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MAP #: 470H5

CARTOGRAPHER : HERRMAN, AUGUSTINE

DATE: 1970

SHORT TITLE : VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND

REMAINING TITLE & ID : AS IT IS PLANTED AND INHABITED THIS PRESENT YEAR 1670 SURVEYED AND EXACTLY DRAWNE BY THE ONLY LABOUR & ENDEAVOUR OF AUGUSTIN HERRMAN BOHEMIENSIS (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM LEFT). "PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF HIS MA.TIES ROYALL LICENCE AND PARTICULER PRIVILEDGE TO AUG. HERMAN AND THOMAS WITHIN=BROOK HIS ASSIGNEE FOR FOURTEEN YEARES FROM THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1673" (BOTTOM, TO THE LEFT OF CARTOUCHE). "SOLD BY JOHN SELLER, HYDROGRAPHER TO THE KING AT HIS SHOP IN ENCHANGE ALLY IN CORNHILL. LONDON." (UNDER CARTOUCHE WITH HERRMAN'S PORTRAIT, BOTTOM RIGHT CENTER). "W. FAITHORNE SCULPt." (BOTTOM TO RIGHT OF HERRMAN CARTOUCHE). ROYAL COAT OF ARMS (TOP CENTER). SCALES OF ENGLISH LEAGUES AND ENGLISH MILES (BOTTOM CENTER). PICTURE OF AUGUSTINE HERRMAN (RIGHT OF CENTER AT BOTTOM). 16 POINT COMPASS ROSE (LEFT OF CARTOUCHE). "COMPILED AND EDITED BY EDWARD H. RICHARDSON ASSOCIATES, INC. CONSULTING ENGINEERS OF NEWARK, DELAWARE. DETAILS PHOTO COPIED AND DRAFTED FROM COPIES OF ORIGINALS OWNED BY THE ROYAL BRITISH MUSEUM AND BY THE JOHN CARTER BROWN LIBRARY. SEPTEMBER 28th., 1970. D.L. WILLIS, P.E." LONGITUDE (NOT SHOWN). LATITUDE (BOTTOM BORDER).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1970(1673)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : NEWARK, DELAWARE
PUBLISHER : EDWARD H. RICHARDSON ASSOCIATES, INC.
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 78.7 X 92.0 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 89.4 X 104.0 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 470,000
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -

Md. HALL OF RECORDS #
1 : MSA SC1399-679 (1970 ED.)

HUNTINGFIELD ACQ.
# 1 : PLW012-GIFT (1970 ED.)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : AUGUSTINE HERRMAN MAP (12)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : W IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY SHADING.
CARTOUCHE : MONUMENT (18)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL FOR LATITUDE (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 173H5, 396H5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : VERNER'S NOTES ON HERRMAN. NONE ON THIS EDITION.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS A 1970 REPRODUCTION OF THE FAMOUS AUGUSTINE HERRMAN MAP OF 1673, REDUCED FROM 4 SHEETS TO ONE. THE MAP IS BASED ON REPRODUCTIONS OF THE JOHN CARTER BROWN AND THE BRITISH MUSEUM COPIES. THE ORIGINAL HERRMAN MAP IS THE MOST ACCURATE 17TH CENTURY MAP OF THE MIDDLE ATLANTIC COLONIES AND EMBODIES THE BEST SURVEYING IN THE COLONIES IN THAT CENTURY. IT SUCCEEDS SMITH'S MAP AS THE PROTOTYPE FOR SUBSEQUENT CHESAPEAKE CARTOGRAPHY AND REMAINS INFLUENTIAL UNTIL SUPERSEDED BY THE HOXTON CHART OF 1735 AND THE FRY & JEFFERSON MAP OF 1753. HERRMAN MADE NO ESSENTIAL CHANGES IN THE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE VIRGINIA AREA AS SMITH LAID IT DOWN IN 1612 AND MAY HAVE USED SMITH'S MAP AS A BASE MAP FROM WHICH TO WORK. THE DELAWARE BAY AND RIVER ARE ADDED, ENGLISH NAMES ARE SUBSTITUTED FOR OLD INDIAN ONES AND OLD DATA ARE CORRECTED AND VERIFIED.

IN 1659 HERRMAN WROTE TO CECIL CARVERT, 2ND LORD BALTIMORE, OFFERING TO MAKE AN ACCURATE MAP OF MARYLAND AND THE NEIGHBORING COLONIES IN EXCHANGE FOR A GRANT OF LAND. BOUNDARY DISPUTES WITH THE DUTCH,SWEDES AND VIRGINIANS MADE BALTIMORE AMENABLE TO THE PROPOSITION. HERRMAN CONSULTED WITH LOCAL SURVEYORS, LAND OFFICES, PLAT BOOKS AND SURVEYED THE SETTLED REGIONS HIMSELF TO CHECK THE ACCURACY OF THE SECOND HAND INFORMATION. AFTER SPENDING 10 YEARS HE PRODUCED AN AMAZINGLY ACCURATE MAP FOR ITS DAY AND RECEIVED 20,000 ACRES OF LAND IN EXCHANGE, WHICH HE CALLED BOHEMIA MANOR IN CECIL COUNTY. THE FIRST PRINTED VERSION APPEARED IN 1673. THE ENGRAVING WAS THE RESULT OF 3 YEARS OF WORK BY WILLIAM FAITHORNE (1616-1691). HERRMAN GOT THE 14 YEAR EQUIVALENT OF A COPYRIGHT ON THE PRINTED VERSION AND IT SEEMS LIKELY THAT THE MAP WAS PRINTED FOR ONLY LIMITED CIRCULATION. IT WAS TOO EXPENSIVE AND CUMBERSOME FOR THE AVERAGE MERCHANT OR TRAVELLER AND WAS ON FOUR LARGE SHEETS. A SMALL NUMBER OF THESE PRINTED MAPS WERE AVAILABLE BY 1674 AT ONE OF THE 3 LONDON SHOPS OF JOHN SELLER WHO ADVERTISED THEM IN THE LONDON GAZETTE.

DESPITE THE ROYALL LICENCE, HERRMAN'S MAP WAS PIRATED FREELY BY MANY ENGLISH AND EUROPEAN PUBLISHERS. CALVERT MADE FEW ATTEMPTS TO CURB THE PUBLICATION BECAUSE THE MAP STRETCHED THE MARYLAND BOUNDARIES TO INCLUDE TERRITORIES IN DELAWARE AND IN WHAT WAS TO BECOME PENNSYLVANIA.

DATA IS FROM VERNER, SANCHEZ-SAAVEDRA, FITE & FREEMAN, CUMMING AND PHILLIPS.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ONLY A SINGLE EDITION OF THE HERRMAN MAP IS KNOWN, ALTHOUGH THE MAP HAS BEEN REPRODUCED IN SHEET FORM SEVERAL TIMES. IT WAS MADE IN MANUSCRIPT IN 1671, BUT THE ORIGINAL WAS LOST. IT WAS ADVERTISED FOR SALE BY JOHN SELLER IN LONDON IN THE LONDON GAZETTE IN 1674. HOWEVER, IT IS THOUGHT THAT FEW COPIES WERE MADE. ITS SIZE AND CONSTRUCTION IN 4 SHEETS MADE IT IMPRACTICAL FOR USE BY NAVIGATORS AND TRAVELLERS. FIVE COPIES ARE NOW KNOWN. ONE IS IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM, TWO ARE IN THE BIBLIOTHEQUE NATIONALE IN PARIS, ONE IS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, WHICH WAS OBTAINED IN A TRADE WITH THE BIBLIOTHEQUE NATIONALE, & ONE IS IN THE JOHN CARTER BROWN LIBRARY. THE JCB COPY HAS A PRINTED SLIP PASTED BELOW THE HERRMAN PORTRAIT WITH THE IMPRINT OF JOHN SELLER, HYDROGRAPHER TO THE KING. THE JCB COPY WAS REPRODUCED IN 4 SHEETS AND PUBLISHED FROM 1941 TO 1967. THERE WAS A 4 SHEET REPRODUCTION WITH AN ESTIMATED DATE OF 1896, PUBLISHED IN ENGLAND, POSSIBLY BASED ON WORK OF A MARYLAND BOUNDARY COMMISSION AROUND THAT TIME. THE 1970 REPRODUCTION, DESCRIBED HEREIN, WAS DONE ON A SINGLE SHEET BY EDWARD H. RICHARDSON ASSOCIATES, INC., BASED ON THE JCB AND THE BRITISH MUSEUM COPIES.

DATA IS FROM VERNER, SANCHEZ-SAAVEDRA, FITE & FREEMAN, CUMMING, & PHILLIPS.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS THREE REPRODUCTIONS OF THIS MAP. THE REPRODUCTION DESCRIBED HEREIN IS ON 1 SHEET IN BLACK AND WHITE, DATED 1970, WITH AN ACQ. # OF PLW012-GIFT AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-679. ANOTHER ONE IS THE JCB FACSIMILE DATED 1967. IT WAS ORIGINALLY PRINTED IN 1941, THEN IN 1948 WAS PRINTED FROM A NEW PLATE, WHICH WAS REPRODUCED IN 1958 AND 1967. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A REPRODUCTION, WHICH THE DEALER DATED AS 1896, PUBLISHED IN ENGLAND. WE HAVE NOT GAINED ANY INDEPENDENT CONFIRMATION OF THIS. ED PAPENFUSE STATED THAT THERE WAS A MARYLAND BOUNDARY COMMISSION AROUND THAT TIME THAT REPRODUCED THE MAP, SO THAT MAY HAVE BEEN THE SOURCE. THE 4 SHEET REPRODUCTION IS JOINED TO MAKE A SINGLE SHEET 31" X 37" AND IS ON THIN PAPER. THE MAP HAS AN ACQ. # OF A016-TLD. FINALLY, THE COLLECTION HAS A PHOTOGRAPHIC REPRODUCTION ON A REDUCED SCALE OF THE COPY IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM, OBTAINED FROM ED PAPENFUSE.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : ARCHER, THE DISMEMBERMENT OF MARYLAND, BALTIMORE: 1890; BAER, ELIZABETH, SEVENTEENTH CENTURY MARYLAND. A BIBLIOGRAPHY, BALTIMORE: JOHN WORK GARRETT LIBRARY, 1949, 75-6, # 74; BLACK, JEANETTE D., THE BLATHWAYT ATLAS, II, PROVIDENCE: BROWN UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1975, 109-118; CAPEK,T. AUGUSTINE HERRMAN OF BOHEMIA MANOR, PRAGUE: 1930; CUMMING, WILLIAM P., THE SOUTHEAST IN EARLY MAPS, CHAPEL HILL, N.C: UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS, 1962, 152-153, # 72; CUMMING, WILLIAM P., "EARLY MAPS OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY", IN EARLY MARYLAND IN A WIDER WORLD, D.B. QUINN, ed., DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 289-293; HECK, E.L.W., AUGUSTINE HERRMAN..., ENGLEWOOD, OHIO: 1941; JOHN CARTER BROWN LIBRARY ANNUAL REPORTS 1929-1930, 10-15; KUETH, J.L., MARYLAND HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, VOL. XXX, #4, DEC., 1935, 310-325; MALLERY, C.P., "FAMILIES OF BOHEMIA MANOR", IN DELAWARE HISTORICAL SOCIETY PAPERS # 7, WILMINGTON: DELAWARE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 1888; MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "MAPS AND MAP-MAKERS OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SPECIAL PUBLICATION VOL. II, PART IIIb, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1898; PAPENFUSE, EDWARD C. & JOSEPH M. COALE III, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608-1908, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 11-19; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, THE RARE MAP OF VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND BY AUGUSTINE HERRMAN, WASHINGTON: LOUDERMILK & CO., 1911; RISTOW, WALTER W., LIBRARY OF CONGRESS INFORMATION BULLETIN VOL. 19, WASHINGTON: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, # 19, MAY 9, 1960, 223-224; SANCHEZ-SAAVEDRA, E. M., A DESCRIPTION OF THE COUNTRY. VIRGINIA'S CARTOGRAPHERS AND THEIR MAPS 1607-1881, RICHMOND: VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY, 1975, 15-24; SCHWARTZ, SEYMOUR I. & RALPH E. EHRENBERG, THE MAPPING OF AMERICA, NEW YORK: HARRY N. ABRAMS, INC., 1980, 118-119, PL. 67; SCISCO, L.D., "NOTES ON AUGUSTINE HERRMAN'S MAP", IN MARYLAND HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, VOL. XXXIII, NO. 4, DEC., 1938, 343-351; TANSILL, C.C., THE PENNSYLVANIA-MARYLAND BOUNDARY CONTROVERSY, WASHINGTON: 1915; VALLANDINGHAM, E.N., THE LORD OF BOHEMIA MANOR, OR IN NEW YORK SUN OF OCTOBER 23, 1892; VERNER, COOLIE, UNPUBLISHED NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA.

March 27, 1992


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