Bogen, David S. "The Maryland Context of Dred Scott: The Decline in the Legal Status of Maryland Free Blacks, 1776-1810," in The American Journal of Legal History 34 (1990): 381-411.
Brackett, Jeffrey R. "Notes on the Progress of the Colored People of Maryland Since the War." Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science. 8th Series. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1890.
Callcott, Margaret Law. The Negro in Maryland Politics, 1870-1912. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1969.
Gillette, William. The Right to Vote: Politics and the Passage of the Fifteenth Amendment. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1969.
Graham, Leroy. Baltimore: The Nineteenth Century Black Capital. Washington, DC: University Press of America, Inc., 1982.
McFeely, William S. Frederick Douglass. New York: Norton, 1991.
Mathews, John Mabry. Legislative and Judicial History of the Fifteenth Amendment. New York: Da Capo Press, reprint, 1971. Originally published in Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science, 27th Series, no. 6-7, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1909.
Meier, August, and Ellicott Rudwick. From Plantation to Ghetto. New York: Hill and Wang, 1970.
Olson, Sherry H. "A Rent in the Social Fabric, 1866-1877," in Baltimore: The Building of an American City. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980: 149-197.
Quarles, Benjamin. Frederick Douglass. New York: Atheneum, 1976.
Sterling, Dorothy. The Making of an Afro-American: Martin Robison Delany, 1812-1885. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1971.
Ullman, Victor. Martin R. Delany: The Beginnings of Black Nationalism. Boston: Beacon Press, 1971.
created by David Troy as a senior project at The Johns Hopkins University,
Continuing Studies program on Baltimore and the Fifteenth Amendment under
the direction of Dr. Edward C. Papenfuse.
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Maryland State Archives, revised July 27, 1998