Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

John Archer (1741-1810)
MSA SC 3520-24


Born: May 5, 1741, probably in Cecil County
Died: September 28, 1810, at "Medical Hall," near Churchville, Harford County; buried in Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Churchville
Family: son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Stevenson) Archer
Married: Catherine Harris, 1766. Children: Thomas; Robert Harris; John; James; George Washington; Stevenson Archer (1786-1848); and four others who died young
Religion: Presbyterian
Education: attended Nottingham Academy, Cecil County; Princeton College, B.A., 1760, M.A., 1773; studied theology; graduated, Philadelphia College of Medicine, 1768 (received first degree awarded by an American medical school)
Military Service: captain, Lower Crosswood Company, Harford County militia, 1774-76; 2nd major, Upper Battalion, Harford County militia, 1779; aide-de-camp to Gen. Anthony Wayne at the battle of Stoney Point, 1779; captain, Continental Army, 1779, major, 1779
Professional Positions: physician, began medical practice in New Castle, Delaware, 1767-69; continued practice in Harford County, 1769; and from his home "Medical Hall," 1785 until his death
Political Affiliation: Democratic-Republican
Maryland Service: delegate, 9th Convention, Harford County, 1776; House, Harford County, 1777, 1779-80
National Service: presidential elector, 6th District, 1796; U.S. Representative, 6th District, 7th, 8th, 9th Congresses, served from March 1801 to March 1807


Source: Gerson G. Eisenberg. Marylanders Who Served the Nation. Annapolis, MD: Maryland State Archives, 1992.


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