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MAP #: 376G6

CARTOGRAPHER : GRAY, O.W.

DATE: 1876

SHORT TITLE : BALTIMORE

REMAINING TITLE & ID : (NO CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "68" (BOTTOM RIGHT MARGIN, ORIENTED TO THE LEFT). THERE IS NO ENTERED STATEMENT. SCALE IN MILES AND YARDS (CENTER BOTTOM, SCALE 1 MILE = 6.9 CM.). 4 POINT COMPASS ROSE (TOP RIGHT CORNER). THE WATER AREAS ARE DEPICTED BY SHORE-CONFORMING PARALLEL LINES. THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. THE PAPER HAS NO WATERMARK. LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE (NOT SHOWN).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1876 (1855)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : JOHN W. LYON & CO.
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 30.3 X 37.9 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 24,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 1 MILE = 6.9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : G3844 .B2 1876 .G71
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-872 (REPRO)
# 2 : MSA SC1399-109 (1855 ISSUE)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-875 (1857 REPRO)
# 4 : MSA SC1399-876 (1858 REPRO)
# 5 : MSA SC1399-877 (1859 REPRO)
# 6 : MSA SC1399-874 (1861 REPRO)
# 7 : MSA SC1399-873 (1865 REPRO)
# 8 : MSA SC1399-871 (1871 REPRO)
# 9 : MSA SC1399-240 (1875 ISSUE)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : -
# 2 : BB023-2N (1855 ISSUE)
# 3 : - (1857 REPRO)
# 4 : - (1858 REPRO)
# 5 : - (1859 REPRO)
# 6 : - (1861 REPRO)
# 7 : - (1865 REPRO)
# 8 : - (1871 REPRO)
# 9 : U020-G (1875 ISSUE)
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED MAP OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : BALTIMORE MAP (10)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : PLAIN (2)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 355C5, 357C6, 358C6, 359C5, 361C5, 365C5, 371C5, 375G5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : RISTOW, PHILLIPS ATLASES AND THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESSS REPROS ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP WAS PROBABLY AUTHORED BY GEORGE WOOLWORTH COLTON AND FIRST APPEARED IN COLTON'S ATLAS OF THE WORLD IN 1855. IT CONTINUED TO APPEAR IN LATER EDITIONS OF COLTON'S GENERAL ATLAS, PUBLISHED BY J.H. COLTON & CO. AND SUCCESSOR COMPANIES, WITH RELATIVELY LITTLE CHANGE ON THE MAP OTHER THAN FOR THE TITLE, IMPRINT, PLATE NUMBER AND BORDER. THIS SAME MAP IN 1875 WAS IN GRAY'S ATLAS OF THE UNITED STATES, PHILADELPHIA: O.W. GRAY, AND IN LATER EDITIONS OF THIS WORK. THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN WAS IN THE 1876 EDITION OF GRAY'S ATLAS OF THE UNITED STATES. THE 1875 AND 1876 ISSUES WERE EXTENSIVELY REVISED FROM EARLIER COLTON ISSUES TO REFLECT MAJOR PARKS, CHANGED RAILROAD ROUTES, ADDED STREET NAMES, ETC. THE DIFFERENT DISTRICTS ARE SHOWN SEPARATELY COLORED.

J. H. COLTON & CO. WAS, ACCORDING TO RISTOW, PROBABLY FOUNDED BY JOSEPH HUTCHINS COLTON IN NEW YORK CITY IN 1831. THE EARLIEST IMPRINTS OF THE FIRM ARE DATED 1833. COLTON WAS BORN IN 1800 IN LONGMEADOW, MASS. HE HAD LITTLE FORMAL EDUCATION OR TRAINING IN GEOGRAPHY OR CARTOGRAPHY AND HIS PRINCIPAL CONTRIBUTION TO THE SUCCESS OF THE FIRM WAS IN ADMINISTRATION, MANAGEMENT AND DISTRIBUTION. FOR THE FIRST 10 OR 15 YEARS OF OPERATION, COLTON PURCHASED COPYRIGHTS OF MAPS PREPARED BY OTHERS. IN 1855, THE FIRST VOLUME OF COLTON'S ATLAS OF THE WORLD ILLUSTRATING PHYSICAL AND RAILROAD GEOGRAPHY... WAS RELEASED. SINCE THERE WERE NO PLATE MARKS, THE ENGRAVED MAPS WERE PROBABLY TRANSFERRED TO LITHOGRAPHIC STONES. COLOR WAS MANUALLY APPLIED. VOLUME 2 WAS PUBLISHED IN 1856, COVERING EUROPE, ASIA, AFRICA, OCEANIA, ETC. THE ATLAS OF THE WORLD WAS DISCONTINUED AFTER TWO EDITIONS, POSSIBLY BECAUSE OF ITS HIGH PRICE, AND WAS REPLACED IN 1857 BY COLTON'S GENERAL ATLAS IN ONE VOLUME, WITH THE MAPS DONE ON STEEL PLATES. MOST OF THE MAPS IN THE GENERAL ATLAS DUPLICATE THOSE IN THE EARLIER ATLAS OF THE WORLD, BUT DO NOT HAVE DECORATIVE BORDERS IN ORDER TO REDUCE THEIR SIZE, UNTIL THE 1860 EDITION. NOT MUCH IS KNOWN ABOUT GRAY. HIS EARLIEST RECORDED ATLAS WAS IN 1869. HE WAS FROM DANIELSONVILLE, CONNECTICUT WHERE HE WAS A CIVIL ENGINEER AND TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEYOR.

DATA IS FROM RISTOW, OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION AND IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND FROM PHILLIPS ATLASES.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THIS MAP APPEARED BY VARIOUS NAMES FROM 1855 AT LEAST THROUGH 1876 AND PROBABLY LONGER. WE HAVE EXAMINED COPIES THROUGH 1876 IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

1855 ISSUE - TITLE "CITY OF BALTIMORE MARYLAND. PUBLISHED BY J.H.COLTON & CO. No. 172 WILLIAM St. NEW YORK." PLATE "No. 23". DECORATIVE BORDER IS INTERTWINED PLASTER STRAPPING. MAP DATED 1855 IN IMPRINT. SEE MAP # 355C5.

1857 ISSUE - SAME AS 1855 ISSUE EXCEPT THAT THE BORDER IS PLAIN. APPEARED IN COLTON'S GENERAL ATLAS IN 1857. PLATE "No. 25." SEE MAP # 357C6.

1858 ISSUE - SAME AS 1857 ISSUE EXCEPT THAT CITY BLOCKS ARE STIPPLED INSTEAD OF PLAIN. PLATE "No. 25." PHILLIPS # 827. SEE MAP # 358C6.

1859 ISSUE - TITLE CHANGED TO "COLTON'S CITY OF BALTIMORE MARYLAND. PUBLISHED BY JOHNSON & BROWNING, 172 WILLIAM St. NEW YORK." SAME IMPRINT AS 1855, 1857 AND 1858 ISSUES. SAME BORDER AS 1855 ISSUE. APPROXIMATELY THE SAME DATA ON THE MAP. PLATE "No. 23." SEE MAP # 359C5.

1861 ISSUE - TITLE READS "...PUBLISHED BY J.H. COLTON,No. 172 WILLIAM St. NEW YORK.", ELSE SAME AS 1859 ISSUE. PLATE "No. 23." SEE MAP # 361C5.

1865 ISSUE - TITLE NOW READS "...PUBLISHED BY J.H. COLTON--No. 172 WILLIAM St. NEW YORK.", ELSE LIKE THE 1861 ISSUE. PLATE "No. 41." SEE MAP # 365C5.

1871 ISSUE - TITLE NOW READS "... PUBLISHED BY G.W. AND C.B. COLTON & CO..." ELSE THE SAME AS THE 1859, 1861 AND 1865 ISSUES. PLATE "No. 43." SEE MAP # 371C5.

1875 ISSUE - THE TITLE NOW READS "BALTIMORE". EXTENSIVE CHANGES OCCURRED ON THE MAP ITSELF. SEE MAP # 375G5.

1876 ISSUE - SAME AS 1875 ISSUE. PLATE # "68." APPEARED IN GRAYS ATLAS OF THE UNITED STATES, PHILADELPHIA: JOHN W. LYON & CO., 1876. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

EDITIONS OF COLTON'S GENERAL ATLAS APPEARED THROUGH 1888. THE EDITIONS AFTER 1871 NEED TO BE REVIEWED IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

DATA IS FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION AND IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND FROM PHILLIPS ATLASES.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A FAIR COPY OF THIS MAP ON HEAVY PAPER WITH SOME BROWNING AND MARGINAL TEARS AND ONE TEAR, BADLY REPAIRED ON THE BACK WITH IMPROPER TAPE THAT EXTENDS 2 1/2 INCHES INSIDE THE RIGHT NEAT LINE. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF U020-G AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-240. THE COLLECTION HAS A BEAUTIFUL COPY IN ORIGINAL COLOR WITH FULL MARGINS OF THE 1855 ISSUE. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF BB023-2N AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-109. IN ADDITION, THE COLLECTION HAS XEROX COPIES OF THE ISSUES FOR 1855, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1861, 1865, 1871, 1875 AND 1876 FROM THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM, ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD, A 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, # 816, 827, 856, 866, 1182, 1386, 3564, 4342, 4348, 4354, 4357, 4359; KARPINSKI, LOUIS C., MAPS OF FAMOUS CARTOGRAPHERS DEPICTING NORTH AMERICA, AMSTERDAM: MERIDIAN PUBLISHING CO., 1977, 280-283 (NOTE DECORATIVE BORDERS IN ILLUSTRATIONS); RISTOW, WALTER W., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS COMMERCIAL CARTOGRAPHY IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1985, 313-326, 427, 429-30.

October 31, 1991


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