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MAP #: 363U5

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1863

SHORT TITLE : SKETCH C SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY IN SECTION NO. III

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM 1843 TO 1863 SCALE 1/400,000 1863 (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "NO. 10" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). SCALE IN STATUTE MILES (CENTER BOTTOM MARGIN). "U.S. COAST SURVEY A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT" (ABOVE TITLE). TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS, SYMBOLS AND LINES (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). ENGRAVING EXTENDS THROUGH NEAT LINES INTO TOP AND RIGHT MARGINS. THE SKETCH IS WIDER AT THE BOTTOM THAN AT THE TOP (57 CM. AT TOP AND 58 CM. AT BOTTOM). THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1864
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 86.1 X 57.0 CM. (BETWEEN NEAT LINES)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 91.1 X 65.0 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 400,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 40 STATUTE MILES = 15.9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-293
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : J017-DDT
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS TYPE CHART (4)
: PROGRESS SKETCH (20)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE CHART.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOAL SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES AND BY SHADING.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE 1863 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS IS THE ONLY SOURCE FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS SKETCH OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AREA WAS ISSUED AS SKETCH NO. 10 TO ILLUSTRATE THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY, SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEATR 1863. IT GIVES THE MAJOR AND SECONDARY TRIANGULATION LINES FOR THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ITS RIVERS. THE TRIANGULATION WAS LARGELY COMPLETE BY 1863, ALTHOUGH DURING THE YEAR ADDITIONAL WORK ON THIS WAS DONE WEST AND NORTH OF BALTIMORE, BETWEEN ALEXANDRIA AND GEORGETOWN, AND ON THE EASTERN BRANCH OF THE POTOMAC RIVER TO ANACOSTIA BRIDGE, ALL PRIMARILY FOR DEFENSIVE PURPOSES AND CHIEFLY FOR THE ENGINEER DEPARTMENT. THE SKETCH ALSO SHOWS BY DOTTED LINES THE AERIAL EXTENT OF MORE DETAILED SHEETS OF THE TOPOGRAPHY AND HYDROGRAPHY, WHICH WERE DONE IN MANUSCRIPT AND NEVER PUBLISHED OR ISSUED TO THE PUBLIC, TOGETHER WITH THEIR NUMBERS AND DATES OF EXECUTION. ASTRONOMICAL, MAGNETIC, TIDAL AND CURRENT STATIONS IN USE ARE NOTED.

IN ADDITION TO THE TRIANGULATION WORK MENTIONED ABOVE, THE 1863 ANNUAL REPORT CITES THE FOLLOWING WORK DONE DURING THE YEAR: DETERMINATION OF THE HEIGHTS OF FORTIFIED POINTS NEAR WASHINGTON D.C., PLANE-TABLE SURVEY WORK WEST AND NORTH OF BALTIMORE, TOPOGRAPHY ABOVE AND BEYOND BLADENSBURG, MD., PLANE-TABLE SURVEY WORK TO CONNECT THE BLADENSBURG WORK WITH THAT OF D.C., TOPOGRAPHY OF ROSIER'S BLUFF AND NEAR FT. LYON, SPECIAL EXAMINATION OF THE ROADS AND COUNTRY NORTH AND WEST OF STAFFORD COURT HOUSE, CONNECTED WITH ARMY MOVEMENTS, HYDROGRAPHIC EXAMINATION TO THE EASTWARD OF WINTER QUARTER SHOAL AND OF THE POTOMAC RIVER BY SOUNDINGS BETWEEN INDIAN HEAD AND ALEXANDRIA, MAGNETIC STUDIES NEAR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, AND TIDAL OBSERVATION AT OLD POINT COMFORT.

THE ENGRAVING OF GENERAL COAST CHART NO. IV, CAPE MAY TO CAPE HENRY, AS A PRELIMINARY CHART; OF COAST CHART NO. 36, CHESAPEAKE ENTRANCE , AS A FINISHED CHART, AND OF RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER (SHEET NO. 5) FROM OCCUPACIA CREEK TO PUNCH BOWL, WERE COMPLETED. THE DRAWING AND ENGRAVING OF PRELIMINARY CHARTS OF METOMKIN INLET, VIRGINIA AND OF POTOMAC RIVER, SHEET NO. 1, FROM THE ENTRANCE UPWARD TO PINEY POINT; NO. 2, PINEY POINT TO LOWER CEDAR POINT; NO. 3, LOWER CEDAR POINT TO INDIAN HEAD WERE COMPLETED. PROGRESS WAS MADE IN THE DRAWING AND ENGRAVING OF POTOMAC RIVER NO. 4, INDIAN HEAD TO CHAIN BRIDGE. THE ENGRAVING OF COAST CHART NO. 29, SEA- COAST OF MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA, AND OF HAMPTON ROADS AND ELIZABETH RIVER, VIRGINIA, WERE COMMENCED. ADDITIONS WERE MADE TO THE PROGRESS SKETCH OF THE SECTION. A PRELIMINARY EDITION OF THE CHART OF POTOMAC RIVER, SHEET NO. 4, INDIAN HEAD TO CHAIN BRIDGE, AND A MILITARY MAP OF SOUTHEASTERN VIRGINIA, WERE ENGRAVED ON STONE AND CONSIDERABLE ADDITIONS WERE MADE TO THE GENERAL MAP OF VIRGINIA IN COLORS.

DATA IS FROM THE 1863 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : INFORMAL REPORTS WERE MADE ANNUALLY BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY FROM 1816 THROUGH 1850. THESE WERE PUBLISHED BY THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT AND WERE SENT TO CONGRESS. BEGINNING WITH 1851, THESE PROGRESS REPORTS BECAME MORE FORMAL. THEY WERE PRODUCED IN MUCH LARGER QUANTITY AND WERE MORE WIDELY DISTRIBUTED TO SCHOOLS AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS AND INDIVIDUALS IN ADDITION TO CONGRESS. THE U.S. COAST SURVEY BECAME THE PUBLISHER BEGINNING IN 1851. THE WIDER DISSEMINATION WAS AN ATTEMPT BY THE AGENCY TO BUILD A WIDER BASE OF SUPPORT FOR THE ACTIVITIES OF THE COAST SURVEY. BEGINNING IN 1844, THESE REPORTS DESCRIBED IN CONSIDERABLE DETAIL THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY INCLUDING IN SECTION III, WHICH PRIMARILY CONSISTED OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND THE OCEAN FRONT OF DELAWARE, MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. ANNUAL PROGRESS SKETCHES WERE APPENDED, SHOWING THE EXTENT OF THE TRIANGULATION, TOPOGRAPHY, HYDROGRAPHY AND OTHER WORK ACCOMPLISHED UP TO THAT TIME.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY ON THIN PAPER WITH SOME BROWNING AT THE FOLDS AND SOME LOSS OF PAPER AT THE INTERSECTIONS OF THE FOLDS, ALTHOUGH THERE IS NO ENGRAVING WHERE THE PAPER IS MISSING. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF J017-DDT AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-293.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY, SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1863, H. R. EX. DOC. NO. 11, 38th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1864, 8, 35-41, 63-64, 123, 127.

February 9, 1992


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