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MAP #: 359U9

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1859

SHORT TITLE : SKETCH C SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY IN SECTION NO. III

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM 1843 TO 1859 SCALE 1/400,000 1859 (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "NO. 9" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). SCALE IN STATUTE MILES (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). "U.S. COAST SURVEY A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT" (ABOVE TITLE). TABLE OF "NOTES" (ABOVE STATUTE MILE SCALE). ENGRAVING EXTENDS INTO TOP AND RIGHT MARGINS THROUGH THE NEAT LINES. THE SKETCH IS WIDER AT THE BOTTOM THAN AT THE TOP (57 CM. AT TOP AND 58.2 CM. AT BOTTOM). THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1860
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 86.7 X 57.0 CM. (BETWEEN NEAT LINES)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 92.4 X 66.7 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 400,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 40 STATUTE MILES = 15.9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-590
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : C015-2U1
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS TYPE CHART (4)
: PROGRESS SKETCH (20)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE CHART.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOAL SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY SHADING AND BY DOTTED LINES.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE 1859 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS IS THE ONLY SOURCE FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS SKETCH OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AREA WAS ISSUED AS SKETCH NO. 9 TO ILLUSTRATE THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY, SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1859. THE REPORT WAS PRINTED IN WASHINGTON BY THOMAS H. FORD, IN 1860. IT GIVES THE MAJOR AND SECONDARY TRIANGULATION LINES FOR THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ITS RIVERS. THE SKETCH ALSO SHOWS BY DOTTED LINES THE AERIAL EXTENT OF MORE DETAILED SHEETS OF THE TOPOGRAPHY AND HYDROGRAPHY, WHICH WERE DONE IN MANUSCRIPT AND NEVER PUBLISHED OR ISSUED TO THE PUBLIC, TOGETHER WITH THEIR NUMBERS AND DATES OF EXECUTION. ASTRONOMICAL, MAGNETIC, TIDAL AND CURRENT STATIONS IN USE ARE NOTED.

THE WORK IN THIS SECTION WAS 80-90% COMPLETED AS OF THE END OF 1859. IN 1859, THE TRIANGULATION OF THE POTOMAC WAS EXTENDED FROM THE MOUTH OF ST. MARY'S TO THE VICINITY OF BRITTON'S BAY; THAT OF THE JAMES RIVER WAS COMPLETED BY WORK AT HAMPTON ROADS AND A BASE MEASURED NEAR CLAREMOND FOR VERIFYING THE TRIANGULATION OF THE UPPER JAMES RIVER AND OF THE APPOMATTOX. THE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE OUTER COAST OF MARYLAND WAS CONTINUED AND THAT OF THE SHORES OF CHINCOTEAGUE BAY COMPLETED. THE SHORE LINE OF THE PATUXENT WAS TRACED FROM HOLLAND'S POINT TO HALL'S CREEK, AND THAT OF THE ST. MARY'S, MD. FROM ITS ENTRANCE UPWARD TO WAREHOUSE POINT, NEARLY COMPLETING THE PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THESE RIVERS. THE SHORES OF THE JAMES RIVER WERE TRACED BETWEEN WESTOVER AND LITTLE BRANDON, COMPLETING THE PRELIMINARY SURVEY. THE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE WESTERN SHORE OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY BETWEEN RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER AND MOBJACK BAY WAS NEARLY COMPLETED. SOUNDINGS WERE NEARLY COMPLETED IN THE PATUXENT AND ST. MARY'S RIVERS AND ENTIRELY IN THE JAMES RIVER AND THE BIG AND LITTLE ANNEMESSEX, DEPENDENCIES OF TANGIER SOUND. OBSERVATIONS WITH SELF REGISTERING TIDE GAUGES WERE KEPT UP AT THE WASHINGTON NAVY YARD AND AT OLD POINT COMFORT.

DURING THE YEAR, ONE TRIANGULATION PARTY, ONE TRIANGULATION AND TOPOGRAPHICAL PARTY, ONE TOPOGRAPHICAL AND ONE HYDROGRAPHIC PARTY WERE EMPLOYED IN SECTION III.

THE CHART OF YORK RIVER, FROM KING'S CREEK TO WEST POINT WAS DRAWN AND ENGRAVED FOR PUBLICATION. THE TOPOGRAPHY AND LETTERING OF COAST CHARTS NO. 31, CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM ITS HEAD TO MAGOTHY RIVER; OF NO. 33 FROM HUDSON RIVER, MARYLAND TO THE POTOMAC; OF THE FINISHED CHART OF PATAPSCO RIVER AND OF THE OUTLINES OF COAST CHART FROM GREEN RIVER TO LITTLE MACHIPONGO INLET (FROM A PHOTOGRAPHIC REDUCTION) WERE ENGRAVED. PROGRESS WAS MADE IN THE DRAWING AND ENGRAVING OF COAST CHARTS NOS. 35 AND 36 FROM POCOMOKE SOUND TO THE ENTRANCE TO CHESAPEAKE BAY; IN THE DRAWING OF GENERAL COAST CHART NO. IV FROM CAPE MAY TO CURRITUCK SOUND; OF COAST CHARTS NOS. 28 AND 29 (THE LATTER MAINLY BY PHOTOGRAPHY) FROM CAPE HENLOPEN TO LITTLE MACHIPONGO INLET; NO. 33 CHESAPEAKE BAY, THE SHEET OF JAMES RIVER FROM RICHMOND TO CITY POINT; AND COAST CHART NO. 37 FROM CAPE HENRY TO CURRITUCK SOUND; AND ALSO IN THE ENGRAVING OF COAST CHARTS NO. 32 CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM MAGOTHY RIVER TO THE HUDSON, MARYLAND AND NO. 34 FROM THE POTOMAC TO POCOMOKE SOUND.

DATA IS FROM THE 1859 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : INFORMAL REPORTS WERE MADE ANNUALLY BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY FROM 1816 THROUGH 1850. THESE WERE PUBLISHED BY THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT AND WERE SENT TO CONGRESS. BEGINNING WITH 1851, THESE PROGRESS REPORTS BECAME MORE FORMAL. THEY WERE PRODUCED IN MUCH LARGER QUANTITY AND WERE MORE WIDELY DISTRIBUTED TO SCHOOLS AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS AND INDIVIDUALS IN ADDITION TO CONGRESS. THE U.S. COAST SURVEY BECAME THE PUBLISHER BEGINNING IN 1851. THE WIDER DISSEMINATION WAS AN ATTEMPT BY THE AGENCY TO BUILD A WIDER BASE OF SUPPORT FOR THE ACTIVITIES OF THE COAST SURVEY. BEGINNING IN 1844, THESE REPORTS DESCRIBED IN CONSIDERABLE DETAIL THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY INCLUDING IN SECTION III, WHICH PRIMARILY CONSISTED OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND THE OCEAN FRONT OF DELAWARE, MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. ANNUAL PROGRESS SKETCHES WERE APPENDED, SHOWING THE EXTENT OF THE TRIANGULATION, TOPOGRAPHY, HYDROGRAPHY AND OTHER WORK ACCOMPLISHED UP TO THAT TIME.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY ON THIN PAPER WITH SOME BROWNING AT THE FOLDS AND FOUR BROWN SPOTS AT THE INTERSECTION OF THE FOLDS, TOP AND BOTTOM. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF C015-2U1 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-590.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY, SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1859, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 41, 36TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1860, 3, 7-8, 12, 15, 51-57, 110, 186, 191, 193-195, 204-205, 210, 213, 215.

February 24, 1993


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