Return to Huntingfield Map Collection homepage

MAP #: 363U2

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1863

SHORT TITLE : MAP OF THE STATE OF VIRGINIA

REMAINING TITLE & ID : COMPILED FROM THE BEST AUTHORITIES, AND PRINTED AT THE COAST SURVEY OFFICE. A.D. BACHE, SUPDT. JULY 1863. (TOP LEFT CORNER). SCALE OF MILES (BELOW TITLE). NOTES ABOUT SIZE, POPULATION, ETC. (UNDER AND TO LEFT OF SCALE). TABLE OF "DISTANCES BY RAILROAD" (CENTER LEFT SIDE). "LITH. BY CHAs. G. KREBS." (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). "COMPILED BY W.L. NICHOLSON" (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). ENGRAVING EXTENDS THROUGH NEAT LINES IN TOP, RIGHT AND BOTTOM MARGINS. 10 MILE CONCENTRIC CIRCLES AROUND RICHMOND ARE SHOWN FOR 60 MILES. LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE (NOT SHOWN).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1863 (1862)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 56.4 X 88.5 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 887,040
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 50 MILES = 9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # :
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-413 (REPRO)
# 2 : MSA SC1399-379 (REPRO) (STATE 1)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-412 (REPRO) (STATE 3)
# 4 : MSA SC1399-415 (REPRO) (STATE 4)
# 5 : MSA SC1399-414 (REPRO) (STATE 5)
# 6 : MSA SC1399-416 (REPRO) (STATE 6)
HFC ACQ. PRIORITY : 5
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : -
# 2 : -
# 3 : -
# 4 : -
# 5 : -
# 6 : -
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL AREA MAP OF INTEREST TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : CIVIL WAR MAP (3)
: USCS MAP (4)
: VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : CURLED LINES (19)
BORDER : PLAIN (2)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 362U2, 363U3, 364U2, 364U3, 365U2.
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE 1862 STATE OF THE MAP IS LISTED IN STEPHENSON.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP IN OUTLINE COLORING IS A DETAILED TOPOGRAPHIC MAP OF VIRGINIA. IT IS QUITE SIMILAR IN ITS EASTERN HALF TO "MAP OF EASTERN VIRGINIA" (SEE MAP # 362U6) OF THE U.S. COAST SURVEY EXCEPT THAT IT COVERS THE ENTIRE STATE. BOTH MAPS CONTAIN CONCENTRIC CIRCLES AROUND RICHMOND, VA. SPACED 10 MILES APART, UP TO 60 MILES. IT IS BELIEVED THAT THIS MAP WAS MADE AFTER THE 1862 EASTERN VIRGINIA MAP BECAUSE OF THE ADDITION OF MANY NAMES IN THE STATE MAP IN SOUTHERN PENNSYLVANIA AND NORTHERN MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. THIS 1863 STATE OF THE MAP IS EVEN MORE DETAILED IN THE PLACE NAMES IN THESE AREAS. IT CONTAINS NO HYDROGRAPHIC INFORMATION. THE COMPLETE CHESAPEAKE-MARYLAND AREA IS INCLUDED, ALTHOUGH THE TOPOGRAPHIC INFORMATION IN EASTERN MARYLAND IS QUITE SKETCHY COMPARED TO THAT IN VIRGINIA. ALL THE MAJOR RAILROADS ARE SHOWN FOR BOTH STATES AND FOR SOUTHEASTERN PENNSYLVANIA. SIX STATES OF THIS MAP ARE KNOWN; ONE IN 1862, TWO IN 1863, TWO IN 1864, AND ONE IN 1865. IT APPEARS THAT ADDITIONAL DATA WAS ADDED AS IT BECAME AVAILABLE. BECAUSE OF THE MANY DIFFERENT KINDS OF TYPE FACE, APPARENTLY THESE CHANGES WERE RATHER HASTILY DONE, MORE WITH AN EYE TO MAXIMUM DATA THAN TO AESTHETICS. THE MAP COVERS THE AREA OF GREATEST FIGHTING DURING THE CIVIL WAR AND UNDOUBTEDLY WERE USED BY THE MILITARY.

DATA IS FROM OBSERVATION OF THE PHOTOREPRODUCTIONS FROM THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THERE ARE SIX STATES OF THIS MAP KNOWN TO THE WRITER. ONE IS DATED 1862, TWO ARE 1863, TWO ARE 1864 AND ONE IS 1865, DIFFERING MAINLY IN THE AMOUNT OF INFORMATION INCLUDED. THE 1862 ISSUE APPEARS TO BE DERIVED IN PART FROM A "MAP OF EASTERN VIRGINIA" (SEE MAP # 362U6), SINCE THE SCALE AND BASIC NOMENCLATURE AND LAYOUT ARE SIMILAR EXCEPT THAT THE STATE MAP INCLUDES MORE NAMES IN SOUTHERN PENNSYLVANIA AND NORTHERN MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE DEMAND FROM THE MILITARY FOR A GOOD MAP OF THE EASTERN VIRGINIA WAR ZONE CAUSED THE EASTERN VIRGINIA MAP TO BE PRINTED FIRST, WHILE THE WORK PROCEEDED ON THE LARGER MAP OF THE STATE.

STATE 1 - (1862) - THIS MAP HAS THE DATE 1862 ABOVE THE MILE SCALE. THERE ARE NO CONCENTRIC 10 MILE CIRCLES AROUND WASHINGTON. DOYLESTOWN AND NORRISTOWN ARE THE ONLY TWO TOWNS SHOWN ABOVE PHILADELPHIA AND, WHILE IT HAS MANY MORE PENNSYLVANIA PLACE NAMES THAN THE 1862 "MAP OF EASTERN VIRGINIA", IT IS MUCH MORE SPARCE IN PLACE NAMES THAN SUBSEQUENT STATES OF THE MAP. SEE MAP # 362U2.

STATE 2 - (JULY, 1863) - THIS MAP HAS THE DATE JULY 1863 ABOVE THE MILE SCALE. THERE ARE STILL NO CONCENTRIC CIRCLES AROUND WASHINGTON. MANY SECONDARY PLACE NAMES ARE ADDED IN SOUTHERN PENNSYLVANIA AND NORTHERN MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

STATE 3 - (AUGUST, 1863) - THIS MAP HAS THE DATE AUGUST 1863 ABOVE THE MILE SCALE. THERE ARE NOW 6 FAINT CONCENTRIC 10 MILE CIRCLES AROUND WASHINGTON. THE PLACE NAMES APPEAR TO BE SIMILAR TO THOSE OF STATE 2. SEE MAP # 363U3.

STATE 4 - (MAY, 1864) - THIS MAP HAS THE DATE MAY 1864 ABOVE THE MILE SCALE. THIS STATE HAS THE NUMBER OF MILES MARKED BY THE SIX CONCENTRIC 10 MILE CIRCLES AROUND WASHINGTON (e.g. "40 MILES", "50 MILES", ETC. ). SEE MAP # 364U2.

STATE 5 - (OCTOBER, 1864) - THIS MAP HAS THE DATE OCTOBER 1864 ABOVE THE MILE SCALE. THE CONCENTRIC CIRCLES AROUND WASHINGTON HAVE BEEN ELIMINATED ALTOGETHER. SEE MAP # 364U3.

STATE 6 - (1865) - THIS MAP HAS THE DATE 1865 ABOVE THE MILE SCALE. THE CONCENTRIC CIRCLES AROUND WASHINGTON HAVE BEEN ADDED BACK. SOME CHANGES HAVE BEEN MADE IN THE RAILROAD NAMES AND THOSE NAMES HAVE BEEN INSERTED IN DIFFERENT PLACES ON SOME OF THE RALROADS. FOR EXAMPLE, NORTHWEST OF BALTIMORE, THE "WESTMINSTER BRANCH" OF THE OCTOBER, 1864 STATE HAS BEEN ALTERED TO READ "WESTERN MARYLAND R.R." SEE MAP # 365U2.

DATA IS FROM OBSERVATION OF THE PHOTOCOPIES OF THE SIX STATES FROM THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS PHOTOCOPIES DONE AT 80% OF THE ORIGINAL SIZE OF ALL SIX STATES FROM THE COPIES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. THEY HAVE MDHR #s AS FOLLOWS: MSA SC1399-379 (REPRO (STATE 1); MSA SC1399-413 (REPRO) (STATE 2); MSA SC1399-412 (REPRO) (STATE 3); MSA SC1399-415 (REPRO) (STATE 4); MSA SC1399-414 (REPRO) (STATE 5); MSA SC1399-416 (REPRO) (STATE 6).

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : STEPHENSON, RICHARD W., CIVIL WAR MAPS AN ANNOTATED LIST OF MAPS AND ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, WASHINGTON: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, 1989 (2ND ED.), 210, ITEM 465.45 (1862 STATE); SWEM, EARL G., MAPS RELATING TO VIRGINIA IN THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY, RICHMOND: VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES, 1989 REPRINT OF A 1914 ARTICLE IN THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY BULLETIN, REPUBLISHED AS A BOOK, # 1044 (1863 STATE).

December 29, 1991


This information resource of the Maryland State Archives is presented here for fair use in the public domain. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: Rights assessment for associated source material is the responsibility of the user.


Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!


[ Archives' Home Page  ||  All About Maryland  ||  Maryland Manual On-Line  ||  Reference & Research
||  Search the Archives   ||  Education & Outreach  ||  Archives of Maryland Online ]

Governor     General Assembly    Judiciary     Maryland.Gov

© Copyright April 26, 2006 Maryland State Archives