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MAP #: 357Y5

CARTOGRAPHER : YOUNG, JAMES HAMILTON

DATE: 1857

SHORT TITLE : A NEW MAP OF THE STATE OF VIRGINIA

REMAINING TITLE & ID : EXHIBITING ITS INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS ROADS DISTANCES &c. BY J.H. YOUNG. PHILADELPHIA: PUBLISHED BY CHARLES DESILVER 1857. (TOP CENTER OF MAP, SURROUNDED BY CIRCULAR LINES MAKING A CARTOUCHE OF SORTS). "ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR 1856 BY CHARLES DESILVER IN THE CLERK'S OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA" (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN OUTSIDE THE ELABORATE SCROLL WORK THAT SURROUNDS THE MAP). TABLE OF PRINCIPAL RAILROAD & STAGE ROUTES THROUGH VIRGINIA (TOP RIGHT CORNER). INSET MEASURING 9.3 X 9.1 CM ENTITLED DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA (TOP LEFT CORNER). "17." (BOTTOM RIGHT MARGIN, WITH THE NUMBERS ORIENTED TO THE LEFT). TABLE OF EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS (BETWEEN THE INSET AND THE TITLE). THE MAP EXTENDS SLIGHTLY THROUGH THE LATITUDE BORDERS ON THE RIGHT AND LEFT. LONGITUDE FROM WASHINGTON (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1857 (1856)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : CHARLES DESILVER
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 29.0 X 37.0 CM. (+ DECORATIVE SCROLLWORK BORDER)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 200,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 1 9/16 INCHES = 50 MILES
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : G3880 1857 .Y6
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-4 (REPRO)
HFC ACQ. PRIORITY : 5
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : -
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL AREA MAP OF SOME INTEREST TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
: RAILROAD MAP (8)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : CURLED LINES (19)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : WASHINGTON (5)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : PHILLIPS ATLASES AND RISTOW ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP COVERS VIRGINIA, MARYLAND AND DELAWARE AND THE CHESAPEAKE BAY. ROADS, RAILROADS, ROAD DISTANCES IN MILES, COUNTY SEATS, STATE CAPITOLS AND MOUNTAINS ARE SHOWN. THE MAP DIVIDES VIRGINIA INTO COUNTIES, ALTHOUGH MARYLAND IS NOT SO SHOWN. THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AREA IS DEPICTED WITHOUT SOUNDINGS OR SHOALS, BUT WITH THE BAY FILLED IN WITH SHORE CONFORMING PARALLEL LINES TO DENOTE WATER. AN INTERESTING FEATURE OF THIS MAP IS THE TABLE GIVING PRINCIPAL RAILROAD AND STAGE ROUTES THROUGH VIRGINIA, SHOWING MILES AND FREQUENCY OF SERVICE. THE INSET IN THE TOP LEFT CORNER SHOWS THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. THE REPRESENTATION OF MARYLAND IS TOO SMALL TO ADD ANYTHING TO THE GEOGRAPHY OF THE STATE AND HENCE IS OF MINOR IMPORTANCE TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION.

THIS MAP FIRST APPEARED IN S.A. MITCHELL'S A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS CONTAINING MAPS OF THE VARIOUS EMPIRES, KINGDOMS, STATES AND REPUBLICS OF THE WORLD..., PHILADELPHIA: CHARLES DESILVER, 1856 AS MAP # 17. THE MAP ALSO WAS INCLUDED IN THE 1857 AND 1858 EDITIONS, PUBLISHED BY CHARLES DESILVER AND WAS IN THE 1859 EDITION PUBLISHED BY CUSHING & BAILEY OF BALTIMORE. PHILLIPS ATLASES, # 6135 ON THIS LATTER VOLUME INDICATES THAT THE MAPS IN IT BEAR THE IMPRINT AND COPYRIGHT NOTICE OF CHARLES DESILVER.

IN MAY, 1845, MITCHELL ACQUIRED THE COPYRIGHT FOR TANNER'S NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS FROM CAREY & HART, WHICH HAD PREVIOUSLY PURCHASED IT FROM TANNER. MITCHELL PUBLISHED TWO EDITIONS IN 1846. PLATE MARKS WERE MISSING IN THIS ATLAS AFTER MITCHELL ACQUIRED IT, INDICATING THAT THE IMAGES WERE TRANSFERRED TO LITHOGRAPHIC STONES. EDITIONS OF THE ATLAS WERE ISSUED PERIODICALLY UNTIL 1859. MITCHELL PUBLISHED THE ATLAS UNTIL 1850, WHEN THE COPYRIGHT WENT BY PURCHASE TO THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO. OF PHILADELPHIA. IN 1856 CHARLES DESILVER ACQUIRED THE ATLAS COPYRIGHT AND PUBLISHED IT IN 1856, 1857 AND 1858. THE 1859 EDITION STILL CARRIES DESILVER'S COPYRIGHT STATEMENT BUT WAS PUBLISHED BY CUSHINGS & BAILEY OF 362 MARKET STREET IN BALTIMORE. MANY OF THE MAPS WERE ATTRIBUTED TO J.H. YOUNG, WHO WAS A WELL KNOWN ENGRAVER OPERATING IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY.

DATA IS FROM PHILLIPS ATLASES, RISTOW AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE REPRODUCTION COPY OF THE MAP FROM THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THIS MAP WAS PUBLISHED FROM 1856 THROUGH 1859. WRITER HAS NOT SEEN THE 1856, 1858 AND 1859 ISSUES AND DOES NOT KNOW WHETHER ANY VARIATIONS IN THE MAP OCCURRED.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A BLACK AND WHITE PHOTOCOPY OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY IN FULL SIZE. IT HAS A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-4.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., A 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, # 4336, MAP # 17 (1856 ED.), # 823 (1857 ED.), # 4340 (1858 ED.), # 6135, MAP # 17 (1859 ED.); RISTOW, WALTER W., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS COMMERCIAL CARTOGRAPHY IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1985, 310-313.

November 6, 1991


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