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MAP #: 359U3

CARTOGRAPHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1859

SHORT TITLE : PRELIMINARY CHART OF CHESAPEAKE BAY SHEET NO. 5

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM THE ENTRANCE TO POCOMOKE SOUND TO THE MOUTH OF YORK RIVER FROM A TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY UNDER THE DIRECTION OF A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES. TRIANGULATION BY E. BLUNT & S.A. GILBERT ASSISTANTS TOPOGRAPHY BY J. SEIB G.D. WISE I. HULL ADAMS ASSISTS. & S.A. WAINWRIGHT SUB- ASSIST. HYDROGRAPHY BY THE PARTIES UNDER THE COMMAND OF LIEUTS. COMDG. J.J. ALMY B.F. SANDS & R. WAINWRIGHT U.S.N. ASSISTANTS PUBLISHED IN 1859 SCALE 1/80.000 (BOTTOM RIGHT). "SAILING DIRECTIONS", TABLE OF "LIGHT HOUSES", "LIGHT VESSELS", "TIDES" AND "TIDAL CURRENTS", THE LATTER NOT YET FILLED IN (CENTER RIGHT). "NOTE" AND "ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE BOTTOMS OF THIS MAP" (CENTER LEFT). SCALES IN STATUTE MILES, YARDS AND NAUTICAL MILES (BOTTOM RIGHT UNDER TITLE). SYMBOL OF U.S. COAST SURVEY OFFICE WITH "VERIFIED", SIGNED BY W.R. PALMER, "CAPT. TOPL. ENGRS. ASST. C.S. IN CHARGE OF OFFICE." (BELOW AND TO RIGHT OF TITLE). THERE ARE NO HEAVY NEAT LINES AT THE TOP OR BOTTOM, WHERE THE CHART CONNECTS TO ADJOINING SHEETS. COMPASS ROSE (LEFT OF CENTER). THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. LONGITUDE (NOT YET LABELED). LATITUDE (RIGHT BORDER).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1859
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 62.2 X 86.1 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 70.4 X 92.9 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 80,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 6 STATUTE MILES = 12 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-502
# 2 : MSA SC1399-591
# 3 : MSA SC1399-301 (REPRO - LATER STATE)
# 4 : MSA SC1399-702 (ED.4 - ST.1)
# 5 : MSA SC1399-703 (ED.4 - LATER STATE)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : C015-DUD
# 2 : B016-DHU
# 3 : - (REPRO - LATER STATE)
# 4 : NOAA012-GIFT (ED.4 - ST.1)
# 5 : NOAA012-GIFT (ED.4 - LATER STATE)
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED CHART OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS CHART (4)
: VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1 OF 6
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE CHART.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE INDICATED BY DOTTED LINE.
: BOTTOM CONDITIONS ARE GIVEN.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NOT YET MARKED
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 377U6, 377U7.
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE USCS ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1859 AND THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS.
DESCRIPTION : THIS VERY DETAILED PRELIMINARY CHART IS # 5 OF A 6 SHEET SERIES COVERING THE ENTIRE BAY. THIS SERIES REPRESENTS THE MOST COMPLETE CHARTING OF THE BAY IN TERMS OF HYDROGRAPHY AND TOPOGRAPHY DONE UP TO THE TIME OF ITS COMPLETION AND IS BASED ON EXTENSIVE TRIANGULATION OF THE WHOLE AREA, WHICH HAD NOT BEEN DONE BEFORE. IT GIVES TOPOGRAPHICAL DATA ON THE NECKS AND COASTAL LANDS ADJACENT TO THE CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM POCOMOKE SOUND IN THE NORTH TO THE MOUTH OF THE YORK RIVER. IT SHOWS LOCATION OF HOUSES AND BUILDINGS, TYPE TERRAIN, DIRECTION IN WHICH CROPS ARE PLANTED, FARM ROADS, RAILROADS, ETC. HYDROGRAPHIC INFORMATION INCLUDES SOUNDINGS IN FEET UP TO 18, THEN IN FATHOMS. IT HAS VERY WIDESPREAD INDICATIONS OF THE CONDITION OF THE BOTTOM AND HAS SHOALS MARKED BY DOTTED LINES. BUOYS AND CHANNEL COURSES ARE DRAWN. IN SHORT, THIS CHART SUMMARIZES THE VERY BEST DATA AVAILABLE FROM THE ONGOING COAST SURVEY. SEVERAL OF THE SEA AND ALL OF THE LAND AREAS ARE INCOMPLETE, WHICH SHOWS THAT THE SURVEY OF THE AREA HAD NOT BEEN FINISHED AT THE TIME OF THE PUBLICATION OF THIS SHEET. THERE ARE EXTENSIVE SAILING DIRECTIONS AND TABLES OF HYDROGRAPHIC AND OTHER INFORMATION.

THE CHART WAS CHART # 11 IN THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1859, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1860. THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS LIST 4 EDITIONS OF THIS CHART BEFORE IT WAS REPLACED BY CHART 1223 IN 1913. THERE MUST HAVE BEEN HEAVY USE OF THE PLATES, SINCE A TOTAL OF SEVEN PLATES WERE USED.

DATA IS FROM THE USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS, THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS AND OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS LIST 4 EDITIONS OF THIS CHART # 132 BEFORE IT WAS REPLACED BY CHART # 1223 AROUND JUNE, 1913, WHEN A PHOTOLITH WAS MADE.

ED. 1 - PRELIMINARY ED. - STATE 1 - (1859) - THIS IS THE CHART DESCRIBED HEREIN. IT WAS PUBLISHED AS CHART # 11 OF THE USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS FOR 1959 TO SHOW THE SURVEY'S PROGRESS. IT WAS PRELIMINARY IN THAT NEITHER THE TOPOGRAPHY NOR HYDROGRAPHY WERE COMPLETE AT THE TIME OF ITS PUBLICATION. THE PLATE NUMBER WAS 707.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1859) - THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A PHOTOREPRODUCTION OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY OF THIS CHART, WHICH HAS THE SAILING DIRECTIONS BLOCK OF DATA AND TABLES IN THE TOP RIGHT CORNER AND HAS MORE OF THE TOPOGRAPHICAL DATA NORTH OF THE RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER FILLED IN. IT IS OBVIOUSLY A LATER, BUT STILL INCOMPLETE STATE.

ED. 2 - (1862) - TWO PLATES WERE USED DURING THE LIFE OF THIS EDITION, # 837 AND # 982.

ED. 3 - (1872) - THE DATA WAS REVISED AND UPDATED AND RELEASED ON PLATE # 717.

ED. 4 - STATE 1 -(1877) - THE DATA WAS REVISED AND UPDATED AND RELEASED ON PLATE 1211. THE TITLE READS "COAST CHART NO. 32 CHESAPEAKE BAY SHEET NO. 2 RAPPAHANNOCK ENTRANCE MOBJACK BAY CHERRYSTONE INLET." THE DATE 1863 IS IN THE TITLE. "ISSUED AUGUST 1877 CARLILE P. PATTERSON SUPERINTENDENT" (RIGHT OF TITLE DATA). DATE IS SHOWN IN THE BOTTOM MARGIN. IN THE CENTER TOP MARGIN IS "PLATE No. 1211". SAILING DIRECTIONS ARE IN THE TOP RIGHT CORNER. THE UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY SYMBOL IS ABOVE THE TITLE. SEE CHART # 377U6.

- LATER STATE - (1877) - TWO ADDITIONAL PLATES WERE USED SOMETIME AFTER 1886 BEFORE THE CHART WAS SUPERSEDED, PLATES # 1854 AND # 2840, IN 1913. THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION IS FROM PLATE # 2840. "COAST CHART NO. 32" IS DELETED FROM THE TITLE AND THE USCS SYMBOL IS REPLACED BY THE CIRCULAR SYMBOL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR. THE SAILING DIRECTIONS IN THE TOP RIGHT CORNER ARE DELETED. TO THE RIGHT OF THE TITLE DATA IT READS "PUBLISHED AT WASHINGTON, D.C. AUG. 1877; REISSUED MAY 1905 BY THE COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY O.H. TITTMANN, SUPERINTENDENT. THE DATES FOR THE TOPOGRAPHY ARE NOW BETWEEN 1850 AND 1908 AND FOR THE HYDROGRAPHY BETWEEN 1851 AND 1906. "CORRECTIONS FROM SURVEYS BY CORPS. OF ENGRS, U.S.A. TO APRIL 1908." IS ADDED ABOVE THE SCALES. "PLATE No. 2840" IS IN THE CENTER TOP MARGIN. "11 DEC. 12 FEB" IS IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN. "(CHESAPEAKE BAY, YORK RIVER TO POKOMOKE SOUND) C. & G. S. 132" IS IN THE RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN. THE WRITING IN THE PRIOR STATE IN THE BOTTOM MARGIN IS DELETED. SEVERAL NEW AIDS TO NAVIGATION ARE SHOWN IN THE CENTER OF THE BAY OFF WOLF TRAP. SEE CHART # 377U7.

CHART 132 WAS CANCELLED ON 3/14/13 AND REPLACED BY CHART # 1223, ENTITLED CHESAPEAKE BAY - WOLF TRAP TO SMITH POINT. CHART # 1223 ALSO INCLUDED DATA FROM SUPERSEDED CHART 133. THE NEW CHART WAS REISSUED IN MANY EDITIONS AT LEAST THROUGH 1977, THE LAST ENTRY ON THE CHART HISTORY CARD. ON JULY 1, 1974, THE CHART NUMBER WAS CHANGED TO # 12225 WHEN THE NATIONAL OCEAN SURVEY CONVERTED TO A NEW NUMBERING SYSTEM. THE DEC. 6, 1975 RELEASE OF THAT CHART CONTAINED LORAN "C" LINES OF POSITION FOR THE FIRST TIME.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS TWO COPIES OF STATE 1 OF THIS PRELIMINARY CHART ON THIN PAPER WITH SOME BROWNING AT THE FOLDS. ONE COPY HAS SOME DARK STAINS AT THE INTERSECTIONS OF THE UPPER FOLDS. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF B016-DHU AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-591. THE SECOND COPY HAS AN ACQ. # OF C015- DUD AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-502. THE COLLECTION HAS A FULL SIZE REPRODUCTION OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY OF A LATER STATE OF THIS PRELIMINARY CHART WITH A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-301(REPRO). THE COLLECTION HAS A COPY ON HEAVY PAPER OF ED.4 - STATE 1, RESTRUCK FROM PLATE 1211 AROUND 1970. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF NOAA012-GIFT AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-702. FINALLY, THE COLLECTION CONTAINS A COPY ON HEAVY PAPER OF ED.4 - LATER STATE, RESTRUCK FROM PLATE 2840 AROUND 1970. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF NOAA012-GIFT AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-703.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1859, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 41, 36th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1860, 3, 7-8, 11-13, 15, 51-57, 110, 186, 191-195; NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, CHART HISTORY CARDS [MANUSCRIPT], # 132 AND # 1223; MORRISON, RUSSELL & ROBERT HANSEN, CHARTING THE CHESAPEAKE, ANNAPOLIS: MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES, 1990, 138-139.

February 24, 1993


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