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MAP #: 357U7

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1857

SHORT TITLE : PRELIMINARY CHART OF RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER, VIRGINIA

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM OCCUPACIA CREEK TO DEEP CREEK FROM A TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY UNDER THE DIRECTION OF A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES TRIANGULATION BY CAPT. W.R. PALMER TOPL. ENGRS. U.S.A. ASSISTANT TOPOGRAPHY BY JOHN SEIB & I. HULL ADAMS ASSISTS. HYDROGRAPHY BY THE PARTY UNDER THE COMMAND OF LIEUT R. WAINWRIGHT U.S.N. ASSIST. SCALE 1/60.000 1857 (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). "No. 21" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). SCALES IN STATUTE AND NAUTICAL MILES (BELOW TITLE). "NOTE" ON SOUNDINGS, LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE, MAGNETIC VARIATION AND DATES OF EXECUTION OF THE WORK (TOP LEFT CORNER). "TIDES" NOTES AND TABLE OF "ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE BOTTOMS OF THIS MAP" (BELOW PRIOR ENTRY). SYMBOL OF THE COAST SURVEY OFFICE, WITH "VERIFIED" AND SIGNED BY M.L. SMITH, "CAPT. TOPL. ENGRS. ASST., IN CHARGE OF OFFICE." (BETWEEN TITLE AND SCALES TO THE RIGHT). COMPASS ROSE (CENTER RIGHT, WITH NW ORIENTED AT THE TOP). LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (ALL BORDERS). LATITUDE (ALL BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1857
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 72.1 X 43.3 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 74.9 X 45.7 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 60,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 5 STATUTE MILES = 13.3 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-632
# 2 : MSA SC1399-587 (A SECOND SHEET OF THIS CHART)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : B014-DHH
# 2 : C015-2U2 (A SECOND SHEET OF THIS CHART)
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED CHART OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS CHART (4)
: VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 6
MAP ORIENTATION : NW IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES.
: BOTTOM CONDITIONS ARE INDICATED.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH/LONDON (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 357U6.
BEST INFO SOURCE : MANUSCRIPT NOAA CHART AND COPPERPLATE RECORDS AND THE 1857 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS PRELIMINARY CHART IS THE SECOND OF A SERIES OF SIX COVERING THE RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER THAT WERE ULTIMATELY ISSUED BY THE U.S. COAST SURVEY. THIS SHEET, ON THIN PAPER, WAS USED AS ILLUSTRATION NO. 21 IN THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1857. SEE MAP # 357U6 FOR SHEET 1.

THAT REPORT HAS THIS TO SAY ABOUT THE RAPPAHANNOCK WORK FOR THAT YEAR: "THE TRIANGULATION OF CURRATOMAN RIVER [SPELLED CORROTOMAN ON THE CHART!]...WAS CARRIED BY ASSISTANT JOHN FARLEY, FROM THE MOUTH OF THE CURRATOMAN, UPWARDS TO THE STEAMBOAT WHARF AT MERRY POINT. THIS WORK CHECKS THE PRELIMINARY TRIANGULATION PREVIOUSLY EXECUTED OF THE VICINITY BY THE PLANE-TABLE PARTY OF ASSISTANT I. HULL ADAMS, ON THE BASIS OF WHICH THE SHORES OF CURRATOMAN RIVER AND CARTER'S CREEK WERE COMPLETED DURING THE SEASON." "THE PRELIMINARY TOPOGRAPHY OF THE RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER, WHICH HAS BEEN FOR SEVERAL SUCCESSIVE SEASONS IN PROGRESS BETWEEN FREDERICKSBURG AND THE ENTRANCE INTO CHESAPEAKE BAY, WAS COMPLETED DURING THE YEAR BY THE PARTY OF ASSISTANT I. HULL ADAMS." "THE WORK OF THE SEASON LIES IMMEDIATELY ADJACENT TO THE MOUTH OF CURRATOMAN RIVER..."

[THE HYDROGRAPHY OF RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER] "IN WHICH STEADY ADVANCE HAS BEEN MADE SINCE ITS COMMENCEMENT BY THE PARTY OF LIEUT. COMG. RICHARD WAINWRIGHT, U.S.N., ASSISTANT COAST SURVEY, HAS BEEN COMPLETED WITHIN THE SEASON JUST CLOSED. THE SCHOONER NAUTILUS, WITH THE HYDROGRAPHIC PARTY, REACHED HER STATION FROM THE HUDSON, ON THE 22d OF NOVEMBER, NEAR THE UPPER LIMIT OF THE TOPOGRAPHICAL SHEET LAST EXECUTED BY ASSISTANT I. HULL ADAMS IN 1856... AND THE SOUNDINGS WERE CONTINUED FROM THAT POINT DOWN THE RAPPAHANNOCK TO THE MOUTH OF URBANA CREEK, AND UP THE CHANNEL OF THAT STREAM BEYOND THE TOWN OF URBANA. A MONTH HAD BEEN SPENT IN THE WORK, WHEN FURTHER PROGRESS WAS STOPPED BY THE ICE, AND THE OPERATIONS WERE SUSPENDED UNTIL SPRING. ON THE 6TH OF MAY LIEUT. COMG. WAINWRIGHT TOOK UP THE SOUNDINGS BELOW URBANA CREEK, AND PUSHED THE SURVEY TOWARD THE ENTRANCE, FOLLOWING CLOSELY, AND KEEPING PACE, THROUGHOUT THE SEASON, WITH THE TOPOGRAPHICAL PARTY THEN AT WORK ON THE SHORES. THE SHORE LINE OF CURRATOMAN RIVER, HAVING BEEN FURNISHED BY ASSISTANT ADAMS, THAT BRANCH OF THE RAPPAHANNOCK WAS ALSO INCLUDED IN THE HYDROGRAPHY." SOME 329 MILES OF SOUNDINGS WERE RUN AND 23,663 SOUNDINGS WERE TAKEN. THE SURVEY OF THE RAPPAHANNOCK WAS COMPLETED ON THE 22D OF JUNE...."

DATA IS PRIMARILY FROM THE USCS ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1857, FROM NOAA MANUSCRIPT RECORDS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY OF THIS CHART IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THE NOAA CHART RECORDS SHOW THAT AN ORIGINAL COPPERPLATE FOR THIS CHART # 393 WAS COMMENCED IN NOVEMBER, 1857 AND COMPLETED IN JUNE, 1863. THIS WAS COPPERPLATE # 623. A FINISHED COPY OF THE PRELIMINARY CHART DESCRIBED HEREIN WAS THUS RELEASED IN 1863. TWO ALPHA PLATES WERE MADE FROM THE ORIGINAL, # 303 OF OCTOBER 17, 1863 AND # 820 OF DECEMBER 7, 1886. THE CHART WAS CANCELLED IN AUGUST, 1905 AND REPLACED BY CHART # 535. SEE MAP # 357U6 FOR A HISTORY OF CHART # 535.

DATA IS FROM MANUSCRIPT CHART HISTORY CARDS AND COPPERPLATE RECORDS OF NOAA.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD COPY OF THIS PRELIMINARY CHART ON THIN PAPER WITH SOME BROWNING AND HOLES IN THE FOLDS. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF B014-DHH AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-632. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A COPY OF A SECOND SHEET OF THE RAPPAHANNOCK SERIES (SEE MAP # 357U6), WITH AN ACQ. # OF C015-2U2 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-587.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1857, H.R. EX. DOC. No. 21, 35th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1858, 9, 13, 52, 55, 57, 123, 203, 206, 214; NOAA, CHART HISTORY CARDS [MANUSCRIPT RECORDS]; NOAA, COPPERPLATE RECORDS [MANUSCRIPT RECORDS]; MORRISON, RUSSELL & ROBERT HANSEN, CHARTING THE CHESAPEAKE, ANNAPOLIS: MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES, 1990, 140-141.

February 24, 1993


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