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MAP #: 377U5

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1877

SHORT TITLE : SKETCH SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY IN SECTION III

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM 1843 TO 1877 SCALE 1/400,000 1877 (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "U.S. COAST SURVEY" (ABOVE TITLE). "NO. 6" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). "PLATE NO. 62" (CENTER TOP MARGIN). SCALE OF STATUTE MILES (CENTER BOTTOM MARGIN). SCALE OF KILOMETERS (BELOW STATUTE MILE SCALE). "NOTES" TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS, SYMBOLS AND LINES (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). ENGRAVING EXTENDS INTO LEFT, RIGHT AND TOP MARGINS THROUGH THE NEAT LINES. THE SKETCH IS WIDER AT THE BOTTOM THAN AT THE TOP (58 CM. AT TOP AND 59 CM. AT BOTTOM). THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1880
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 86.5 X 58.0 CM. (BETWEEN NEAT LINES)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 94.7 X 74.2 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 400,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 40 STATUTE MILES = 15.9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-633
# 2 : MSA SC1399-584
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : B014-DL
# 2 : C015-2U1
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS. (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS TYPE CHART (4)
: PROGRESS SKETCH (20)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE CHART.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOAL SOUNDINGS ARE IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES AND BY SHADING.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE 1877 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS IS THE ONLY SOURCE FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS SKETCH OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AREA WAS ISSUED AS SKETCH NO. 6 TO ILLUSTRATE THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE WORK DURING THE YEAR ENDING WITH JUNE, 1877. IT GIVES TRIANGULATION LINES FOR THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ITS RIVERS. THE SKETCH ALSO SHOWS BY DOTTED LINES THE AERIAL EXTENT OF MORE DETAILED SHEETS OF THE TOPOGRAPHY AND HYDROGRAPHY, WHICH WERE DONE IN MANUSCRIPT AND NEVER PUBLISHED OR ISSUED TO THE PUBLIC, TOGETHER WITH THEIR NUMBERS AND DATES OF EXECUTION. ASTRONOMICAL, MAGNETIC, TIDAL AND CURRENT STATIONS IN USE ARE NOTED.

IN FISCAL 1876-7, A SPECIAL SURVEY WAS MADE OF THE BALTIMORE HARBOR, PAID FOR BY A SPECIAL APPROPRIATION FROM THE STATE OF MARYLAND. A CAREFUL TRIANGULATION WAS MADE BY ASSISTANT J.W. DONN IN JULY AND AUGUST, 1876. SUBSEQUENTLY, THE ENTIRE WHARF-LINE WAS MEASURED AS A CHECK AND FOR COMPARISON WITH THE DETERMINATIONS OF THE PLANE-TABLE. TIDE STATIONS WERE ESTABLISHED. SOUNDINGS BEGAN IN EARLY OCTOBER. AFTER A PERIOD WHEN WORK WAS STOPPED FOR BAD WEATHER, ON THE 1st OF JUNE, 1877, WORK RESUMED. SOME 17,400 SOUNDINGS WERE MADE. SOME 1443 ANGLES WERE MEASURED FOR DETERMINING THE POSITION OF THE BOAT WHILE SOUNDING IN MIDWATER. THE WORK WAS COMPLETED ON FIVE TOPOGRAPHICAL AND 5 HYDROGRAPHIC SHEETS.

WORK WAS DONE IN THE FISCAL YEAR TO ASSIST THE BOUNDARY COMMISSIONERS OF MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA IN CONNECTION WITH THEIR WORK OF DETERMINING THE MARYLAND-VIRGINIA BOUNDARY IN THE VICINITY OF SMITH'S ISLAND.

THERE WAS A RESUMPTION OF WORK ON THE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE JAMES RIVER AND THE PLANE-TABLE SURVEY EASTWARD FROM NORFOLK TO KEMPVILLE WAS EXTENDED. ALL THE ROADS WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE PLANE-TABLE SHEET WERE TRACED AND MAPPED.

ADDITIONS WERE MADE TO COAST CHART NO. 31, ENTRANCE TO CHESAPEAKE BAY, HAMPTON ROADS, ETC. AND TO COAST CHART NO. 36, MAGOTHY RIVER TO HEAD OF BAY, AND TO THE CHART OF HAMPTON ROADS, VIRGINIA. A CHART ENTITLED HAMPTON ROADS AND NORFOLK HARBOR, VIRGINIA, ON A SCALE OF 1-30,000 WAS BEGUN. THE JAMES RIVER CHARTS NOS. 1 AND 2 ON A 1-40,000 SCALE WERE COMPLETED AS WERE TWO SIMILAR CHARTS ON A 1-50,000 SCALE, WHICH WERE DONE BY PHOTOLITHOGRAPH.

DATA IS FROM THE 1877 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : INFORMAL REPORTS WERE MADE ANNUALLY BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY FROM 1816 THROUGH 1850. THESE WERE PUBLISHED BY THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT AND WERE SENT TO CONGRESS. BEGINNING WITH 1851, THESE PROGRESS REPORTS BECAME MORE FORMAL. THEY WERE PRODUCED IN MUCH LARGER QUANTITY AND WERE MORE WIDELY DISTRIBUTED TO SCHOOLS AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS AND INDIVIDUALS IN ADDITION TO CONGRESS. THE U.S. COAST SURVEY BECAME THE PUBLISHER BEGINNING IN 1851. THE WIDER DISSEMINATION WAS AN ATTEMPT BY THE AGENCY TO BUILD A WIDER BASE OF SUPPORT FOR THE ACTIVITIES OF THE COAST SURVEY. BEGINNING IN 1844, THESE REPORTS DESCRIBED IN CONSIDERABLE DETAIL THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY INCLUDING IN SECTION III, WHICH PRIMARILY CONSISTED OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND THE OCEAN FRONT OF DELAWARE, MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. ANNUAL PROGRESS SKETCHES WERE APPENDED, SHOWING THE EXTENT OF THE TRIANGULATION, TOPOGRAPHY, HYDROGRAPHY AND OTHER WORK ACCOMPLISHED UP TO THAT TIME.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY ON THIN PAPER WITH SOME BROWNING AT THE FOLDS. THERE IS A TEAR ALONG THE FOLD ON THE LEFT SIDE. THE FOLDS HAVE BEEN STRENGTHENED WITH WHITE TAPE ON THE BACK AT PLACES AND ALONG THE LEFT EDGE. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF C015-2U1 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399- 584. IN ADDITION THE COLLECTION HAS ANOTHER COPY ON THIN PAPER WITH "No. 8" IN THE LEFT TOP MARGIN. IT HAS SOME BROWNING ON THE FOLDS. ITS ACQ. # IS B014-DL AND ITS MdHR # IS MSA SC1399-633.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE WORK FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING WITH JUNE, 1877, SENATE EX. DOC. No. 12, 45th. CONGRESS, 2d. SESSION, WASHINGTON: GOVERNENT PRINTING OFFICE, 1880, 4, 6, 22-26, 72, 80.

February 20, 1993


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