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MSA SC 5590

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Charles Yeardly Turner  (1850-1918)
Born: Baltimore, Maryland
Died:  New York, New York
Genre:  Painting: murals
Education/Training:  National Academy of Design, New York City; Studied under Jean Paul Laurens in Paris;

Indian domestic life
Leonard Calvert and Indian leaders in 1634
Family unit settling in the colony.
Left panel
Center panel
Right panel

Treaty of Calvert with the Indians
 Unveiled June 2, 1902

The center panel depicts Leonard Calvert negotiating a treaty with Yaocomico Indian leaders in 1634. The left panel is representative of Indian domestic life while the right panel represents the family unit settling in the colony. The following quote is from a letter written by Charles Yardley Turner read at the occasion of the unveiling of his painting.

The decorative composition represents a conference with the Indians, having for its object the barter of agricultural implements and cloth for a tract of land....The paintings are not intended to represent a particular incident, occurring at a special moment, but are meant to convey the thought and action which pertained to purchase the land.

Anthony Stewart and other citizens
Charles Carroll of Carrollton and Dr. Warfield
Citizens near Anthony Stewart's mansion.
Left Panel
Center Panel
Right Panel

The Burning of The Peggy Stewart
Unveiled October 19, 1904

The brigantine Peggy Stewart arrived in Annapolis, Maryland on Friday, October 14, 1774, laden with more than a ton of tea. The owners of the ship were Anthony Stewart and his father-in-law James Dick. The tax for the tea was quickly paid by Stewart, in violation of a non–importation agreement amongst local merchants. This was not the first time that Stewart and Dick paid a tax on imported British goods. The Anne Arundel County Committee decided that the tea should not be landed and called for a public meeting to determine the final fate of the cargo on Wednesday October 19, 1774.   Although the majority of the people at the meeting voted against violent measures, the minority members were determined to burn both the ship and the tea. Stewart finally consented to burn his own ship out of fear for his own life and concern that the mob might also burn his house. The burning of the Peggy Stewart was a seminal event in both Maryland’s and the colonies’ history prior to the outbreak of the Revolutionary War. The following quote is from a letter written by Charles Yardley Turner read at the occasion of the unveiling of his painting.

In the center panel is Charles Carroll of Carrollton and Dr. Warfield "leader of the mob". In the left panel wearing the white shirt sleeves is Anthony Stewart.  The right panel portrays a group of citizens near Anthony Stewart's mansion.

In the mural painting , "The Burning of the Peggy Stewart," my purpose was to express the protest upon the part of Maryland's citizens against the oppression of the mother country. The burning vessel has been used as the symbol and outward manifestation of this protests against "taxation without representation."

Source: The Burning of the Peggy Stewart & Religious Toleration in Maryland: Mural Decorations in the Baltimore Courthouse. Baltimore. The Muncipal Art Society of Baltimore, 1905

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