Lloyd, Edward I (c.1620-1696) by Jean B. Russo

Lloyd, Edward I (c.1620-1696), merchant and planter, was born c.1620, perhaps in Wales. Other than his older brother Cornelius, nothing is know of his parents or any other siblings, nor of his life prior to his emigration by 1636 to the Virginia colony. Lloyd patented four hundred acres of land on the Elizabeth River in Lower Norfolk County in that year. By 1646 he had married Alice Crouch(?) Hawkins, widow of Henry, who was the mother of his only child, Philemon, born c.1646. After her death, he married by 1650 Frances Watkins, widow of John. His third wife, whom he married by 1680, was Grace, widow of Francis Mauldin and William Parker, Sr., who survived him.

Family tradition states that the Lloyds came from Wales; Lloyd's first Maryland home was on the Severn River, his second on the Wye River, and he named an early Talbot County patent Hier Dier Lloyd, this selection of names lending support to the claim of Welsh descent.

In 1645 Lloyd was appointed a justice of the Lower Norfolk County court and elected in February as a Lower Norfolk delegate to the Virginia House of Burgesses. A member of a congregation of dissenting Protestants, he faced charges in the Virginia General Court in 1649 for not attending Anglican services. Before the case could be heard, Lloyd joined fellow congregants in an emigration to Maryland. The governor of that colony, seeking support from Protestants for the Roman Catholic proprietor, offered the dissenters land and freedom of religious worship if they relocated. The Virginians established a settlement they called Providence on the Severn River near the present city of Annapolis.

Within a year of his arrival, Lloyd had reestablished himself in a leadership role, being appointed successively a justice of the Anne Arundel County court, commander of the county, and a commissioner for granting land patents. As commander, Lloyd exercised powers equivalent to those of a deputy governor. The religious differences that brought Lloyd to Maryland continued to dominate his relation to the colony for the ensuing years. In 1652, commissioners sent by Parliament to subdue both Anglican Virginia and Catholic Maryland took control of the Maryland government from the Lord Proprietor's appointed governor and council. Lloyd played an even more active political role during the period of parliamentary rule, first receiving an appointment in 1652 as a member of the commission charged with negotiating a critical peace treaty with the Susquehannah Indians. In 1654 he was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates as a representative from Providence (as the dissenters called their county). From July 1654 to March 1658 he served as one of ten members of the parliamentary commission established for ordering the affairs in Maryland and as a justice of the Provincial Court.

Despite Lloyd's vigorous support of the parliamentary government, when proprietary rule was restored in 1658 he continued to be entrusted with positions of responsibility. He represented Anne Arundel County in the lower house elected in April and in July was appointed to the upper house, or governor's council, where he sat until 1666.

In 1658, Lloyd patented his first tract of land in Talbot County, on Maryland's Eastern Shore. Sometime prior to 1663, he moved across the Chesapeake Bay to a Talbot estate on the Wye River, where the county court met in June of that year. Lloyd served as a justice from 1663 until 1668, when he returned to England, leaving management of his Maryland estate in the hands of his son Philemon. Lloyd resided first in Stepney. and then in Whitechapel (both now part of London) where he died in 1696. Lloyd left his real property in Maryland to his grandsons (Philemon having died in 1685) and his estate in England, as well as all the slaves he owned in Maryland, to his widow Grace.

Lloyd described himself in his will as "Edward Lloyd of the parish of St. Mary White Chappell . . . merchant and late of Maryland planter." As a planter, he amassed a landholding in Maryland of ca. fifteen hundred acres, primarily in Talbot County, that was devoted to growing tobacco and raising livestock. As a merchant, Lloyd marketed his own and his neighbors' crops of tobacco in England and supplied those neighbors with goods imported from the mother country. Although the extent of his wealth is not documented, he established one of Maryland's most prominent families, endowing it with a substantial foundation of land and capital.

Jean B. Russo 742 words

New DNB Sources sheet


Subject's name Lloyd, Edward I


1* Edward C. Papenfuse, Alan F. Day, David W. Jordan, and Gregory A. Stiverson, eds., A biographical dictionary of the Maryland legislature, 1635-1789, vol. 2, I-Z (1985), 534

2* Christopher Johnston, 'Lloyd Family,' Maryland Historical Magazine, 7 (1912), 420-30

3* Aubrey C. Land, Colonial Maryland - a history (1981), 49-53

4 Robert J. Brugger, Maryland: a middle temperament (1988), 20-2

5 Oswald Tilghman, 'The Lloyds of Wye,' History of Talbot County, Maryland, 1661-1861, vol. 1 (1915), 132-228

6 J. D. Warfield, The founders of Anne Arundel and Howard counties, Maryland (1905, 1973), 8-10, 20-1, 26-9



Lloyd Papers, MS.2001, Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD (Limited material for this subject; primarily land records)










Value of estate or

possessions at death ca. 1500 acres of land in Maryland

Source of data Biographical Dictionary, 2:534 (1985); based on analysis of patents, purchases, and sales.

New DNB Information sheet


Main Name Lloyd Edward I

Variants of main names none

Alternative names none

Name as known none




Birth c. 1620 perhaps in Wales

Source of data and comments:

Source: Biographical Dictionary, 2:534

Birth date given as c.1620, but this may be too late as Lloyd patented land in 1636, when he would have been only c.16 years old. Brother Cornelius born in 1608. Family tradition states that the Lloyds came from Wales; place names associated with them (Severn, Wye, and Tred Avon rivers, Hier Dier Lloyd patent, and others suggest a Welsh background); the family uses a coat of arms of Welsh origin. No definitive connection ever documented, however.




Main name unknown

Alternative names unknown

Titles unknown

Birth date unknown Death date unknown

Occupation unknown


Maiden name unknown

Alternative names unknown

Titles unknown

Birth date unknown Death date unknown

Occupation unknown




1648-? dissenting Protestant, Independent Church of Virginia

Source of data and comments:

Source: Biographical Dictionary, 2:534; Johnston, 421.

By 1648, an elder of the Independent Church of Virginia; one of a group of dissenting Protestants to emigrate to Maryland in 1649. Whether he remained a dissenter to the end of his life or at some time after the 1660s became an Anglican is unknown. The description of himself in his will as of "the parish of St. Mary White Chappell" could suggest that Lloyd conformed to the Church of England by the time of his death--or it may simply have been a geographic reference.


Main name Hawkins Alice widow of Henry Hawkins

Alternative name Crouch? Alice possibly maiden name

Titles none

Birth date unknown Death date by 1650

Occupation none

Relationship married x

Date started by 1646 Ended by 1650 by death

Source of data and comments:

Source: Biographical Dictionary, 2:534; Johnston, 422

Maiden name believed to have been Crouch, but parents are unknown.


Main name Watkins Frances widow of John Watkins

Alternative name maiden name unknown

Titles none

Birth date unknown Death date by 1680

Occupation none

Relationship married x

Date started by 1650 Ended by 1680 by death

Source of data and comments:

Source: Biographical Dictionary, 2:534; Johnston, 422


Main name Parker Grace widow of William Parker, Sr.

Alternative name Mauldin Grace widow of Francis Mauldin

maiden name unknown

Titles none

Birth date unknown Death date 1701

Occupation none

Relationship married x

Date started by 1680 Ended 1696 by death

Source of data and comments:

Source: Biographical Dictionary, 2:534; Johnston, 422-3


Date Address

by 1636-1649 Lower Norfolk County, Virginia

1649-by 1663 Providence, Anne Arundel County, Maryland

by 1663-1668 Wye House, Talbot County, Maryland

1668-1696 London (Stepney, Whitechapel)

Source of data and comments:

Source: Biographical Dictionary, 2:534; Johnston, 420-3; Tilghman, 1:143

Lloyd's residence prior to his emigration to Virginia is unknown, as is the date of his arrival in Virginia, which occurred by 1636, when he patented land. The Biographical Dictionary dates Lloyd's arrival in Maryland to 1650, but the most authoritative histories of early Maryland (Brugger, 20 and Land, 49) place the migration in late 1649. Lloyd's move to Talbot County occurred between 1660 and 1663. He returned to England in 1668; a deed of 1680 places him in Whitechapel, but a subsequent deed states that he formerly lived in Stepney.


By descent Wales, if family tradition is accurate

By association Lower Norfolk County in Virginia; settlement of Providence in Anne Arundel County and Talbot County, Maryland; London


Death between 11 March 1696 and 14 July 1696 London

Cause of death unknown

Burial unknown

Source of data and comments:

Date of death fixed by will and probate; will supplied by NewDNB and date of probate from Johnston, 421. Place of death inferred from will.

Missing data

In addition to the lacunae noted above, no probate information for estate in Maryland and no probate information for estate in England recorded in sources used.


Birth, death, burial x

Parents x

Spouse/partners x


Double spacing x

Quotations x