Maryland flag Archives of Maryland
Historical List
Governors' Councils, 1777-1838

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Source:
Edward C. Papenfuse, et al., Archives of Maryland, Historical List,
new series, Vol. 1. Annapolis, MD: Maryland State Archives, 1990.
 

Key to Abbreviations:
d - died; dcl - declined; r - resigned;

GOVERNORS' COUNCILS (1777-1838)

History of the Governor's Council

The Governor's Council was an advisory body of considerable influence. The Constitution of 1776 (Art. 26) provided that both houses of the legislature elect, by joint ballot, five men to be "the Council to the Governor." The constitution also required that on the death, removal, or incapacity of the governor the first named of the council should become governor and proceed to the calling of a special session of the General Assembly to elect a new governor.

The Governor's Council was abolished in 1838 by constitutional amendment (Acts of 1836, ch. 197, sec. 13; Acts of 1837, ch. 84). The governor at the time, Thomas W. Veazey, lamented to a friend, "What is my situation? I am here in this empty chamber, without council, without clerk, without any friend to whom I can turn to ask advice or ask for papers, which I often...cannot tell where to find."[1] In place of the Council, the position of Secretary of State was created to serve as an advisor and administrator for the governor.

Note that no council was elected in 1825. Council elections were shifted from December to January, and as a result the council that was elected in December, 1824 served until January, 1826.

Governors' Councils

1777 (March)
Charles Carroll, Sr., dcl
Josiah Polk
John Rogers
Edward Lloyd
John Contee, dcl
Thomas Sim Lee [2]
James Brice, dcl [3]
Joseph Sim [4]

1777 (November)
Thomas Sim Lee
Joseph Sim, dcl
Edward Lloyd
John Rogers, dcl
Josiah Polk, dcl
James Brice [5]
William Hemsley, dcl [6]
Daniel Carroll [7]
James Hindman [8]

1778
Thomas Sim Lee
James Brice
Daniel Carroll
Edward Lloyd
James Hindman

1779
John Hoskins Stone
Jeremiah Townly Chase
James Brice
Daniel Carroll
John Brice

1780
Daniel Carroll
James Brice
John Hoskins Stone
Jeremiah Townly Chase
Samuel Turbutt Wright

1781
John Hoskins Stone
Jeremiah Townly Chase
James Brice
Samuel Turbutt Wright
Benjamin Stoddert

1782
Benjamin Stoddert
Gabriel Duvall
Jeremiah Townly Chase
James Brice
John Hoskins Stone

1783
Jeremiah Townly Chase, r
Gabriel Duvall, r
John Hoskins Stone
James Brice, r
Benjamin Ogle, r
John Davidson [9]
Charles Wallace [10]
James Brice, dcl [11]
Aquila Paca [12]
Samuel Turbutt Wright [13]

1784
Charles Wallace
Aquila Paca
John Davidson
John Hoskins Stone
Samuel Turbutt Wright

1785
Jeremiah Townly Chase
James Brice
Gabriel Duvall, r
John Kilty
Samuel Turbutt Wright
William Paca [14]

1786
Jeremiah Townly Chase
James Brice
James Hindman
John Kilty
John Davidson

1787
Jeremiah Townly Chase
James Brice
John Kilty
John Davidson
Benjamin Harrison

1788
James Brice
John Davidson
William Hindman
Josias C. Hall
John Kilty

1789
John Kilty
James Brice
John Davidson
William Hindman
Randolph B. Latimer

1790
Henry Ridgely
Randolph B. Latimer
John Davidson
William Hindman
John Kilty

1791
James Brice
Henry Ridgely
Randolph B. Latimer, dcl
John Hoskins Stone
John Davidson
Uriah Forrest [15]

1792
James Brice
John Kilty
Henry Ridgely
John Davidson
William Pinkney

1793
William Pinkney
John Davidson
James Brice
John Kilty, dcl
Henry Ridgely
Christopher Richmond [16]

1794
William Pinkney
John Davidson
James Brice
Henry Ridgely
William Kilty

1795
James Brice
Henry Ridgely
John Davidson
William Kilty
James Thomas

1796
William Kilty
James Thomas
John Davidson
James Brice
John Johnson

1797
John Davidson
James Thomas
Jonathan R. Wilmer
Arthur Shaaff
John Johnson

1798
Arthur Shaaff
John Davidson
James Brice
James Thomas
Jonathan R. Wilmer

1799
Thomas Buchanan
Arthur Shaaff
Jonathan R. Wilmer
James Thomas
John Davidson

1800
Thomas Buchanan
Arthur Shaaff
James Thomas
John Davidson
Samuel Ridout

1801
Francis Digges
Allen B. Duckett
Reverdy Ghiselin
Edward Hall
Davidson David

1802
Francis Digges
Allen B. Duckett
Edward Hall
Reverdy Ghiselin
Davidson David

1803
Allen B. Duckett
Francis Digges
Davidson David
Reverdy Ghiselin
Edward Hall

1804
Richard H. Harwood
Allen B. Duckett
Richard Tilghman Earle
Reverdy Ghiselin
Francis Digges

1805
Allen B. Duckett,
Reverdy Ghiselin
Richard Tilghman Earle
Francis Digges
Philip Reed

1806
Reverdy Ghiselin
Thomas W. Hall
Lewis Duvall
Philip Reed, r
James Nabb
James Butcher [17]

1807
James Butcher
Lewis Duvall
Thomas W. Hall
Reverdy Ghiselin
James Nabb

1808
James Butcher
Reverdy Ghiselin
Lewis Duvall
Thomas W. Hall
Benjamin Hodges

1809
James Butcher
George E. Mitchell
Thomas W. Hall
Reverdy Ghiselin
Lewis Duvall

1810
John Stephen
James Butcher
Reverdy Ghiselin
Thomas W. Hall
George E. Mitchell

1811
George E. Mitchell, r
John Stephen
James Butcher
Thomas W. Hall
Reverdy Ghiselin
James Nabb [18]

1812
Benjamin Stoddert, r
Alexander Contee Magruder
William H. Ward
William Bond Martin
Walter Dorsey, r
Thomas G. Addison [19]
Samuel Ridout [20]

1813
William Bond Martin
William H. Ward
Thomas G. Addison
Samuel Ridout
Alexander Contee Magruder

1814
Alexander Contee Magruder
William H. Ward
Thomas G. Addison
Samuel Ridout
John Murray

1815
Alexander Contee Magruder
James Shaw
Virgil Maxcy
John Murray
William H. Ward

1816
William Potter
Henry Henley Chapman
Richard Frisby
James Shaw
William H. Ward

1817
Daniel Murray
John Stoops
John E. Howard, Jr.
Henry A. Callis
Arnold E. Jones

1818
John E. Howard, Jr.
Henry Henley Chapman
Henry A. Callis
Arnold E. Jones,
John Stoops

1819
James Nabb
James Butcher
Grafton Duvall
John Stephen
Thomas H. Wilkinson

1820
John Stephen
Thomas H. Wilkinson
Grafton Duvall
John Stephen
James Nabb

1821
Israel D. Maulsby
James Butcher
Thomas H. Wilkinson
Nicholas Brewer
James Nabb

1822
Thomas Emory
Joshua Prideaux
Philemon Chew
Israel D. Maulsby
Nicholas Brewer

1823
Thomas Emory
Joshua Prideaux
Philemon Chew
Robert H. Archer
Nicholas Brewer

1824
Philemon Chew
Thomas Emory
Robert H. Archer
Joseph Gabby
Joshua Prideaux

1826
Joseph Gabby
William Steuart
Robert H. Archer
James Roberts [21]
Daniel Martin
John N. Steele [22]

1827
 Joseph Gabby
William Steuart
Daniel Martin
Otho Scott
Arnold E. Jones

1828
Daniel Martin
William Steuart
Thomas Davis
Arnold E. Jones
Rezin Estep

1829
Thomas Davis
Rezin Estep
Luke Tiernan, dcl
Littleton James Dennis
Thomas S. Thomas
George R. Richardson [23]

1830
Hugh McElderry
Robert D.C. Wright
Otho Scott, r
Benjamin E. Mackall
Robert Wason
John Forwood [24]

1831
George Howard
Thomas C. Worthington
Samuel Turner
Henry Page
William Potter

1832
William Potter
Thomas C. Worthington
Samuel Turner
George W. Purnell
Robert W. Bowie

1833
Samuel Turner
Thomas C. Worthington
John S. Martin
Robert W. Bowie
William Potter

1834
Samuel Mass
George C. Washington
John S. Martin
Thomas W. Veazey
Robert W. Bowie

1835
Thomas W. Veazey
George C. Washington
Nathaniel F. Williams
John S. Martin
Gwinn Harris

1836
Gwinn Harris
John McKenny
William F. Johnson
Nathaniel F. Williams
John C. Henry, r
William L. Jones [25]

1837
Gwinn Harris, dec
Nathaniel F. Williams
William F. Johnson
John McKenny
William L. Jones
Benedict I. Heard [26]

1838
Thomas G. Pratt
Benedict I. Heard
William F. Johnson
John McKenny
Thomas Holliday Hicks


Notes:

1. Maryland State Archives (Special Collections) Gov. Thomas W. Veazy to Col. Nathaniel T. Williams, Baltimore, 9 March 1838 [MSA SC 245, 00/10/02/41].
2. Elected in place of Carroll, March 26, 1777.
3. Elected in place of Contee, April 16, 1777.
4. Elected in place of Brice, April 19, 1777.
5. Elected in place of Sim, November 25, 1777.
6. Elected in place of Rogers, November 25, 1777.
7. Elected in place of Polk, November 25, 1777.
8. Elected in place of Hemsley, December 23, 1777.
9. Elected in place of Chase, January 5, 1784.
10. Elected in place of Brice, January 5, 1784.
11. Elected in place of Duvall, July 29, 1784.
12. Elected in place of Brice, August 4, 1784.
13. Elected in place of Ogle, April 3, 1784.
14. Elected in place of Duvall, April 27, 1786.
15. Elected in place of Latimer, December 31, 1791.
16. Elected in place of Kilty, November 23, 1793.
17. Elected in place of Reed, December 20,1806.
18. Elected in place of Mitchell, July 14, 1812.
19. Elected in place of Stoddert, November 24,1812.
20. Elected in place of Dorsey, June 15, 1813.
21. Dead when elected.
22. Elected in place of Roberts, January 3,1826.
23. Elected in place of Tiernan, January 27, 1829.
24. Elected in place of Scott, July 14, 1830.
25. Elected in place of Henry, July 27,1836.
26. Elected in place of Harris, October 17,1837.

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