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MAP #: 362U5

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1862

SHORT TITLE : SKETCH C SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY IN SECTION NO. III

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM 1843 TO 1862 SCALE 1/400,000 1862 (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "NO. 13" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). SCALE IN STATUTE MILES (CENTER BOTTOM MARGIN). "U.S. COAST SURVEY A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT" (ABOVE TITLE). "NOTES", TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS, SYMBOLS AND LINES (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). ENGRAVING EXTENDS INTO TOP AND RIGHT MARGINS THROUGH THE NEAT LINES. THE SKETCH IS WIDER AT THE BOTTOM THAN AT THE TOP (55.2 CM. AT TOP AND 56.6 CM. AT BOTTOM). THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1864
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 85.5 X 55.2 CM. (BETWEEN NEAT LINES)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 90.1 X 64.8 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 400,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 40 STATUTE MILES = 15.9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-578
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : C015-2U1
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS TYPE CHART (4)
: PROGRESS SKETCH (20)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE CHART.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOAL SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES AND BY SHADING.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE 1862 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS IS THE ONLY SOURCE FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS CHART OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AREA WAS ISSUED AS SKETCH NO. 13 TO ILLUSTRATE THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY, SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1862. IT GIVES THE MAJOR AND SECONDARY TRIANGULATION LINES FOR THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ITS RIVERS. THE SKETCH ALSO SHOWS BY DOTTED LINES THE AERIAL EXTENT OF MORE DETAILED SHEETS OF THE TOPOGRAPHY AND HYDROGRAPHY, WHICH WERE DONE IN MANUSCRIPT AND NEVER PUBLISHED OR ISSUED TO THE PUBLIC, TOGETHER WITH THEIR NUMBERS AND DATES OF EXECUTION. ASTRONOMICAL, MAGNETIC, TIDAL AND CURRENT STATIONS IN USE ARE NOTED.

ALL THE WORK DONE IN THIS SECTION IN 1862 WAS IN FURTHERANCE OF MILITARY OR NAVAL OPERATIONS, AND UNDER ORDERS OF THE WAR AND NAVY DEPARTMENTS, THROUGH AUTHORIZED OFFICERS. IT INCLUDED THE FOLLOWING:

1. COMPLETE TRIANGULATION OF THE POTOMAC RIVER FROM BLAKISTONE ISLAND TO GEORGETOWN. THIS LAID THE BASIS FOR A CHART OF THE POTOMAC, WHICH WAS SPECIALLY REQUESTED BY THE NAVY DEPARTMENT.

2. THE TOPOGRAPHICAL SURVEY OF THE IMMEDIATE BANKS OF THE POTOMAC FROM BLAKISTONE ISLAND TO WASHINGTON CITY. ALL THE REBEL WORKS ERECTED IN 1861 ARE SHOWN ON THE SHEETS OF THIS SURVEY.

3. A PLANE-TABLE SURVEY OF WILLIAMSPORT, MD., AND OF ITS ENVIRONS, INCLUDING THE OPPOSITE BANK OF THE POTOMAC, FOR THE USE OF THE SIXTH CORPS OF THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.

4. DETAILED TOPOGRAPHY, FOR MILITARY PURPOSES, NEAR BLADENSBURG, AND IN THE VICINITY OF THE NORTHEASTERN PART OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

5. TOPOGRAPHY OF THE VICINITY OF FORT LINCOLN AND OTHER DEFENSIVE WORKS NEAR THE CAPITOL.

6. ADDITIONS TO THE DETAILS OF THE MILITARY MAP OF FAIRFAX COUNTY, VIRGINIA. THESE INCLUDE THE TOPOGRAPHY BETWEEN FORT MARCY AND FALLS CHURCH.

7. MINUTE SURVEY, EMBRACING THE CONTOUR OF GROUND ABOUT MANASSAS JUNCTION, WITH THE LINES OF REBEL INTRENCHMENTS, BARRACKS, SITES OF RUINS, ROADS, &c.

8. A PLANE-TABLE SURVEY OF THE GROUND OPPOSITE TO FREDERICKSBURG, VIRGINIA, AND MAPPED RECONNAISSANCE OF ROADS LEADING FROM THE POTOMAC TO THE RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER.

9. SURVEYS AND RECONNAISSANCES FOR THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC ON THE PENINSULA BETWEEN THE YORK AND JAMES RIVERS. THE PARTY ASSIGNED TO THIS DUTY WAS ACTIVELY EMPLOYED DURING THE WHOLE OF THE CAMPAIGN.

10. VERIFICATION OF TOPOGRAPHY BETWEEN CHINCOTEAGUE BAY AND POCOMOKE SOUND, ACROSS THE NORTHERN PART OF ACCOMAC COUNTY, VIRGINIA. THIS WORK WAS DONE INCIDENTALLY BY A PARTY ASSIGNED TO MAKE SURVEYS FOR MILITARY PURPOSES.

11. TOPOGRAPHY OF THE MIDDLE PART OF ACCOMAC COUNTY, VIRGINIA, FOR THE USE OF THE ARMY OF OCCUPATION, STATIONED IN THE VICINITY OF DRUMMONDTOWN.

12. PLANE-TABLE SURVEYS, INCLUDING THE REBEL WORKS ERECTED FOR THE DEFENCE OF THE APPROACHES TO NORFOLK, VIRGINIA, AND SURVEY OF THE NAVY YARD AT GOSPORT, SHOWING ITS CONDITION WHEN EVACUATED BY THE INSURGENTS.

13. A HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEY OF THE POTOMAC RIVER, COMPLETE FROM THE LIMIT OF FORMER WORK NEAR BLAKISTONE ISLAND TO INDIAN HEAR, AND FROM ALEXANDRIA UP TO GEORGETOWN, AND TO THE WASHINGTON NAVY YEAR. THE CHART WHICH THIS SURVEY FURNISHES WAS SPECIALLY CALLED FOR BY THE NAVY DEPARTMENT TO REPLACE THE HYDROGRAPHIC RECONNAISSANCE CHART OF LAST YEAR.

14. OPERATIONS OF THE COAST SURVEY HYDROGRAPHIC PARTY IN YORK RIVER AND ITS TRIBUTARIES, UNDER THE ORDERS OF THE FLAG-OFFICER OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON.

15. HYDROGRAPHY OF METOMKIN BAR AND INLET. BUOYS WERE PERMANENTLY SET TO MARK THE BAR AND ENTRANCE. THIS WORK WAS FOR THE USE OF THE ARMY OF OCCUPATION IN EASTERN VIRGINIA.

16. MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS AT THE STATION NEAR THE COAST SURVEY OFFICE, IN WASHINGTON, D.C.

17. TIDAL OBSERVATIONS AT THE STATION NEAR FORTRESS MONROE, VIRGINIA.

THE ENGRAVING OF COAST CHART NO. 35, CHESAPEAKE BAY (SHEET NO. 5) FROM POCOMOKE SOUND TO YORK RIVER WAS COMPLETED; PROGRESS WAS MADE IN THE ENGRAVING OF COAST CHART NO. 36, CHESAPEAKE BAY (SHEET NO. 6) MOUTH OF YORK RIVER TO ENTRANCE OF BAY; AND OF PATUXENT RIVER, LOWER SHEET AS A FINISHED CHART. THE DRAWING OF THE POTOMAC RIVER CHART IN FOUR SHEETS AND THE ENGRAVING OF COAST CHART NO. IV, CAPE MAY TO CURRITUCK SOUND, AND OF POTOMAC RIVER (SHEET NO. 3) FROM LOWER CEDAR POINT TO INDIAN HEAD WERE COMMENCED. ADDITIONS WERE MADE TO COAST CHARTS NO. 31, HEAD OF CHESAPEAKE BAY TO MAGOTHY RIVER; NO. 32, MAGOTHY TO THE HUDSON RIVER, MARYLAND; NO. 33, FROM THE HUDSON TO THE POTOMAC RIVER; AND TO THE PROGRESS SKETCH OF THE SECTION. THE FOLLOWING PRELIMINARY CHARTS AND MAPS WERE LITHOGRAPHED AND ISSUED TO MEET THE IMMEDIATE WANTS OF THE PUBLIC SERVICE, VIZ: ATLANTIC COAST, FROM CHESAPEAKE ENTRANCE TO OCRACOKE INLET; CHINCOTEAGUE BAY; HAMPTON ROADS; JAMES RIVER, UP TO CITY POINT (NEW EDITION); RECONNAISSANCE OF PAMUNKEY AND MATTAPONY RIVERS; POTOMAC RIVER, UP TO GEORGETOWN, IN FOUR SHEETS; ROAD MAP OF DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA; PLAN OF WHARVES AT ALEXANDRIA; MILITARY RECONNAISSANCE MAP OF SOUTHEASTERN VIRGINIA; AND A GENERAL MAP OF VIRGINIA, IN COLORS.

DATA IS DIRECTLY FROM THE USCS 1862 ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : INFORMAL REPORTS WERE MADE ANNUALLY BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY FROM 1816 THROUGH 1850. THESE WERE PUBLISHED BY THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT AND WERE SENT TO CONGRESS. BEGINNING WITH 1851, THESE PROGRESS REPORTS BECAME MORE FORMAL. THEY WERE PRODUCED IN MUCH LARGER QUANTITY AND WERE MORE WIDELY DISTRIBUTED TO SCHOOLS AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS AND INDIVIDUALS IN ADDITION TO CONGRESS. THE U.S. COAST SURVEY BECAME THE PUBLISHER BEGINNING IN 1851. THE WIDER DISSEMINATION WAS AN ATTEMPT BY THE AGENCY TO BUILD A WIDER BASE OF SUPPORT FOR THE ACTIVITIES OF THE COAST SURVEY. BEGINNING IN 1844, THESE REPORTS DESCRIBED IN CONSIDERABLE DETAIL THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY INCLUDING IN SECTION III, WHICH PRIMARILY CONSISTED OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND THE OCEAN FRONT OF DELAWARE, MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. ANNUAL PROGRESS SKETCHES WERE APPENDED, SHOWING THE EXTENT OF THE TRIANGULATION, TOPOGRAPHY, HYDROGRAPHY AND OTHER WORK ACCOMPLISHED UP TO THAT TIME.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY ON THIN PAPER WITH SOME BROWNING AT THE FOLDS AND SOME LOSS OF DATA AT THE INTERSECTIONS OF THE TOP TWO FOLDS. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF C015-2U1 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-578.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY, SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1862, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 22, 37th CONGRESS, 3d SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1864, 2-3, 4, 8, 10, 34-43, 69-71, 134, 139, 141, 142, 147, 148, 151.

January 22, 1992


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