Henrietta Maria, Queen of England (1609-1669)

MSA SC 1545-1174. 1901 by Florence MacKubin (1861-1918), after Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641). Original in Warwick Castle. Commissioned by Legislature in 1900.

The daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de Medici, Henrietta Maria was born at the Louvre. At age sixteen she was married by proxy to Charles I in the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris. She was the mother of Charles II; Mary, later Princess of Orange; James II; Elizabeth; Henry, Duke of Gloucester; and Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans. In honor of his patron, Charles I, George Calvert, First Lord Baltimore, named his newly founded colony after the King's wife, thus, "Maryland."

Florence MacKubin was from a well-known Maryland family but was born in Florence, Italy. While living abroad during her childhood and early adult years, she studied painting with Italian and German masters. Upon returning to America, she settled in Baltimore and painted prolifically, exhibiting at several national and international exhibitions. In 1900, under commission from the state Board of Public Works, she went to Warwick Castle to copy Van Dyck's portrait of Henrietta Maria. The state also owns several other portraits by MacKubin, including those of Cecil and Leonard Calvert. Her work can be seen in a number of collections, including the Walters Art Gallery.

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