Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

John Archer (1741-1810)
MSA SC 3520-24

Born: May 5, 1741, probably in Cecil County
Died: September 28, 1810, at "Medical Hall," near Churchville, Harford County; buried in Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Churchville
Family: son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Stevenson) Archer
Married: Catherine Harris, 1766. Children: Thomas; Robert Harris; John; James; George Washington; Stevenson Archer (1786-1848); and four others who died young
Religion: Presbyterian
Education: attended Nottingham Academy, Cecil County; Princeton College, B.A., 1760, M.A., 1773; studied theology; graduated, Philadelphia College of Medicine, 1768 (received first degree awarded by an American medical school)
Military Service: captain, Lower Crosswood Company, Harford County militia, 1774-76; 2nd major, Upper Battalion, Harford County militia, 1779; aide-de-camp to Gen. Anthony Wayne at the battle of Stoney Point, 1779; captain, Continental Army, 1779, major, 1779
Professional Positions: physician, began medical practice in New Castle, Delaware, 1767-69; continued practice in Harford County, 1769; and from his home "Medical Hall," 1785 until his death
Political Affiliation: Democratic-Republican
Maryland Service: delegate, 9th Convention, Harford County, 1776; House, Harford County, 1777, 1779-80
National Service: presidential elector, 6th District, 1796; U.S. Representative, 6th District, 7th, 8th, 9th Congresses, served from March 1801 to March 1807

Source: Gerson G. Eisenberg. Marylanders Who Served the Nation. Annapolis, MD: Maryland State Archives, 1992.

This web site is presented for reference purposes under the doctrine of fair use. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: The site may contain material from other sources which may be under copyright. Rights assessment, and full originating source citation, is the responsibility of the user.

Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!

© Copyright May 01, 2001Maryland State Archives