Albert Cabell Ritchie was born in Richmond, Virginia on August 29, 1876, and was raised in Baltimore. He received his bachelor of arts degree from The Johns Hopkins University in 1896 and a law degree from the University of Maryland, where he later taught. He was serving as Attorney General of Maryland when tapped to run for Govenor by the Democratic party. First elected in 1919 by only 165 votes, Governor Ritchie went on to serve four terms in office. He was the first governor to be re-elected by popular vote. Among the many achievements of his administration was the improvement of state roads, reorganization of the public school system, and the revision of the Workmen's Compensation Act. Most important was the reorganization of state government begun under Governor Harrington, which Ritchie personally planned and implemented. After losing his 1932 bid for the Democratic presidential nomination, Ritchie declined Franklin Roosevelt's offer of the vice presidency. Defeated for a fifth term in 1934, Ritchie resumed the practice of law in Baltimore where he died on February 24, 1936. He was married from 1907 to 1916 to Elizabeth Catherine Baker of Catonsville. They had no children.
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