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MAP #: 357U5

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1857

SHORT TITLE : SKETCH C SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY IN SECTION NO. III

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM 1843 TO 1857 SCALE 1/400,000 1857 (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "U.S. COAST SURVEY A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT" (ABOVE TITLE). "NO. 16" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). SCALE IN STATUTE MILES (CENTER BOTTOM MARGIN). "NOTES" (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). THE SKETCH IS WIDER BETWEEN THE NEAT LINES AT THE BOTTOM THAN AT THE TOP (57 CM AT TOP AND 58 CM. AT BOTTOM). ENGRAVING EXTENDS INTO TOP AND RIGHT MARGINS THROUGH NEAT LINES. THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1858
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 86.2 X 57.0 CM. (BETWEEN NEAT LINES)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 91.0 X 62.0 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 400,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 40 STATUTE MILES = 15.9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-460
# 2 : MSA SC1399-577
# 3 : MSA SC1399-348(REPRO)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : A016-HDU
# 2 : C015-2U1
# 3 : -
REGION CATEGORY : CHART ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS CHART (4)
: PROGRESS SKETCH (20)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE CHART.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOAL SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FATHOMS IN THE OCEAN AREA.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY SHADING.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE 1857 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS IS THE ONLY SOURCE FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS SKETCH OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AREA WAS ISSUED TO ILLUSTRATE THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY, SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1857." IT GIVES THE MAJOR TRIANGULATION LINES FOR THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ITS RIVERS ACCOMPLISHED TO THE DATE OF THE REPORT. THE SKETCH ALSO SHOWS BY DOTTED LINES THE AERIAL EXTENT OF MORE DETAILED SHEETS OF THE TOPOGRAPHY AND HYDROGRAPHY, WHICH WERE DONE IN MANUSCRIPT AND NEVER PUBLISHED AND MADE AVAILABLE TO THE PUBLIC, TOGETHER WITH THEIR NUMBERS AND DATES OF EXECUTION.

THE TRIANGULATION BEGAN IN 1842. IN THE 1857 ANNUAL REPORT, THE BODY OF THE TRIANGULATION, NEARLY THREE-FOURTHS OF THE TOPOGRAPHY AND FOUR-FIFTHS OF THE HYDROGRAPHY OF SECTION III ARE NOTED AS COMPLETE. OPERATIONS IN 1857 INCLUDED THE TRIANGULATION OF THE PATUXENT RIVER FROM SETTERLY POINT TO BENEDICT, COMPLETION OF THE YORK RIVER TO THE JUNCTION OF THE MATTAPONI AND PAMUNKEY RIVERS AT WEST POINT, COMPLETION OF THE CURRATOMAN A TRIBUTARY OF THE RAPPAHANNOCK, AND THE JAMES RIVER, COMPLETED FROM RICHMOND TO NEWPORT NEWS. THE TRIANGULATION OF THE POTOMAC RIVER WAS COMMENCED. THE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE SEACOAST OF VIRGINIA NEAR WALLOP'S ISLAND MADE FURTHER PROGRESS, THE SHORELINE AND TOPOGRAPHY OF THE IMMEDIATE SHORES OF THE RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER AND OF ITS TRIBUTARY, THE CURRATOMAN RIVER, HAD BEEN COMPLETED AND THE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE YORK RIVER WAS NEARLY FINISHED. THE HYDROGRAPHY OF THE PATUXENT RIVER MADE CONSIDERABLE PROGRESS. THAT OF THE YORK RIVER WAS EXECUTED FROM THE MOUTH TO WEST POINT, THE JUNCTION OF THE PAMUNKEY AND MATTAPONI RIVERS AND THAT OF THE JAMES RIVER WAS COMPLETED TO WITHIN NINE MILES OF CITY POINT. THAT OF THE ST. MARY'S RIVER, MARYLAND WAS COMPLETED.

TWO SHEETS OF THE RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER (ON A SCALE OF 1/20,000) FROM FREDERICKSBURG TO PORT ROYAL WERE DRAWN AS WELL AS THE CHARTS OF HAMPTON ROADS (SCALE 1/40,000) AND OF NORFOLK HARBOR (1/10,000). THE FOLLOWING DRAWINGS WERE IN PROGRESS: CHESAPEAKE BAY (SHEETS 3,4,5, AND 6 ON A SCALE OF 1/80,000); YORK RIVER ENTRANCE (1/60,000); AND JAMES RIVER FROM RICHMOND TO CITY POINT (1/40,000). THE ENGRAVING OF PATAPSCO RIVER, RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER FROM FREDERICKSBURG TO PORT ROYAL AND FROM THERE TO OCCUPACIA CREEK (PRELIMINARY) WERE COMPLETED AND THAT OF PATAPSCO RIVER WAS DONE AS A FINISHED MAP. CHESAPEAKE BAY (SHEETS 1,2 AND 3 ON A SCALE OF 1/80,000), AND RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER (SHEETS 3 AND 4) WERE FINISHED AND YORK RIVER ENTRANCE AND HAMPTON ROADS WERE IN PROGRESS.

DATA IS FROM THE 1857 USCS ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : INFORMAL REPORTS WERE MADE ANNUALLY BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY FROM 1816 THROUGH 1850. THESE WERE PUBLISHED BY THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT AND WERE SENT TO CONGRESS. BEGINNING WITH 1851, THESE PROGRESS REPORTS BECAME MORE FORMAL. THEY WERE PRODUCED IN MUCH LARGER QUANTITY AND WERE MORE WIDELY DISTRIBUTED TO SCHOOLS AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS AND INDIVIDUALS IN ADDITION TO CONGRESS. THE U.S. COAST SURVEY BECAME THE PUBLISHER BEGINNING IN 1851. THE WIDER DISSEMINATION WAS AN ATTEMPT BY THE AGENCY TO BUILD A WIDER BASE OF SUPPORT FOR THE ACTIVITIES OF THE COAST SURVEY. BEGINNING IN 1844, THESE REPORTS DESCRIBED IN CONSIDERABLE DETAIL THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY INCLUDING IN SECTION III, WHICH PRIMARILY CONSISTED OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND THE OCEAN FRONT OF DELAWARE, MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. ANNUAL PROGRESS SKETCHES WERE APPENDED, SHOWING THE EXTENT OF THE TRIANGULATION, TOPOGRAPHY, HYDROGRAPHY AND OTHER WORK ACCOMPLISHED UP TO THAT TIME.

THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A PHOTOREPRODUCTION OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY OF THIS PROGRESS CHART WITH THE WORDS "TRANSFERRED & PRINTED BY LANG & LAING, LITH., 66 FULTON ST., N.Y." IN THE RIGHT TOP MARGIN. THIS DIFFERS FROM THE COPY DESCRIBED HEREIN.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY IN GOOD CONDITION OF THIS CHART ON THIN PAPER WITH AN ACQ. # OF A016-HDU AND THE MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-460. THE COLLECTION HAS A DUPLICATE COPY ON THIN PAPER WITH SOME BROWNING ON THE FOLDS, BUT WITHOUT LOSS OF DATA. THE ACQ. # IS C015-2U1 AND THE MDHR # IS MSA SC1399-577. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS AN 80% REPRODUCTION FROM THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WITH THE WORDS "TRANSFERRED & PRINTED BY LANG & LAING, LITH. 66 FULTON ST. N.Y." IN THE RIGHT TOP MARGIN WITH A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-348(REPRO).

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY, SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1857, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 21, 35th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1858, 2, 8-9, 13, 52-59, 203, 213.

December 7, 1991


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