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MAP #: 381U5

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY

DATE: 1881

SHORT TITLE : SKETCH SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY IN SECTION NO. III

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM 1843 TO 1881 SCALE 1/400,000 JUNE 30, 1881 (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "UNITED STATES COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY" (ABOVE TITLE). "NO. 8" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). "PLATE NO. 62" (CENTER TOP MARGIN). SCALE IN STATUTE MILES (CENTER BOTTOM MARGIN). SCALE IN KILOMETERS (BELOW STATUTE MILE SCALE). "NOTES" TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS, SYMBOLS AND LINES (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). THE SKETCH IS WIDER AT THE BOTTOM THAN AT THE TOP (57.8 CM. AT THE TOP AND 58.8 CM. AT THE BOTTOM). THE ENGRAVING EXTENDS THROUGH THE NEAT LINE ON THE LEFT, TOP AND RIGHT MARGINS. THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1883
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 86.8 X 57.8 CM. (BETWEEN NEAT LINES)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 94.3 X 66.6 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 400,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 40 STATUTE MILES = 15.9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-585
# 2 : MSA SC1399-641
# 3 : MSA SC1399-642
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : C015-2U1
# 2 : B014-HD
# 3 : B014-DHH
REGION CATEGORY : CHART ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS. (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : U.S.C.S. CHART (4)
: PROGRESS SKETCH (20)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE CHART.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOAL SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY SHADING AND BY DOTTED LINES.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE FISCAL 1881 USC&GS ANNUAL REPORT IS THE ONLY SOURCE FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS SKETCH OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AREA WAS ISSUED AS SKETCH NO. 8 TO ILLUSTRATE THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE U.S. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE WORK DURING THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING WITH JUNE, 1881. IT GIVES THE MAJOR AND SECONDARY TRIANGULATION LINES FOR THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ITS RIVERS. THE SKETCH ALSO SHOWS BY DOTTED LINES THE AERIAL EXTENT OF MORE DETAILED SHEETS OF THE TOPOGRAPHY AND HYDROGRAPHY, WHICH WERE DONE IN MANUSCRIPT AND NEVER PUBLISHED OR ISSUED TO THE PUBLIC, TOGETHER WITH THEIR NUMBERS AND DATES OF EXECUTION. ASTRONOMICAL, MAGNETIC, TIDAL AND CURRENT STATIONS IN USE ARE NOTED.,

IN FISCAL 1880-1881, WORK CONTINUED ON THE HYDROGRAPHY OF THE INLAND WATERS LYING ALONG THE COASTS OF MARYLAND AND DELAWARE, NORTH OF CHINCOTEAGUE INLET AND EXTENDED TO A POINT ABOVE SNOW HILL PUBLIC LANDING, 20 MILES FROM THE ENTRANCE TO THE BAY. DURING THE YEAR, THE INVESTIGATION OF THE OYSTER BEDS IN THE CHESAPEAKE BAY WAS AGAIN PROSECUTED, AFTER A ONE-YEAR LAPSE. THE STUDY BEGAN IN 1878 UNDER THE DIRECTION OF LIEUT. FREDERICK COLLINS, USN, WAS TAKEN UP BY MASTER FRANCIS WINSLOW, USN AND IN JANUARY, 1880 BY ASSISTANT GERSHOM BRADFORD. ITS PURPOSE WAS TO ASCERTAIN THE LOCATION AND AREA OF OYSTER BEDS, THEIR PRESENT CONDITION, THE QUANTITY OF OYSTERS ON EACH AND, WHERE DETERIORIATION EXISTS, ITS CAUSES AND ITS REMEDY.

A RESURVEY OF CHINCOTEAGUE SHOALS WAS MADE AND CONSIDERABLE CHANGES WERE REPORTED. THE TRIANGULATION IN THE SOUTHERN PORTION WAS BEGUN. A SURVEY OF THE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA WAS BEGUN AND WORK WAS UNDERTAKEN TO MAKE A DETAILED TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY OF THE LOCALITY SELECTED FOR ERECTION OF THE NEW NAVAL OBSERVATORY NEAR GEORGETOWN, D.C.

DURING THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1881, GENERAL CHART IV, CAPE MAY TO CAPE HENRY RECEIVED ADDITIONS. COAST CHARTS 28 AND 31, ISLE OF WIGHT TO CHINCOTEAGUE INLET AND ENTRANCE TO CHESAPEAKE, HAMPTON ROADS, ETC., RESPECTIVELY, WERE COMPLETED. HARBOR CHARTS NO. 384, PATAPSCO RIVER, MARYLAND, NO. 401a-c REPRESENTING SHEETS 1-3 OF THE JAMES RIVER, AND AN UNNUMBERED CHART OF THE UPPER POTOMAC RIVER (GREAT FALLS TO SHEPHERDSTOWN) ALL RECEIVED ADDITIONS. HARBOR CHART 404a, NORFOLK CITY TO LYNN HAVEN RIVER, VIRGINIA, WAS COMPLETED BY PHOTOLITHOGRAPH. PLANE TABLE SHEETS OF NORFOLK CITY FRONT, VIRGINIA, JAMES RIVER BELOW RICHMOND (IN 2 SHEETS), CAPE CHARLES, VIRGINIA AND MOB JACK BAY, VIRGINIA WERE DONE. PLATES 1616 AND 1617 OF THE LOWER AND UPPER CHESAPEAKE BAY ON A SCALE OF 1/400,000 WERE COMPLETED AND PUBLISHED IN DECEMBER, 1880. STANDARD PRINTING PLATES 453, DELAWARE AND CHESAPEAKE BAYS; 1620, PATAPSCO RIVER; 784, PATUXENT RIVER, LOWER; 863, PATUXENT RIVER POINT JUDITH TO NOTTINGHAM; 1171, POTOMAC RIVER SHEET 1, ENTRANCE TO PINEY POINT; AND 1314, POTOMAC RIVER, SHEET 4, INDIAN HEAD TO GEORGETOWN RECEIVED ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS.

DATA IS FROM THE FISCAL 1881 USC&GS ANNUAL REPORT AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : INFORMAL REPORTS WERE MADE ANNUALLY BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY FROM 1816 THROUGH 1850. THESE WERE PUBLISHED BY THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT AND WERE SENT TO CONGRESS. BEGINNING WITH 1851, THESE PROGRESS REPORTS BECAME MORE FORMAL. THEY WERE PRODUCED IN MUCH LARGER QUANTITY AND WERE MORE WIDELY DISTRIBUTED TO SCHOOLS AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS AND INDIVIDUALS IN ADDITION TO CONGRESS. THE U.S. COAST SURVEY BECAME THE PUBLISHER BEGINNING IN 1851. THE WIDER DISSEMINATION WAS AN ATTEMPT BY THE AGENCY TO BUILD A WIDER BASE OF SUPPORT FOR THE ACTIVITIES OF THE COAST SURVEY. BEGINNING IN 1844, THESE REPORTS DESCRIBED IN CONSIDERABLE DETAIL THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY INCLUDING IN SECTION III, WHICH PRIMARILY CONSISTED OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND THE OCEAN FRONT OF DELAWARE, MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. ANNUAL PROGRESS SKETCHES WERE APPENDED, SHOWING THE EXTENT OF THE TRIANGULATION, TOPOGRAPHY, HYDROGRAPHY AND OTHER WORK ACCOMPLISHED UP TO THAT TIME.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS THREE GOOD COPIES ON THIN PAPER WITH FULL MARGINS AND ONLY SLIGHTLY BROWNING ALONG THE FOLDS. THE FIRST HAS AN ACQ. # OF C015-2U1 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-585. THE SECOND COPY HAS AN ACQ. # OF B014-HD AND A MdHR # OF MSA SC1399-641. THE THIRD COPY HAS AN ACQ. # OF B014-DHH AND A MdHR # OF MSA SC1399-642.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST & GEODETIC SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE U.S. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE WORK DURING THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING WITH JUNE, 1881, WASHINGTON: U.S. COAST & GEODETIC SURVEY, 1883, 2, 3, 5, 22-28, 68-69, 81, 82, 85, 88, 89.

March 16, 1992


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