The Forgotten Mothers of Maryland
by Edward C. Papenfuse, State Archivist & Commissioner of Land Patents

Georges de la Tour, ca. 1640. The Repentant Magdalen, National Gallery of Art
Raphael's painting, see 12-177 for documentation; from Indagini per un dipinto La Santa Cecilia di Raffaello, Bologna: Edizioni ALFA, 1983, including an article by Thomas H. Connoly, "The cult and iconography of St. Cecilia before Raphael, pp. 121-139
Orazio Gentileschi, c. 1610, Florence, St. Cecilia and an Angel, National Gallery of Art, 12-241

Strozzi, St. Cecilia, ca. 1618-1620

George Calvert from Justin Winsor's Narrative andCritical History, III
St. Mary's, sign, 12-143-1

St. Mary's church, 12-143-2

Anne Mynne's Tomb, St. Mary's church, 12-143-3

As a memorial George Calvert built Anne Mynne a splendid Italianate tomb placing his recumbant wife in marble before a mantel adorned with

the Calvert shield on the Left,

Anne Mynne's Tomb, St. Mary's church, detail of Mynne shield12-143-5

the Mynne Coat of Arms on the right,

Anne Mynne's Tomb, St. Mary's church, detail of two family shields encorporated into one in the middle, 12-143-6

and the two coats of arms elevated and joined in the middle.

In the language of heraldry there were

"three shields of Arms. On the centre shield: Paly of six, or[gold] and sable [silver], a Bend counterchanged for Calvert; impaling, Sable[silver]; a Fess dancette paly of four, gules and ermine, beween six-crosslet argent[silver], for Mynne. On the other, Calvert and Mynne emblazoned alone."[12-144].

George Calvert sought solace in the household of the Catholic Earl of Arundel where a high mass had been held in memory of his wife Anne and where she seemed to have spent much of her time while in London. [Krugler] It was this same Earl of Arundel who may have been a student and patron of the noted poet and compiler of the first Italian-English dictionary, John Florio (1533-1625). Indeed, both Florio and George Calvert had their portraits painted by the same artist, Daniel Mytens the elder at about the same time. [12-175]

George Calvert by Daniel Mytens

Subsequent generations of scholars and the annotated code of Maryland have mistaken the Cross that appears on the Calvert Coat of Arms, the Great Seal of Maryland, the State Flag, and by law on every flag pole where the State Flag is flown, as exclusively the Cross Botany of the Crossland family to which George Calvert's mother may or may not have belonged. Perhaps it is time to give Anne Mynne her due. Not only does she deserve credit for at least half of the most visible symbols representing Maryland, but she also provided material wealth and inspiration for her husband who renounced the political wold, openly joined the Catholic church, and who may have been far less sexist than contemporaries and historians may have imagined. 

Cecil Calvert's portrait, by Gerard Soest, Enoch Pratt Free Library

Calvert Coat of Arms
Maryland Manual cover with the Ark & Dove, 2-45-1991
map of Maryland, 1671; first to show counties
Anne Arundel Calvert

Hook House, with the ruins of Wardour castle off in the distance

portrait of Charles Calvert, 3rd Lord Baltimore, by John Closterman, 12-129-4

tombstone of Anne Arundel, St. John the Baptist, near Tisbury

Lead coffins, St. Mary's City

Anne Wolseley Calvert