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Senate Presidents Pro Tem
1822- 

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The office of Senate President Pro Tem was authorized in 1822 (Senate Rule 26). At that time, Senate Rules provided that "The President of the Senate may call any member of the Senate to take the chair to relieve him when fatigued in the discharge of his duties." (Senate Journal, December 9, 1822)

Prior to 1868, Presidents Pro Tem were elected only if the President of the Senate was unable to attend session.  At the beginning of each session, a  Justice of the Peace from  Anne Arundel County swore in each Senator.  The Senators then immediately elected a President.  In 1868, the Senate began the practice of electing a President Pro Tem at the start of session, a practice continued to this day.
 
 
Session Date President Pro Tem
1822, December Session
1823, December Session
1824, December Session Robert W. Bowie, WS
1825, December Session Frisby Tilghman, WS
1826, December Session William H. Marriott, WS
1827, December Session John C. Herbert, WS
Kinsey Harrison, ES
1828, December Session John C. Herbert, WS
1829, December Session
1830, December Session
1831, December Session John G. Chapman, WS
1832, December Session William Hughlett, ES
1833, December Session Dennis Claude, WS
1834, December Session Thomas Sappington, WS
1835, December Session William Hughlett, ES
1836, May Special Session James B. Ricaud, ES
1836, December Session James B. Ricaud, ES
1837, December Session James B. Ricaud, ES 
Elias Brown, WS
1838, December Session Richard Potts, FR
1839, December Session Hugh Ely, BA 
Richard Potts, FR
1840, December Session Richard Potts, FR
1841, March Special Session Richard Potts, FR
1841, December Session Hugh Ely, BA 
Richard Potts, FR
1842, December Session William T. Goldsborough, DO
1843, December Session William T. Goldsborough, DO 
William Williams, SO
1844, December Session George R. Howard, CE
1845, December Session John Beall, AL
1846, December Session
1847, December Session
1849, December Session James Blackiston, SM
1852, January Session Hugh Ely, BA
1853, January Special Session Hugh Ely, BA 
John H. Sothoron, SM
1854, January Session Hugh Ely, BA 
John H. Sothoron, SM
1856, January Session George R. Dennis, SO 
William Lingan Gaither, MO
1858, January Session William Lingan Gaither, MO
1860, January Session Thomas J. McKaig, AL
1861, April Special Session
1861, June Special Session Henry H. Goldsborough, TA
1861, July Special Session
1861, December Special Session
1862, January Session
1864, January Session
1865, January Session Charles H. Ohr, AL
1866, January Special Session Charles H. Ohr, AL
1867, January Session James T. Earle, QA
1868, January Session Barnes Compton, CH
1870, January Session Eli J. Henkle, AA
1872, January Session Barnes Compton, CH
1874, January Session John K. Longwell, CR
1876, January Session John Carroll Walsh, HA
1876, April Special Session
1878, January Session James Fenner Lee, CR
1880, January Session Clement Sulivane, DO
1882, January Session T. Augustus Parsons, WI
1884, January Session John Gill, Jr., BC
1886, January Session Thomas G. Hayes, BC
1888, January Session Richard H. Edelen, CH
1890, January Session James J. Lindsay, BA
1892, January Session Edward Wootton, MO
1894, January Session John G. Rogers, HO
1896, January Session Joseph H. Johnson, DO
1898, January Session Norman B. Scott, Jr., WA
1900, January Session William F. Applegarth, DO
1901, March Special Session
1902, January Session William B. Peter, HO
1902, April Special Session William B. Peter, HO
1904, January Session Thomas H. Robinson, HA
1906, January Session John P. Moore, WO
1908, January Session John P. Moore, WO
1910, January Session John S. Biddison, BA
1912, January Session John P. Moore, WO
1914, January Session Louis M. Milbourne, SO
1916, January Session William J. Ogden, BC
1917, June Special Session
1918, January Session L. Atwood Bennett, WI
1920, January Session Orlando Harrison, WO
1920, September Special Session Orlando Harrison, WO
1922, January Session Orlando Harrison, WO
1924, January Session Orlando Harrison, WO
1927, January Session Dudley G. Roe, QA
1929, January Session Dudley G. Roe, QA
1930, July Special Session
1931, January Session Dudley G. Roe, Qa
1933, January Session Dudley G. Roe, QA
1933, November Special Session
1935, January Session Milton L. Veasey, WO
1936, March Special Session Milton L. Veasey, WO
1936, December Special Session Milton L. Veasey, WO
1937, January Session Milton L. Veasey, WO
1937, April Special Session Milton L. Veasey, WO
1939, January Session James J. Lindsay, Jr., BA
1941, January Session James J. Lindsay, Jr., BA
1943, January Session J. Wilmer Cronin, HA
1944, March Special Session J. Wilmer Cronin, HA
1945, January Session J. Wilmer Cronin, HA
1945, November Special Session J. Wilmer Cronin, HA
1946, December Special Session J. Wilmer Cronin, HA
1947, January Session Joseph M. George, QA
1947, November Special Session Joseph M. George, QA
1948, May Special Session Thomas Francis  Johnson, WO
1949, January Session Thomas Francis  Johnson, WO
1949, December Special Session Thomas Francis  Johnson, WO
1950, February Session Thomas Francis  Johnson, WO
1950, July Special Session Thomas Francis Johnson, WO
1950, November Special Session Paul G. Stromberg, HO
1951, January Session C. Ferdinand Sybert, HO
1952, February Session C. Ferdinand Sybert, HO
1953, January Session LeRoy W. Preston, BC (5th District)
1954, February Session LeRoy W. Preston, BC (5th District)
1955, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., DO
1956, February Session Ralph L. Mason, WO
1956, March Special Session Ralph L. Mason, WO
1957, January Session Ralph L. Mason, WO
1958, February Session Ralph L. Mason, WO
1958, March Special Session Ralph L. Mason, WO
1958, June Special Session Ralph L. Mason, WO
1959, January Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1960, February Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1961, January Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1961, June Special Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1962, February Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1962, March Special Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1962, May Special Session William S. James, HA
1963, January Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1964, February Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1964, March Special Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1964, November Special Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1965, January Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1965, October Special Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1966, January Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1966, March Special Session Mary L. Nock, WI
1967, January Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1967, June Special Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1968, January Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1969, January Special Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1969, January Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
 1969, December Special Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1970, January Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1971, January Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1971, June Special Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1972, January Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1973, January Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1973, July Special Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1973, November Special Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1974, January Session Mary L. Nock, District 16
1975, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 35
1975, May Special Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 35
1976, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 35
1977, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 35
1978, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 35
1979, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 35
1980, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 35
1981, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 35
1982, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 35
1982, August Special Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 35
1983, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1983, June Special Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1984, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1985, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1985, May Special Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1985, October Special Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1986, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1987, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1988, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1989, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1990, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1991, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1991, June Special Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1991, September Special Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1992, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1992, April Special Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1992, November Special Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1993, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1994, January Session Frederick C. Malkus, Jr., District 37
1995, January Session Norman R. Stone, Jr., District 7.
1996, January Session Norman R. Stone, Jr., District 7
1997, January Session Norman R. Stone, Jr., District 7
1998, January Session Norman R. Stone, Jr., District 7
1999, January Session Norman R. Stone, Jr., District 7
2000, January Session Ida G. Ruben, District 20
2001, January Session Ida G. Ruben, District 20
2002, January Session Ida G. Ruben, District 20
2003, January Session Ida G. Ruben, District 20
2004, January Session Ida G. Ruben, District 20
2004, December Special Session Ida G. Ruben, District 20
2005, January Session Ida G. Ruben, District 20
2006, January Session Ida G. Ruben, District 20
2006, June Special Session Ida G. Ruben, District 20
2007, January Session Nathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2007, October Special Session Nathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2008, January Session Nathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2009, January Session Nathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2010, January Session Nathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2011, January Session Nathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2011, October Special Session Nathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2012, January Session Nathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2012, May Special SessionNathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2012, August Special SessionNathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2013, January SessionNathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2014, January SessionNathaniel J. McFadden, District 45
2015, January SessionNathaniel J. McFadden, District 45

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