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MAP #: 364B3

CARTOGRAPHER : BECHLER, GUSTAVUS R.

DATE: 1864

SHORT TITLE : MILITARY MAP REFERING [SIC] TO THE CAMPAIGNS OF THE ARMY

REMAINING TITLE & ID : OF THE POTOMAC IN VIRGINIA INCLUDING THE ADJOINING PARTS OF MARYLAND & PENNSYLVANIA, EXPRESSLY COMPILED FROM THE LATEST & MOST RELIABLE SOURCES ON RECORD FOR MILITARY & PRIVATE USE BY GUSTAVUS R. BECHLER, PHILADELPHIA 600 CHESTNUT STREET 3rd. FLOOR (NO CARTOUCHE, TOP LEFT CORNER). SCALE OF 15 MILES = 7.5 CM. (TO LEFT OF LOWER PART OF TITLE). "ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR 1864 BY GUSTAVUS R. BECHLER IN THE CLERKS OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA (BELOW SCALE). MAP IS SURROUNDED BY AN OUTSIDE HEAVY BORDERLINE AND AN INSIDE NEAT LINE, WITH THE MAP DATA PROJECTING THROUGH BOTH LINES FROM 10 TO 23 CM. FROM THE RIGHT AT THE BOTTOM. OTHERWISE, THERE IS NOTHING IN ANY OF THE MARGINS. LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE (NOT SHOWN).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1864
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : F. LEYPOLDT
LANGUAGE(S) : EN SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 126.2 X 96.6 CM. (AS MOUNTED ON LINEN)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 322,000 SCALE - OTHER DATA : 15 MILES = 7.5 CM. LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-490
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : A016-FIG REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL MAP OF INTEREST TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : CIVIL WAR MAP (3) : VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : PLAIN (2)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : STEPHENSON IS THE ONLY SOURCE FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS LARGE SCALE MAP OF THE MILITARY CAMPAIGNS OF THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC CONCENTRATES PRIMARILY ON VIRGINIA. HOWEVER, IT DOES SHOW THE STATE OF MARYLAND EAST TO THE EASTERN EDGE OF THE CHESAPEAKE AND MUCH OF THE BAY. THE MAP IS CUT INTO 24 SECTIONS AND MOUNTED ON LINEN. IT IS IN FULL COLOR, WITH COUNTY AND STATE BOUNDARIES SHADED IN DARKER RED THAN THE SURROUNDING AREA. THE SITES OF ALL THE MAJOR BATTLES UP THROUGH JUNE, 1864 ARE SHOWN IN ORANGE UNDERLINING, WITH MOST SUCH SITES HAVING A DATE OF THE CONFLICT. SEVERAL OF THE DATES APPEAR TO BE CAREFULLY PRINTED IN MANUSCRIPT OR ENGRAVED IN FREEHAND. SOME MARKED SITES HAVE NOTES SUCH AS "DISASTER OF 75th P.V. Rgt. 45 DROWNED" AND "LEES PONTOONS DESTROYED JULY 8th 1863".

ALL THE FORTS IN THE AREA ARE DRAWN IN. ROADS, RAILROADS, CITIES, TOWNS, CHURCHES, MINES, FERRY LANDINGS AND DETAILED NAMES OF MOUNTAINS ARE GIVEN. NO ROAD DISTANCES ARE SHOWN.

AS IS TRUE OF MANY CIVIL WAR "SEAT OF WAR" TYPE MAPS, THIS ONE APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN DONE WITH SOME HASTE TO RETAIN ITS CURRENCY AND CONSEQUENTLY PLACE NAMES ARE NOT ALWAYS ACCURATELY SPELLED. MANY STYLES OF PRINTING SUGGESTS THAT MORE THAN ONE ENGRAVER MAY HAVE WORKED ON THE MAP.

THE MAP IS FOLDED INTO A COVER MEASURING 22 X 26 X 1.5 cm. WITH A LABEL SIMILAR TO THE TITLE ON THE MAP, EXCEPT THAT IT INCLUDES THE INFORMATION THAT IT WAS PUBLISHED BY F. LEYPOLDT, 1323 CHESTNUT ST. PHILADELPHIA.

STEPHENSON NOTES COPIES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WITH DATES OF 1864 AND 1865.

DATA IS FROM STEPHENSON AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : STEPHENSON NOTES COPIES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WITH COPYRIGHT DATES OF 1864 AND 1865. THE COVER OF THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION COPY OF THE 1864 MAP INDICATES THAT IT WAS PUBLISHED BY F. LEYPOLDT OF PHILADELPHIA. STEPHENSON LISTS H.H. LLOYD & CO. OF NEW YORK AS THE PUBLISHER OF THE 1865 RELEASE. NO DIFFERENCES IN THE MAP OTHER THAN THE COPYRIGHT DATE ARE SHOWN BY STEPHENSON EXCEPT THAT THE 1865 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY IS 1 CM. NARROWER THAN THE 1864 COPY.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A BEAUTIFUL COLORED COPY IN THE ORIGINAL JACKET COVER. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF A016-FIG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-490.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : STEPHENSON, RICHARD W., CIVIL WAR MAPS AN ANNOTATED LIST OF MAPS AND ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, WASHINGTON: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, 1989 (2ND ED.), 219, # 486 (1864 ED.), 223, # 503 (1865 ED.).

February 13, 1992


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