1737 and bought out Tasker’s interest in the land in August 1737.  This property, plus 500 acres which Ogle added to it in 1749, became known as “Belair,” and Ogle commissioned his father-in-law to build a mansion there while the Ogles were in England during the early 1740s. Ogle sold 384 acres in Anne Arundel County in 1738, and purchased 1 lot in Annapolis, 1740.  In 1741, on the day following the signing of his marriage agreement with Anne Tasker and her father, Ogle gave a life interest in 924 acres on the upper Severn River, Anne Arundel county, to Sarah Guyther (probably 1708-?), a spinster.  He purchased 1 lot in Annapolis, probably already rented to Jonas Green, publisher of the Maryland Gazette, in 1749.  Before his death, Ogle took our certificates of survey on 5 tracts totalling 516 acres in Frederick county.
DIED: on May 3, 1752, at 4:00 in the morning; buried in St. Anne’s Churchyard, Annapolis.
PERSONAL PROPERTY: incomplete inventories totalled £2,553.11.4 current money, including 50 slaves, 20 horses, bank stock in England worth probably less than £5,000.0.0 in 1752 but valued at £8,550.0.0 sterling in 1768.  Ogle’s estate was still unsettled at the death of his surviving executor, Benjamin Tasker (ca. 1690-1768).
LAND: 2,539 acres in Prince George’s and Anne Arundel Counties, 2 lots in Annapolis, and at least 1 house in England.

Source:  Edward C. Papenfuse, et al., A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789, Vol. II, I-Z, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985), 618-9.

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