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MAP #: 361U7

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1861

SHORT TITLE : COAST CHART NO. 31 CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM HEAD OF BAY

REMAINING TITLE & ID : TO MAGOTHY RIVER FROM A TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY UNDER THE DIRECTION OF F.R. HASSLER AND A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENTS OF THE SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES TRIANGULATION BY J. FERGUSON T.W. WERNER J.E. JOHNSTONE CAPT. TOPOGRAPHICAL ENGINEERS U.S.A. ASSISTANTS TOPOGRAPHY BY T.W. WERNER J.J.S. HASSLER R.D. CUTTS G.D. WISE ASSTS. J.C. NEILSON SUB-ASST. J.B. GLUCK & H.L. WHITING ASSTS. HYDROGRAPHY BY THE PARTIES UNDER THE COMMAND OF LIEUTS. COMDG. G.M. BACHE S.P. LEE W.P. McARTHUR C.H. McBLAIR & R. WAINWRIGHT U.S.N. ASSTS. PUBLISHED IN 1861 A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT SCALE 1/80,000 (TOP LEFT). SCALES IN STATUTE MILES, YARDS AND NAUTICAL MILES (BELOW TITLE). SYMBOL OF COAST SURVEY OFFICE WITH "VERIFIED", SIGNED BY W.R. PALMER "CAPT. TOPL. ENGRS. ASST. C.S. IN CHARGE OF OFFICE." (BELOW & LEFT OF TITLE). "NO 17" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). "PRESENTED UNDER AUTHORITY OF AN ACT OF CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES OF JUNE 3d. 1844 AND BY DIRECTION OF THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT COAST SURVEY" (CENTER TOP MARGIN). "ELECTROTYPE COPY No. 3 BY G. MATHIOT U.S.C.S. (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). "REDd. DRng. BY W.M.C. FAIRFAX ASST. & J.R.P. MECHLIN." (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). ENGd. BY F. DANKWORTH A.ROLLE J.KNIGHT & G.B. METZEROTH." (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). INSET "CHESAPEAKE BAY DIAGRAM OF SHEETS" (CENTER LEFT, 9 X 4.9 CM.). "SAILING DIRECTIONS" (BELOW INSET). "SAILING DIRECTIONS" (CENTER, TOP). TABLES AND/OR NOTES ON "LIGHT HOUSES", "TIDES", "TIDAL CURRENTS", "VARIATIONS OF THE MAGNETIC NEEDLE", "SOUNDINGS", AND "ABBREVIATIONS OF BOTTOMS" (BOTTOM RIGHT IN ORDER AS LISTED). COMPASS ROSES (RIGHT OF CENTER, BOTTOM LEFT OF CENTER, AND BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). THERE IS NO HEAVY NEAT LINE AT THE BOTTOM. THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. LONGITUDE FROM NEW YORK CITY HALL (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS) AND FROM GREENWICH (TOP BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS)


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1861 (1857)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 75.6 X 95.5 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 81.5 X 100.8 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 80,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 6 STATUTE MILES = 12 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-501
# 2 : MSA SC1399-625
# 3 : MSA SC1399-461 (1857 PRELIMINARY ED.)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : C015-2U1
# 2 : B014-DUD
# 3 : A016-HDU (1857 PRELIMINARY ED.)
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED CHART OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : U.S.C.S. CHART (4)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1 OF 6
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN IN SHADING.
: BOTTOM CONDITIONS ARE INDICATED.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NEW YORK & GREENWICH (9)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 357U2.
BEST INFO SOURCE : USCS ANNUAL REPORT & NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS
DESCRIPTION : THIS CHART IS THE NORTHERN MOST OF A SERIES OF SIX CHARTS COVERING THE LENGTH OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY. THE CHARTS ARE NUMBERED FROM 31 AT THE HEAD OF THE BAY TO 36 AT THE ENTRANCE. THIS FINISHED CHART SHOWS COMPLETED HYDROGRAPHY AND TOPOGRAPHY OF THE AREA COVERED TOGETHER WITH MANY SAILING DIRECTIONS AND NOTES. THIS SERIES REPRESENTS THE MOST COMPLETE CHARTING OF THE BAY DONE UP TO THE TIME OF ITS COMPLETION AND IS BASED ON EXTENSIVE TRIANGULATION OF THE WHOLE AREA, WHICH HAD NOT BEEN DONE BEFORE. THIS CHART WENT THROUGH FOUR MORE EDITIONS BEFORE BEING SUPERSEDED.

APPARENTLY THIS CHART WAS COMPLETED IN 1861 WITH ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS TO AN EARLIER PRELIMINARY VERSION DATED 1857 (SEE CHART # 357U2). THE INITIAL PUBLICATION WAS IN 1863, BUT IT WAS NOT ISSUED TO THE PUBLIC UNTIL THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1864, WHICH WAS RELEASED IN 1866. CHARTS THOUGHT TO BE USEFUL TO THE SOUTH WERE WITHHELD UNTIL THE END OF THE WAR. THIS ONE WAS ILLUSTRATION NO. 17 IN THE 1864 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS.

DATA IS FROM THE USCS ANNUAL REPORTS FOR 1861 AND 1864, FROM THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS # 136 AND # 1226 AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS, THERE WERE FIVE DIFFERENT PLATES FOR THIS CHART # 136 PRIOR TO ITS BEING SUPERSEDED BY CHART # 1226. EACH OF THE PLATES WAS REPRINTED MANY TIMES.

PRELIMINARY EDITION - (1857) - THIS CHART WAS UNFINISHED BUT WAS RELEASED IN THE SUPERINTENDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT TO SHOW THE SURVEY PROGRESS. IT IS AVAILABLE ONLY ON THIN PAPER USED IN THAT REPORT. THE TITLE READS "CHESAPEAKE BAY SHEET NO. 1 FROM THE HEAD OF THE BAY TO THE MOUTH OF THE MAGOTHY RIVER." THE DATE IS NOW 1857 IN THE TITLE. THE MARGINAL NOTES IN ED. 1- ST.1 ARE MISSING. THE SCALES ARE IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT. THE DIAGRAM OF SHEETS OF THE 1861 EDITION IS MISSING. THE TOPOGRAPHY IS INCOMPLETE AND THE SHOAL AREAS ARE NOT SHADED. THE NOTES IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT ARE IN TWO COLUMNS RATHER THAN 1 AS IN THE 1861 EDITION. SEE CHART # 357U2.

ED. 1 - STATE 1 - (1861) - THE DATE ON THE CHART IS 1861, BUT THE FIRST PUBLICATION WAS IN 1863. THE PLATE NUMBER OF THIS EDITION WAS # 1021. THIS IS THE CHART DESCRIBED HEREIN.

- STATE 2 - (1872) - THE DATA WAS REVISED AND UPDATED AND THE SAME PLATE NUMBER WAS USED IN THIS RERELEASE.

ED. 2 - (1877) - THIS EDITION WAS ISSUED IN JUNE, 1877. THE PLATE NUMBER WAS # 1235.

ED. 3 - (1897) - THIS EDITION WAS ISSUED IN DECEMBER, 1897. THE PLATE NUMBER WAS # 2497.

ED. 4 - (1899) - THIS EDITION WAS ISSUED IN AUGUST, 1899. THE PLATE NUMBER WAS # 2602.

ED. 5 - (1905) - THIS FINAL EDITION WAS ISSUED IN MAY, 1905. THE PLATE NUMBER WAS # 2797.

THIS CHART WAS SUPERSEDED BY CHART # 1226, WHICH WAS FIRST ISSUED IN JUNE, 1913 AS PLATE # 3358. THE TITLE WAS CHANGED TO CHESAPEAKE BAY - SANDY POINT TO HEAD OF BAY, BUT THE SCALE REMAINED 1-80,000. THE PLATE WAS BEGUN ON 5/21/12 AND FINISHED ON 6/18/13. THE ENGRAVING WAS NOT AN ORIGINAL PLATE BUT A BASSO MADE FROM PLATE # 2797. NUMEROUS REISSUES WERE MADE THROUGH 8/20/20.

SUBSEQUENT PLATES WERE DONE ON APRIL 28, 1921 (PLATE # 3690) AND MARCH 1, 1934 (PLATE # 4210-11-12-13). THE LATTER WAS REVISED AND REISSUED MANY TIMES AT LEAST THROUGH 1968.

DATA IS PRIMARILY FROM THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARD.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A VERY POOR COPY ON THIN PAPER, SEPARATED BADLY AT THE FOLDS, WITH SOME BROWNING AT THE FOLDS. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF C015-2U1 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-501. THE COLLECTION HAS A SECOND COPY, ALSO BROWNED AND SOMEWHAT SEPARATED AT THE FOLDS. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF B014-DUD AND A MdHR # OF MSA SC1399-625. IT IS CROPPED ON THE LEFT SIDE, WITH SOME LOSS OF THE NEAT LINE AT THE BOTTOM. THERE ARE TWO TEARS ON THE LEFT SIDE GOING THROUGH THE NEAT LINE. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A COPY OF THE 1857 PRELIMINARY CHART IN GOOD CONDITION WITH SOME SLIGHT BROWNING AT THE FOLDS ON THIN PAPER. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF A016-HDU AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-461.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1861, H.R. EX. DOC. No. 70, 37th CONGRESS, 2d. SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1862, 5, 150, 153, 155, 166; U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1864, H.R. EX. DOC. No. 15, 38th CONGRESS, 2d. SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1866, 5, 102; NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, CHART HISTORY CARDS, # 136 AND # 1226; MORRISON, RUSSELL & ROBERT HANSEN, CHARTING THE CHESAPEAKE, ANNAPOLIS: MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES, 1990, 147.

February 24, 1993


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