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MAP #: 359U1

CARTOGRAPHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1859

SHORT TITLE : PRELIMINARY CHART OF CHESAPEAKE BAY SHEET NO. 4

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM THE POTOMAC RIVER TO THE ENTRANCE TO POCOMOKE SOUND FROM A TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY UNDER THE DIRECTION OF A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES TRIANGULATION BY E. BLUNT AND S.A. GILBERT ASSISTANTS TOPOGRAPHY BY R.D.CUTTS J.SEIB I. HULL ADAMS ASSISTANTS AND S.A. WAINWRIGHT SUB-ASSISTANT HYDROGRAPHY BY THE PARTIES UNDER THE COMMAND OF LIEUTS. COMDG. S.P.LEE J.J.ALMY & COMDR. W.T. MUSE U.S.N. ASSTS. PUBLISHED IN 1859 SCALE 1/80,000 (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). NOTES AND/OR TABLES ON "SAILING DIRECTIONS", "LIGHT HOUSES", "LIGHT VESSELS", "TIDES", SOUNDINGS, AND DATES THAT THE WORK ON THE CHART WAS ACCOMPLISHED (TOP RIGHT CORNER). "ABBREVIATIONS IN THE BOTTOMS OF THIS MAP" (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). SCALES IN STATUTE MILES, YARDS, AND NAUTICAL MILES (BELOW TITLE). SYMBOL OF THE COAST SURVEY OFFICE WITH "VERIFIED", SIGNED BY W.R. PALMER "CAPT. TOPL. ENGRS. ASST. C.S. IN CHARGE OF OFFICE." (BELOW AND TO LEFT OF TITLE). THERE IS NO HEAVY NEAT LINE AT THE BOTTOM. THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (BOTTOM BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT BORDER).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1859
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 64.2 X 96.4 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 70.9 X 99.0 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 80,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 6 STATUTE MILES = 12 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-504
# 2 : MSA SC1399-568
# 3 : MSA SC1399-308 (REPRO - 1859 ED.1 -ST. 2)
# 4 : MSA SC1399-704 (ED.2)
# 5 : MSA SC1399-511 (CHART # 33 - 1862 ED. - ST.1 - CHART SHEET 4)
# 6 : MSA SC1399-634 (CHART # 33 - 1862 ED. - ST.1 - CHART SHEET 4)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : C015-DUD # 2 : B016-DHU # 3 : - # 4 : NOAA010-GIFT (ED.2) # 5 : C015-DUD (CHART # 33 - 1862 ED.) # 6 : B014-HT (CHART # 33 - 1862 ED.)
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED CHART OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS CHART (4) : VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1 OF 6
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS. : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES. : BOTTOM CONDITIONS ARE INDICATED.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 359U2, 362U9.
BEST INFO SOURCE : USCS ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1859 AND NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS.
DESCRIPTION : THIS PRELIMINARY CHART IS SHEET 4 OF A SERIES OF 6 COVERING THE ENTIRE CHESAPEAKE BAY. THIS SERIES, IN ITS FINISHED FORM, REPRESENTS THE MOST COMPLETE CHARTING OF THE BAY IN TERMS OF HYDROGRAPHY AND TOPOGRAPHY DONE UP TO THE TIME OF ITS COMPLETION AND IS BASED ON EXTENSIVE TRIANGULATION OF THE WHOLE AREA, WHICH HAD NOT BEEN DONE AS COMPLETELY BEFORE. THE FINISHED CHART GIVES TOPOGRAPHICAL DATA ON THE NECKS AND COASTAL LANDS ADJACENT TO THE CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM THE POTOMAC RIVER IN THE NORTH TO POCOMOKE SOUND, SHOWING THE LOCATION OF HOUSES AND BUILDINGS, TYPE TERRAIN, DIRECTION IN WHICH CROPS ARE PLANTED, FARM ROADS, RAILROADS, ETC. IN THIS PRELIMINARY CHART, MOST OF THE TOPOGRAPHICAL DETAILS EXCEPT ROADS AND LOCATION OF BUILDINGS HAVE NOT YET BEEN INCLUDED. THE FINISHED CHART SHOWS THE SAME DATES FOR THE WORK ON THE CHART AS FOR THE PRELIMINARY ONE, SO PRESUMABLY IT HAD JUST NOT BEEN DRAWN IN. HYDROGRAPHIC INFORMATION INCLUDES SOUNDINGS IN FEET UP TO 18, THEN IN FATHOMS. IT HAS VERY WIDESPREAD INDICATIONS OF THE CONDITION OF THE BOTTOM AND HAS SHOALS MARKED BY DOTTED LINES. BUOYS AND CHANNEL COURSES ARE DRAWN. IN SHORT, THIS CHART SUMMARIZES THE VERY BEST DATA AVAILABLE FROM THE ONGOING COAST SURVEY WORK AT THE TIME. THERE ARE EXTENSIVE SAILING DIRECTIONS AND TABLES OF HYDROGRAPHIC AND OTHER INFORMATION.

THIS PRELIMINARY CHART WAS CHART #10 IN THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1859, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1960.

THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A REPRODUCTION OF A COPY IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WHICH HAS THE DATE 1859 BUT IS CURIOUS IN THAT THE TOPOGRAPHY SOUTH OF THE POTOMAC RIVER IS COMPLETE, BUT EVERYTHING NORTH OF THE RIVER IS MISSING. LATER COPIES IN THIS SERIES OF SIX CHARTS DIAGRAM THE SHEETS. THEY SHOW AN OVERLAP BETWEEN SHEETS COAST CHARTS # 33 AND # 34, JUST NORTH OF THE POTOMAC RIVER. IT IS LIKELY THAT THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CHART WAS A PROOF COPY OF THE FINISHED CHART WITH THE OVERLAPPED AREA DELETED FOR EASE OF PROOFING, SINCE THERE WAS NO VERIFICATION SIGNATURE OR LEGEND AND NO MARGINAL MARKINGS IN THE TOP MARGIN. ODDLY ENOUGH, THOUGH, W.T. MUSE IS LISTED IN THE TITLE OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY AS LIEUT. COMMANDG., WHEREAS IN THE LESS COMPLETE PRELIMINARY CHART HE IS LISTED WITH THE TITLE COMMANDER.

DATA IS FROM THE 1859 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES AND PHOTOCOPIES OF THIS CHART IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS LIST SIX EDITIONS OF THIS CHART # 133 BEFORE IT WAS REPLACED BY CHARTS # 1223 AND 1224 AROUND JUNE, 1913, WHEN A PHOTOLITH WAS MADE.

ED. 1 - STATE 1 [?] - (1859) - THIS IS THE CHART DESCRIBED HEREIN. IT HAS THE WORDS "PRELIMINARY CHART OF" BEFORE THE TITLE. IT WAS INCLUDED IN THE USCS ANNUAL REPORT OF 1859. IT IS ON PLATE # 706.

- STATE 2 [?] - (1859) - THIS IS A COPY OF THE SAME CHART WITHOUT "PRELIMINARY..." IN THE TITLE, WITH TOPOGRAPHY COMPLETE BELOW THE POTOMAC RIVER, BUT NO DATA AT ALL NORTH OF THE RIVER. A COPY IS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. SEE MAP # 359U2.

ED. 2 - (1866) - DATA WAS REVISED AND REISSUED FROM PLATE # 1030. THE WORDS "PRELIMINARY CHART OF" IN THE TITLE OF THE PRIOR EDITION NOW READS "COAST CHART NO. 33 SHEET NO. 3 POTOMAC ENTRANCE TANGIER AND POCOMOKE SOUND." AT THE BOTTOM OF THE TITLE DATA IT READS "EDITION OF 1866". A DIAGRAM OF SHEETS OF THE CHART SERIES OF THE BAY IS ON THE CENTER LEFT SIDE. THE SHOAL AREAS ARE NOW SHADED RATHER THAN DOTTED LINES. SEE CHART # 366U7.

ED. 3 - (1872) - DATA WAS REVISED AND REISSUED FROM PLATE # 1049.

ED. 4 - (1877) - DATA WAS REVISED AND REISSUED FROM PLATE # 1915 IN AUGUST, 1877. APPARENTLY THE REVISION RELATED TO THE BOUNDARY BETWEEN VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND.

ED. 5 - (1905) - DATA WAS REVISED AND REISSUED FROM PLATE # 2923 IN MAY, 1905.

ED. 6 - (1907) - DATA WAS REVISED AND REISSUED FROM PLATE # 3000 IN SEPT., 1907.

THE CHART WAS SUPERSEDED BY A COMBINATION OF CHARTS # 1223 AND 1224 AROUND JUNE, 1913 BY A CHART ENTITLED CHESAPEAKE BAY - WOLF TRAP TO SMITH'S POINT. IT WAS REPUBLISHED FREQUENTLY IN PHOTOLITH FORM. ON JULY 1, 1974 CHART # 1223 WAS CHANGED TO # 12225 WHEN THE NATIONAL OCEAN SURVEY CONVERTED TO A NEW NUMBERING SYSTEM. LORAN "C" LINES OF POSITION WERE ADDED IN THE DECEMBER 6, 1975 RELEASE.

DATA IS FROM THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES AND REPRODUCTION IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS TWO COPIES OF THIS PRELIMINARY CHART, BOTH ON THIN PAPER WITH SOME BROWNING AT THE FOLDS. ONE COPY HAS AN ACQ. # OF C015-DUD AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-504. THE OTHER HAS SOME DARK STAINS AT THE UPPER INTERSECTIONS OF THE FOLDS. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF B014-2U1 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-568. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A FULL SIZE REPRODUCTION OF WHAT APPEARS TO BE A LATER STATE OF THE CHART FROM THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY WITH A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-308(REPRO). THE COLLECTION HAS A COPY OF ED.2 ON HEAVY PAPER, RESTRUCK FROM PLATE 1030 AROUND 1970. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF NOAA012-GIFT AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-704. FINALLY, THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS TWO COPIES OF THE 1862 STATE OF CHART # 33, WHICH INCLUDED PART OF THE DATA ON THE CHART DESCRIBED HEREIN. THEY HAVE ACQ. #S OF C015-2U1 AND B014-HT AND MDHR #S OF MSA SC1399-511 AND MSA SC1399-634 RESPECTIVELY.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1859, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 41, 36th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1860, 3, 7-8, 11-13, 15, 51-57, 110, 186, 191-195; NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, CHART HISTORY CARDS [MANUSCRIPT], # 133, # 1223 AND # 1224; MORRISON, RUSSELL & ROBERT HANSEN, CHARTING THE CHESAPEAKE, ANNAPOLIS: MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES, 1990, 138-139.

February 24, 1993


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