Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Giles Brent (1600-ca. 1671/72)
MSA SC 3520-141
Council Member


Founding of Maryland - Educational Project for Elementary and Middle School Students
Maryland Public Television and Maryland State Archives (January-February 2003)
written by Jennifer Copeland, MSA Archival Intern

Giles Brent does not seem to receive as much attention as his more famous sister, Margaret, but he played a significant role in the early development of Maryland.  Giles Brent was the youngest son of Sir Richard Brent, Lord of Lark Stoke and Admington in Gloucestershire, England.  We do not know much about his early life until he arrived in Maryland in 1638 with his brother and two sisters.  His family became close to Governor Leonard Calvert, and soon Giles was one of the colony's political and economic leaders.  He settled on Kent Island, where he developed a large plantation.  Giles Brent held many roles in Maryland, including Councilor, Treasurer, Commander of Kent Island, judge, and burgess.  For a brief period in 1643-44 when Leonard Calvert returned to England, Giles served as Deputy Governor of the colony.  Despite this apparent success, he was eventually charged with disloyalty and forced to emigrate to Virginia.  Giles Brent's problems began when he refused to lead the settlers of Kent Island against the local Indians who had been attacking Maryland settlements.  He further angered the proprietors (the Calverts, who owned Maryland) when he married Mary Kittamaquund, daughter of the tayac, or emperor, of the Piscataway Indians.  The Calverts believed that Giles had married the Indian princess in hopes of gaining control of more of the Indians' land and that he was a threat to the proprietors' authority.  When Giles Brent began to speak out in the Assembly against the Calverts, he was no longer welcome in Maryland.  He and his sister Margaret moved to Virginia in 1649, and Giles died in 1672.
Return to Giles Brent's Introductory Page

This web site is presented for reference purposes under the doctrine of fair use. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: The site may contain material from other sources which may be under copyright. Rights assessment, and full originating source citation, is the responsibility of the user.

Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!

© Copyright Monday, 30-Nov-2015 15:46:36 EST Maryland State Archives