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MAP #: 368U7

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1868

SHORT TITLE : POTOMAC RIVER/ (IN FOUR SHEETS)/ SHEET NO. 2/

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM PINEY POINT TO LOWER CEDAR POINT/ FROM A TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY/ UNDER THE DIRECTION OF A.D. BACHE AND BENJAMIN PIERCE SUPERINTENDENTS OF THE/ SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES/ TRIANGULATION BY JOHN FARLEY ASSIST. FAIRMAN ROGERS ACTG. ASSIST., C. FERGUSON AND F.P. WEBBER SUB-ASSISTS./ TOPOGRAPHY BY J. MECHAN AND J.W. DONN SUB-ASSISTS./ HYDROGRAPHY BY THE PARTIES UNDER THE COMMAND OF COMDR. W.T.MUSE AND LIEUT. COMDR. T.S. PHELPS U.S.N. ASSISTANTS/ AND J.W. DONN SUB- ASSIST./ SCALE 1/60,000/ 1868 (RIGHT OF CENTER BOTTOM). "NO. 11" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). "REDd. DRng. BY L.D. WILLIAMS AND A. LINDENKOHL" (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). "ENGd. BY A.MAEDEL H.S. BARNARD AND A. PETERSEN" (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). SCALES IN STATUTE AND NAUTICAL MILES (LEFT OF TITLE). "THE TRIANGULATION WAS EXECUTED IN 1860 '62 & '67 THE TOPOGRAPHY...do... IN 1858 '59 '60 '62 & '68 THE HYDROGRAPHY...do...IN 1860 '62" & '68 (BELOW SCALES). NOTES AND/OR TABLES ON "LIGHT HOUSE", "TIDES", "SOUNDINGS", AND "ABBREVIATIONS OF BOTTOMS" (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER, IN THE ORDER SHOWN). "ELECTROTYPE COPY No. 1 BY G. MATHIOT U.S.C." (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). SYMBOL OF COAST SURVEY OFFICE, WITH "PRICE $1" BENEATH IT AND "VERIFIED", SIGNED BY J.E. HILGARD, "ASSIST. COAST SURVEY IN CHARGE OF OFFICE." (BELOW AND TO RIGHT OF TITLE). CHART EXTENDS THROUGH LIGHT NEAT LINES ON RIGHT AND LEFT. HEAVY NEAT LINES ARE AT THE TOP AND BOTTOM. THE LIGHT NEAT LINES ARE WHERE THIS SHEET JOINS WITH SHEETS 1 AND 3, RESPECTIVELY. COMPASS ROSES (BOTTOM LEFT AND TOP RIGHT). CHART IS ORIENTED WITH NE AT THE TOP. LONGITUDE FROM GREENWICH (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1868 (1862)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 58.3 X 73.1 CM.(BETWEEN NEAT LINES)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 63.2 X 79.9 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 60,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 5 STATUTE MILES = 13.3 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-934
# 2 : MSA SC1399-570 (1862 ED.)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-655 (1862 ED.)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : NOAA010-GIFT
# 2 : C015-2U1 (1862 ED.)
# 3 : B014-H1 (1862 ED.)
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED CHART OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : U.S.C.S. CHART (4)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1 OF 4
MAP ORIENTATION : NE IS AT THE TOP OF THE CHART.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN IN SHADING.
: BOTTOM CONDITIONS ARE INDICATED.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 362U7, 368U6, 404U5 (ALL SHEET 1), 362UA (SHEET 2), 363U7, 402U5 (BOTH SHEET 3), 364U4 (SHEET 4), 484N8 (ED. 24, CHART 12286), 489N4 (ED. 25, CHART 12286).
BEST INFO SOURCE : NOAA CHART HISTORY CARD FOR CHARTS 389, 558, AND 12286.
DESCRIPTION : THIS U.S. COAST SURVEY CHART IS THE REVISED 1868 EDITION OF A PRELIMINARY 1862 CHART COVERING FROM PINEY POINT TO LOWER CEDAR POINT IN THE POTOMAC RIVER. IT WAS THE SECOND SHEET FROM EAST OF FOUR SHEETS COVERING THE NAVIGABLE POTOMAC RIVER. THIS 1868 EDITION IS MUCH MORE COMPLETE THAN THE ONE DATED 1862 THAT WAS NOT RELEASED TO THE PUBLIC UNTIL AFTER THE CIVIL WAR IN 1866. BOTH THE TOPOGRAPHY ANBD HYDROGRAPHY ARE FILLED IN WHEREAS THERE WERE UNFINISHED AREAS IN THE PRELIMINARY EDITION. THE COPY OF THE 1868 CHART IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION IS ON THIN PAPER AND IS FROM THE 1868 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS RELEASED IN 1871. THE "No. 11" IN THE LEFT TOP MARGIN REFLECTS THAT THIS WAS THE 11TH SKETCH IN THAT REPORT. MUCH OF THE ADDITIONAL WORK WAS DONE BY A PARTY UNDER THE COMMAND OF J.W. DONN, SUB-ASSISTANT. IT IS INTERESTING THAT THE PRICE SHOWN ON THE CHART WENT FROM 40 CENTS IN 1866 TO $1 IN 1871.

THE 1863 ANNUAL REPORT INDICATES THAT THE HYDROGRAPHY OF THE PRELIMINARY CHART WAS DONE PRIMARILY BY LIEUT. COMDG. T.S. PHELPS IN THE STEAMER CORWIN. REGARDING THE BOTTOMS, PHELPS REPORTED THAT THE LUMPS ON THE BOTTOMS BETWEEN CEDAR POINT AND COB POINT ARE ABRUPT AND MOSTLY CONE SHAPED AND COMPOSED PRINCIPALLY OF OYSTERS AND SAND. TEN FEET WAS THE LEAST WATER FOUND ON THEM. HE REPORTED FURTHER THAT "THE SOUTHERN BANK OF THE POTOMAC WAS TRAVERSED BY BANDS OF REBEL SOLDIERS WHILE THE PARTY IN THE CORWIN WAS PROSECUTING THE HYDROGRAPHY, BUT THOUGH OFTEN WITHIN GUNSHOT, THE BOAT PARTIES WERE IN NO INSTANCE MOLESTED. THESE BANDS WERE SUPPOSED TO BE CONCERNED IN RECEIVING AND AIDING THE CONTRABAND TRAFFIC ACROSS THE RIVER. THE BANDS UNDOUBTEDLY ACCOUNT FOR THE INCOMPLETE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE SOUTHERN SHORE.

IN DECEMBER, 1877 A NEW PLATE, # 1171, WAS ISSUED AND A MORE COMPLETE EDITION PUBLISHED. THAT PLATE WAS TWICE REVISED THROUGH AUGUST, 1906 BEFORE BEING CANCELLED AND REPLACED BY CHART 558.

DATA IS FROM THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARD FOR CHARTS 389, 588, AND 12286 AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THE PRELIMINARY EDITION OF CHART, # 389 WAS RELEASED TO THE NAVY IN 1862 ON HEAVY PAPER FOR USE IN THE CIVIL WAR. IT WAS NOT UNTIL THE USCS ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1864, PUBLISHED IN 1866, THAT THE CHART WAS MADE GENERALLY AVAILABLE. A MORE FINISHED VERSION OF THE PLATE WAS PUBLISHED IN THE 1868 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS, PRINTED IN 1871. IN DECEMBER, 1877 A NEW PLATE, # 1171, WAS ISSUED AND A MORE COMPLETE EDITION WAS PUBLISHED. THAT PLATE WAS TWICE REVISED THROUGH AUGUST, 1906 BEFORE BEING CANCELLED AND REPLACED BY CHART 558.

CHART # 558, THE FIRST ISSUE OF WHICH WAS DATED OCTOBER, 1907, WAS CHANGED TO A 1:40,000 SCALE FROM 1:60,000 PREVIOUSLY. WITH EDITION 16 OF AUGUST 17, 1974, THE CHART NUMBER WAS CHANGED TO 12286. THE 25TH EDITION OF DECEMBER 23, 1989 WAS CONVERTED TO THE 1983 NORTH AMERICAN DATUM.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS TWO COPIES OF THE 1862 EDITION ON THIN PAPER WITH BROWNING AT THE FOLDS AND HOLES AT THE INTERSECTIONS WITH SOME LOSS OF DATA. THE FOLDS HAVE BEEN STRENGTHENED ON ONE. THE BEST COPY HAS AN ACQ. # OF C015-2U1 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-570. THE OTHER HAS AN ACQ. # OF B014-H1 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-655. IN ADDITION, THE COLLECTION HAS A POOR COPY OF THE 1868 EDITION, DESCRIBED HEREIN, ON THIN BRITTLE PAPER WITH BROWNING AND SEPARATION AT THE FOLDS, INEXPERTLY REPAIRED. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF NOAA010-GIFT AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-934.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION CHART HISTORY CARD FOR CHART 389; U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1862, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 70, 37th CONGRESS, 3d. SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1864, 4, 8, 10, 34, 134, 151; U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1863, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 11, 38th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1864, 6, 10, 35-6, 38-41, 63-4, 123, 127, 131, 138, 214; U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1864, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 15, 38th CONGRESS, 2d SESSION, WASHINGTON: 1866, 5, 103; U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1868, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 71, 40TH CONGRESS, 3D SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1871, 20, 21, AND LIST OF SKETCHES; MORRISON, RUSSELL & ROBERT HANSEN, CHARTING THE CHESAPEAKE, ANNAPOLIS: MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES, 1990, 150.

July 8, 1992


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