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MAP #: 361H5

CARTOGRAPHER : HEYNE, CHARLES

DATE: 1861

SHORT TITLE : MAP OF PART OF VIRGINIA, MARYLAND AND DELAWARE

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM THE BEST AUTHORITIES 1861. E. & G.W. BLUNT 179 WATER STREET NEW YORK (NO CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). "COMPILED FROM OFFICIAL SOURCES & DRAWN BY CHAS. HEYNE C.E." (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER INSIDE BORDER). "LITH. OF J. BIEN, 180 BROADWAY N.Y." (BETWEEN TITLE AND BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). "ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR 1861 BY E. & G.W. BLUNT IN THE CLERKS OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK" (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). SCALES IN STATUTE AND NAUTICAL MILES (3 1/8 INCHES = 20 STATUTE MILES, BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS & REFERENCES (ABOVE SCALES). LONGITUDE WEST FROM LONDON (TOP BORDER). LONGITUDE FROM WASHINGTON (BOTTOM BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1861
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : NEW YORK
PUBLISHER : E. & G.W. BLUNT
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 95.3 X 66.2 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 400,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 20 MILES = 7.95 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-282
# 2 : MSA SC1399-294
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : H017-HHG
# 2 : LC017-DUP
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : CIVIL WAR MAP (3)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : WASHINGTON & GREENWICH (8)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : PHILLIPS AND MATHEWS BOTH LIST THE MAP.
DESCRIPTION : THIS LARGE SCALE LITHOGRAPH MAP COVERS ALL OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND MARYLAND, SHOWING ROADS, RAIL LINES, COUNTIES, CITIES AND VILLAGES. EXTENSIVE SOUNDINGS ARE GIVEN IN THE CHESAPEAKE. SHOALS ARE SHOWN AS DOTTED LINES. THE ENTIRE WATER AREA OF THE BAY IS DEPICTED AS HORIZONTAL PARALLEL LINES, DENSER NEAR THE SHORELINE. THIS MAP WAS LITHOGRAPHED BY J. BIEN OF 180 BROADWAY, NEW YORK CITY. IT WAS PUBLISHED BY E. & G. W. BLUNT. THE MAP IS BACKED BY 19TH CENTURY LINEN. ON THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS DUPLICATE IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION, IT IS CUT INTO SMALL SECTIONS SO IT CAN BE MORE READILY FOLDED.

EDMUND BLUNT BEGAN NAUTICAL PUBLISHING IN 1796 WITH HIS PUBLICATION OF THE AMERICAN COAST PILOT BY CAPT. LAWRENCE FURLONG. HE AND HIS SONS WHO SUCCEEDED HIM IN THE BUSINESS SOON BEGAN CHART PUBLISHING. DURING THE 1820S THE FIRM INCREASINGLY USED DATA FROM ITS OWN SURVEYS, WHEREAS EARLIER CHARTS PUBLISHED BY THEM WERE COMPILED BY OTHERS OR COPIED WITH MINOR CHANGES. BY 1830, EDMUND BLUNT'S FIRM BECAME KNOWN AS E. & G.W. BLUNT, AFTER EDMUND'S RETIREMENT FROM THE FIRM AND HIS ASSOCIATION WITH THE COAST SURVEY. HIS SONS, YOUNG EDMUND AND GEORGE WILLIAM BLUNT TOOK OVER. GEORGE WILLIAM PRINCIPALLY RAN THE BUSINESS, WHILE EDMUND BECAME AN ASSISTANT IN THE COAST SURVEY. MANY OF THE FIRMS ASSETS WERE SOLD IN 1867 AND 1868, INCLUDING THE PLATES AND COPYRIGHTS OF THE AMERICAN COAST PILOT, OTHER BOOKS, CHARTS AND THREE COPPERPLATE PRESSES. IN 1866, THE NAME OF THE COMPANY WAS CHANGED TO BLUNT & NICHOLS AND THE FIRM WAS FINALLY CLOSED IN 1872. THE CHARTS PUBLISHED BY THE BLUNT FIRM FROM 1860 TO 1864 WERE UNDOUBTEDLY USED AS AIDS IN THE CIVIL WAR.

DATA IS FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION, FROM GUTHORN, AND FROM TOOLEY'S DICTIONARY.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THE MAP WAS ISSUED AS A SEPARATE. IN ADDITION TO THE STATE OF THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN, STEPHENSON INDICATES THAT THERE ARE TWO VARIANT STATES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

ONE STATE - (1861) - THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN. IT HAS THE LITHOGRAPHERS STATEMENT AND EXCLUDES THE SYMBOL FOR BATTERIES IN THE LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND REFERENCES IN THGE BOTTOM LEFT CORNER OF THE MAP.

ANOTHER STATE - (1861) - THE SYMBOL FOR BATTERIES IS ADDED IN THE LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND REFERENCES.

ANOTHER STATE - (1861) - THE LITHOGRAPHER'S NAME IS DROPPED AND FORTS CORCORAN, RUNYON, ALBANY AND ELLSWORTH ARE SHOWN ON THE VIRGINIA SIDE OF THE POTOMAC RIVER AT WASHINGTON.

DATA IS FROM STEPHENSON AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS TWO COPIES OF THIS CHART. THE COPY DESCRIBED HAS AN ACQ. # OF J017-HHG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-282. IN ADDITION, THE COLLECTION HAS A DUPLICATE COPY OBTAINED FROM THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WITH AN ACQ. # OF LC017-DUP AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-294.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 261, 397, 989; MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY V. I, PART IV, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1897, 375; TOOLEY, R. V., TOOLEY'S DICTIONARY OF MAP-MAKERS, TRING, HERTFORDSHIRE: MAP COLLECTOR PUBLICATIONS, LTD., 1979, 65; GUTHORN, PETER J., UNITED STATES COASTAL CHARTS 1783-1861, EXTON, PA: SCHIFFER PUBLISHING, LTD., 1984, 9-11; RISTOW, WALTER W. AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS COMMERCIAL CARTOGRAPHY IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1985, 227-231; STEPHENSON, RICHARD W., CIVIL WAR MAPS AN ANNOTATED LIST OF MAPS AND ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, WASHINGTON: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, 1989 (2ND ED.), 34, ITEMS 13.4, 13.5, AND 13.6.

December 19, 1991


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