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MAP #: 366J7

CARTOGRAPHER : JOHNSON, ALVIN J. [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1866

SHORT TITLE : JOHNSON'S VIRGINIA, DELAWARE, MARYLAND & WEST VIRGINIA.

REMAINING TITLE & ID : PUBLISHED BY A.J. JOHNSON, NEW YORK. (TOP LEFT CORNER). SCALE OF 50 MILES (UNDER TITLE). INSET VIEWS OF FORTRESS MONROE (UNDER SCALE), THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER), THE GENERAL POST OFFICE (TOP CENTER), TREASURY BUILDINGS (TO RIGHT OF PRIOR INSET), AND THE PATENT OFFICE (TOP RIGHT). "ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR 1864, BY A.J. JOHNSON, IN THE CLERKS OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES, FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK." (INSIDE BOTTOM LONGITUDE BORDER). "34." (TOP LEFT MARGIN, OUTSIDE DECORATIVE BORDER). "35." (TOP RIGHT MARGIN, OUTSIDE DECORATIVE BORDER). MAP EXTENDS THROUGH LATITUDE BORDER ON THE LOWER LEFT AND THE UPPER RIGHT). DECORATIVE STRAPWORK BORDER MEASURING 1 1/3 CM. WIDE SURROUNDS THE NEAT LINE. CORNERS OF THE DECORATIVE BORDER CONTAIN 5 POINTED STARS. LONGITUDE FROM GREENWICH (TOP BORDER) AND FROM WASHINGTON (BOTTOM BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1866 (1864)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : NEW YORK
PUBLISHER : A.J. JOHNSON
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 39.8 X 55.6 CM. (PLUS 1 1/3 CM. DECORATIVE BORDER)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,500,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 50 MILES = 5.25 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-279
# 2 : MSA SC1399-280 (1864 EDITION)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : N018-HUG
# 2 : N018-H2 (1864 EDITION)
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL MAP OF INTEREST TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : WASHINGTON & GREENWICH (8)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 364J7.
BEST INFO SOURCE : PHILLIPS ATLASES AND RISTOW ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP COVERS FROM CENTRAL PENNSYLVANIA TO CAPE HATTERAS AND FROM THE ATLANTIC TO OHIO. THE COUNTIES ARE SHOWN AS WELL AS ROADS AND RAILROADS. MOUNTAINS ARE SHOWN BY SYMBOLS. NO SOUNDINGS OR OTHER HYDROGRAPHIC DATA ARE DEPICTED. THE CHESAPEAKE BAY, DELAWARE BAY AND RIVER AND CLOSE OCEAN AREAS ARE SHOWN BY PARALLEL SHORE CONFORMING LINES. ON THE REVERSE SIDE IS A PORTION OF THE "GEOGRAPHICAL INDEX, OR READY REFERENCE". THE MAP IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN MADE BY ENGRAVING A STEEL PLATE AND THEN TRANSFERRING TO A LITHOGRAPHIC STONE FOR REPRODUCTION.

A MAP BY THIS TITLE FIRST APPEARS IN JOHNSON'S NEW ILLUSTRATED FAMILY ATLAS OF THE WORLD..., NEW YORK: 1865, AS MAP # 33-34. THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN WAS PUBLISHED IN THE 1866 EDITION OF THE SAME ATLAS AS MAP # 34-35, PUBLISHED BY A.J. JOHNSON. THE MAP CONTINUES TO CARRY THE 1864 DATE. THE 1864 DATE WAS THE COPYRIGHT DATE OF A SIMILAR MAP WITH DIFFERENT INSETS AND A TITLE OF "JOHNSON'S VIRGINIA DELAWARE AND MARYLAND", WHICH APPEARED IN THE 1864 EDITION OF JOHNSON'S NEW ILLUSTRATED FAMILY ATLAS OF THE WORLD, PUBLISHED BY JOHNSON AND WARD.

WHILE MANY OF THE JOHNSON MAPS ARE TAKEN FROM COLTON PLATES, A MAP BY THIS TITLE HASN'T YET BEEN DISCOVERED BY WRITER IN COLTON'S GENERAL ATLAS. THE DESCRIPTIONS AND TEXT ARE ATTRIBUTED TO RICHARD SWAINSON FISHER, WHO PREVIOUSLY HAD WORKED WITH J.H. COLTON & CO. EDITIONS OF THE FAMILY ATLAS, PUBLISHED FIRST IN 1860, APPEARED UNDER VARIOUS PUBLISHERS NAMES UNTIL 1885.

DATA IS FROM PHILLIPS ATLASES AND RISTOW'S AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THIS MAP APPEARED IN THE 1865 JOHNSON'S FAMILY ATLAS, WITH NUMEROUS INSET VIEWS. IT IS SOMEWHAT LARGER (39.8 X 55.6 CM.) THAN A 1864 MAP FROM WHICH IT APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN TAKEN. THAT MAP HAD ONLY AN INSET VIEW OF "FORTRESS MONROE VA. COPIES BY CONSENT FROM MAGNUS PICTURE" IN THE TOP LEFT CORNER. THAT EARLIER MAP APPEARED IN JOHNSON'S NEW ILLUSTRATED FAMILY ATLAS OF THE WORLD, NEW YORK: JOHNSON AND WARD, 1864, MAP 33-34. A SIMILAR MAP TO THE 1865 ISSUE IS ALSO IN THE 1866 EDITION OF THE FAMILY ATLAS, PUBLISHED BY A.J. JOHNSON.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY COLORED FOR THE TITLE STATES, BUT BLACK AND WHITE FOR THE REMAINDER. THE MAP IS IN FAIR CONDITION, BUT HAS A TEAR ALONG THE LOWER CREASE AND IN THE TOP RIGHT MARGIN, WHICH EXTENDS THROUGH THE DECORATIVE BORDER. THE MAP IS BROWNING ALONG THE EDGES. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF N018-HUG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-279. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A COPY OF A MAP WITH "& WEST VIRGINIA" LEFT OUT OF THE TITLE. IT IS SIMILARLY COLORED AND HAS MARGINAL TEARS AND BROWNING. SEE MAP # 364J7. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF N018-H2 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-280.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., A 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, # 4345 AND 4346; RISTOW, WALTER W., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS, COMMERCIAL CARTOGRAPHY IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1985, 318-326.

February 13, 1992


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