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MAP #: 364U5

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1864

SHORT TITLE : MAP OF EASTERN VIRGINIA

REMAINING TITLE & ID : COMPILED FROM THE BEST AUTHORITIES, AND PRINTED AT THE COAST SURVEY OFFICE, A.D. BACHE, SUPDT. 1864. (CENTER TOP MARGIN). SCALE OF MILES (IN MARGIN BELOW TITLE). "LITH. BY CHAS. G. KREBS." (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). "COMPILED BY W.L. NICHOLSON" (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). ENGRAVING EXTENDS THROUGH THE HEAVY NEAT LINE ON THE RIGHT BORDER. LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE (NOT SHOWN).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1864 (1862)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 53.6 X 47.8 CM. (BETWEEN NEAT LINES)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 887,040
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 50 MILES = 9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : G3880 1864 .N5
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-373 (REPRO)
# 2 : MSA SC1399-539 (1862 ISSUE)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-365 (1862 REPRO)
HFC ACQ. PRIORITY : 64
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : -
# 2 : SW015-DFF (1862 ISSUE)
# 3 : -
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : CIVIL WAR MAP (3)
: U.S.C.S. MAP (4)
: VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : PLAIN (2)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 362U6.
BEST INFO SOURCE : STEPHENSON IS THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP IN OUTLINE COLORING, COMPILED BY W.L. NICHOLSON OF THE U.S. COAST SURVEY, IS AN EXTREMELY DETAILED TOPOGRAPHIC MAP OF EASTERN VIRGINIA AND SOUTHEASTERN PENNSYLVANIA. IT INCLUDES MARYLAND AND THE CHESAPEAKE BAY, BUT WITHOUT THE TOPOGRAPHIC DETAIL THAT IS IN THE OTHER TWO STATES. THE MAP APPEARS TO BE THE EASTERN HALF OF A ONE ENTITLED "MAP OF THE STATE OF VIRGINIA", WHICH WAS FIRST PUBLISHED IN 1862, AND REVISED IN JULY, 1863, AUGUST, 1863, MAY, 1864, OCTOBER, 1864, AND 1865 (SEE MAP # 362U2). THIS STATE OF THE EASTERN VIRGINIA MAP SHOWS SIX CONCENTRIC 10 MILE CIRCLES AROUND BOTH RICHMOND AND WASHINGTON. THE 1862 VERSION HAD THEM ONLY AROUND RICHMOND. THERE IS NO HYDROGRAPHIC DATA. WE BELIEVE THAT THIS MAP IS PROBABLY FROM THE MAY, 1864 STATE OF THE "STATE OF VIRGINIA" MAP BECAUSE OF THE SIMILARITY OF PLACE NAMES. ALSO, THE OCTOBER, 1864 STATE ELIMINATES THE SIX CONCENTRIC 10 MILE CIRCLES AROUND WASHINGTON, AND THEY ARE PRESENT IN THE MAY, 1864 MAP. BOTH THE EASTERN VIRGINIA AND THE STATE OF VIRGINIA MAPS COVER THE AREA OF GREATEST FIGHTING DURING THE CIVIL WAR AND UNDOUBTEDLY WERE USED BY THE MILITARY. A NOTE BY NICHOLSON IN THE 1862 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS INDICATES THAT THE ORIGINAL VERSION OF THE MAP IN 1862 WAS ISSUED TO MEET THE POPULAR DEMAND FOR INFORMATION ON THE MOVEMENTS OF OUR ARMIES AND WAS DONE AT THE SUGGESTION OF THE SUPERINTENDENT. BECAUSE OF MANY DIFFERENT KINDS OF TYPE FACE, IT APPEARS THAT THE 1864 STATE OF THE MAP WAS RATHER HASTILY DONE WITH AN EYE MORE TO MAXIMUM DATA INCLUSION THAN TO AESTHETICS.

DATA IS FROM STEPHENSON, OBSERVATION OF THE 1862 MAP IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION, AND ITS PHOTOREPRODUCTION OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 1864 COPY.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THIS MAP APPEARS TO BE THE EASTERN HALF OF A MAP ENTITLED "MAP OF THE STATE OF VIRGINIA", COMPILED BY W.L. NICHOLSON OF THE U.S. COAST SURVEY AND PUBLISHED BY THE SURVEY. ISSUES OF THAT MAP ARE KNOWN FOR 1862 (MAP # 362U2), JULY 1863 (MAP 363U2), AUGUST 1863 (MAP 363U3). MAY 1864 (MAP 364U2), OCTOBER 1864 (MAP 364U3), AND 1865 (MAP 365U2). THE FIRST STATE OF THE "MAP OF EASTERN VIRGINIA" IS THE 1862 STATE. IT APPEARS THAT THE 1864 STATE OF THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN IS TAKEN FROM THE MAY 1864 STATE OF THE "STATE OF VIRGINIA" MAP. THE PLACE NAMES ARE SIMILAR, WITH SOME ALTERATION TO ELIMINATE NAMES THAT WOULD ONLY PARTIALLY HAVE BEEN ON THE "MAP OF EASTERN VIRGINIA" AND WITH SOME RELOCATION OF RAILROAD NAMES. IT IS NOT KNOWN WHETHER THERE IS A "MAP OF EASTERN VIRGINIA" CORRESPONDING TO EACH REVISION OF THE "STATE OF VIRGINIA" MAP.

ONE STATE - (1862) - THE DATE 1862 APPEARS IN THE TITLE. RELATIVELY FEW PLACE NAMES ARE GIVEN IN SOUTHERN PENNSYLVANIA. THERE ARE NO CONCENTRIC 10 MILE CIRCLES AROUND WASHINGTON, ALTHOUGH 6 OF THEM DO APPEAR AROUND RICHMOND. THIS MAP SHOWS THE "BLAIRSVILLE BRANCH" RAILROAD, THE "DELAWARE R.R." EXTENDING TO SEAFORD, AND THE "MANASSAS GAP R.R." EXTENDING TO HARRISONBURG, VIRGINIA. THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS # IS G3880 1862 .N54.

ANOTHER STATE - (1862) - THIS ONE IS SIMILAR TO THE PRIOR STATE EXCEPT THAT THE "DELAWARE R.R." EXTENDS NOW TO PRINCESS ANN AND THE "MANASSAS R.R." GOES TO MT. JACKSON. THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS # IS G3880 1862 .N55.

ANOTHER STATE - (1862) - IN THIS STATE THE "BLAIRSVILLE BRANCH" RAILROAD HAS BEEN DROPPED. THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS # IS G3880 1862 .N56.

ANOTHER STATE - (1862) - THIS STATE IS SIMILAR TO THE PRIOR ONE EXCEPT THAT "MECHANICSVILLE" HAS BEEN SUBSTITUTED FOR "COLD HARBOR". THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS # IS G3880 1862 .N57.

ANOTHER STATE - (1862) - THIS STATE IS SIMILAR TO THE PRIOR ONE EXCEPT THAT THE LETTERING FOR "FAIR OAKS" AND "MANCHESTER" HAS BEEN CHANGED AND THE LETTERING FOR SOME RAILROADS HAS BEEN REPOSITIONED. THE "NEWC. & F. R.R." IN DELAWARE IS RELETTERED TO READ "NEWCASTLE & FRENCHTOWN R.R." THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS # IS G3880 1862 .N58.

ANOTHER STATE - (1862) - THIS STATE IS SIMILAR TO THE PRIOR TWO STATES EXCEPT THAT THERE ARE BLUE CONCENTRIC CIRCLES AROUND WASHINGTON. THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS # IS G3880 1862 .N59. SEE MAP # 362U6.

ANOTHER STATE - (1863) - THE TITLE IS ALTERED TO 1863 FROM 1862. "AUGUST" IS PRINTED IN BLUE IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER. THE CONCENTRIC CIRCLES AROUND RICHMOND AND THE RAILROADS ARE IN RED AND THE CIRCLES AROUND WASHINGTON AND THE WATER AREA ARE IN BLUE. THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS # IS G3880 1863 .N5.

ANOTHER STATE - (1864) -THE TITLE IS ALTERED TO READ 1864 INSTEAD OF 1863. OTHERWISE IT APPEARS SIMILAR TO THE PRIOR STATE. THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS # IS G3880 1864 .N5. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

DATA IS PRIMARILY FROM FROM STEPHENSON, BUT ALSO FROM OBSERVATION OF THE 1862 STATE IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION AND FROM THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PHOTOCOPY OF THE 1864 STATE IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY OF THE 1862 STATE WITH A LIBRARY OF CONGRESS # OF G3880 1862 .N59. IT HAS SOME TEARS IN THE FOLDS AND SOME BROWNING IN THE EASTERN QUARTER OF THE MAP. THE WATER IS COLORED BLUE AND THE CONCENTRIC CIRCLES AROUND RICHMOND AND THE RAILROAD LINES ARE IN AN ORANGE-RED COLOR. THE MAP IS ATTACHED TO A BLACK BOARD MAP CASE COVER 14.4 X 9.7 CM. WITH GOLD LETTERING ON THE FRONT COVER READING "MAP OF EASTERN VIRGINIA COMPILED IN THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY. W.H. & O.H. MORRISON. WASHINGTON D.C." IN CONTEMPORARY SCRIPT ON THE INSIDE FRONT COVER IS "DR. J.A. FREEMAN 13 N.J.V. AUG 7th. 1863". IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF SW015-DFF AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-539. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A PHOTOCOPY OF ONE OF THE 1862 COPIES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS OTHER THAN THE ONE DESCRIBED. IT HAS A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-365 (REPRO). THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A PHOTOCOPY OF THE 1864 STATE WITH A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-373 (REPRO). THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS REPRODUCTIONS ARE ON THE BASIS OF 80% OF THE ORIGINAL SIZE.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 989; STEPHENSON, RICHARD W., CIVIL WAR MAPS AN ANNOTATED LIST OF MAPS AND ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, WASHINGTON: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, 1989 (2ND ED.), 209-210, ITEMS 465.26-465.4 (1862 ISSUES); 216, ITEM 481.5 (1863 ISSUE); 220, ITEM 493.4 (1864 ISSUE).

January 25, 1992


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