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MAP #: 357U4

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1857

SHORT TITLE : PRELIMINARY CHART OF CHESAPEAKE BAY SHEET NO. 3

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM THE MOUTH OF THE HUDSON RIVER TO THE MOUTH OF THE POTOMAC RIVER (TOP, TO RIGHT OF CENTER). "FROM A TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY UNDER THE DIRECTION OF A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES TRIANGULATION BY E. BLUNT J.E. HILGARD J.S. WILLIAMS AND R.D. CUTTS ASSISTANTS TOPOGRAPHY BY J.J.S. HASSLER G.D. WISE R.D. CUTTS ASSTS. J. SEIB & S.A. WAINWRIGHT SUB-ASSTS & H.L. WHITING ASST. HYDROGRAPHY BY THE PARTIES UNDER THE COMMAND OF LIEUTS. COMDG. W.P. Mc.ARTHUR S.P. LEE AND J.J. ALMY U.S.N. ASSISTANTS PUBLISHED IN 1857 SCALE 1/80,000" (BELOW TITLE). COAST SURVEY STAMP (BELOW TITLE DATA). "ELECTROTYPE COPY NO. 1 BY G. MATHIET U.S.C.S." (RIGHT, TOP BORDER). "TRANSFERRED & PRINTED BY LANG & LAING. LITH. 66 FULTON ST. N.Y." (RIGHT BOTTOM BORDER). SAILING DIRECTIONS, DANGERS NOTES,, TABLE OF LIGHTHOUSES AND BEACONS, LIGHT VESSELS, TABLE OF TIDAL CURRENTS, TIDES NOTES AND TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE BOTTOMS IN THIS MAP (BOTTOM LEFT). "AL" (IN LARGE LETTERS IS AT THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (BOTTOM BORDER) AND FROM NEW YORK CITY HALL (ABOVE GREENWICH READINGS). LATITUDE (RIGHT BORDER).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1857
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 75.1 X 94.3 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 86.0 X 98.0 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 80,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 6 STATUTE MILES = 11.9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-673
# 2 : MSA SC1399-300 (REPRO)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-511 (1862 ED.)
# 4 : MSA SC1399-634 (1862 ED.)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : AS012-DND
# 2 : -
# 3 : C015-2U1 (1862 ED.)
# 4 : B014-HT (1862 ED.)
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED CHART OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS CHART (4)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1 OF 6
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES.
: BOTTOM CONDITIONS ARE INDICATED.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH AND NEW YORK (9)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 362U9.
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE USCS ANNUAL REPORT AND THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS.
DESCRIPTION : THIS EXTREMELY DETAILED SEA CHART IS SHEET 3 OF A 6 SHEET SERIES COVERING THE ENTIRE BAY. THIS SERIES REPRESENTS THE MOST COMPLETE CHARTING OF THE BAY IN TERMS OF HYDROGRAPHY AND TOPOGRAPHY DONE UP TO THE TIME OF ITS COMPLETION AND IS BASED ON EXTENSIVE TRIANGULATION OF THE WHOLE AREA, WHICH HAD NOT BEEN DONE BEFORE. IT GIVES TOPOGRAPHICAL DATA ON THE NECKS AND COASTAL LANDS ADJACENT TO THE CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM THE MOUTH OF THE LITTLE CHOPTANK RIVER IN THE NORTH TO THE MOUTH OF THE POTOMAC RIVER IN THE SOUTH. THIS CHART SHOWS LOCATION OF HOUSES AND BUILDINGS, TYPE TERRAIN, DIRECTION IN WHICH CROPS ARE PLANTED, FARM ROADS, RAILROADS, ETC. HYDROGRAPHIC INFORMATION INCLUDES SOUNDINGS IN FEET UP TO 18, THEN IN FATHOMS. IT HAS VERY WIDESPREAD INDICATIONS OF THE CONDITION OF THE BOTTOM AND HAS SHOALS MARKED BY DOTTED LINES. BUOYS AND CHANNEL COURSES ARE DRAWN. IN SHORT, THIS CHART SUMMARIZES THE VERY BEST DATA AVAILABLE FROM THE ONGOING COAST SURVEY WORK AT THE TIME. SEVERAL OF THE SEA AND LAND AREAS ARE NOT COMPLETE, WHICH SHOWS THAT THE SURVEY OF THE AREA HAD NOT BEEN FINISHED AT THE TIME OF THE PUBLICATION OF THIS SHEET. THERE ARE EXTENSIVE SAILING DIRECTIONS AND TABLES OF HYDROGRAPHIC AND OTHER INFORMATION.

THE CHART IS CHART # 19 IN THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1857, WASHINGTON: 1858 (H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 21., 35th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION), PRINTED BY JAMES B. STEEDMAN, PRINTER. SIX ADDITIONAL PLATES OF THIS CHART WERE RELEASED IN 7 ADDITIONAL STATES UNTIL THE CHART WAS SUPERSEDED BY CHART # 1224 IN JULY, 1913.

DATA IS FROM THE USCS ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1857 AND THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS, THERE WERE 7 DIFFERENT PLATES OF THIS CHART IN 8 STATES, INCLUDING THIS PRELIMINARY EDITION UNTIL IT WAS SUPERSEDED BY CHART 1224 IN JULY, 1913. ED. 1 - PRELIMINARY ED. - (1857) - THIS IS THE CHART DESCRIBED HEREIN. IT WAS ON PLATE # 551-2. THE TITLE IS AS SHOWN. THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A VARIANT COPY WITH NO WRITING IN THE RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN, BUT WITH "TRANSFERRED & PRINTED..." IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN. IN THIS COPY, THE "AL" IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN IS DROPPED. IT HAS "NO. 19" IN THE LEFT TOP MARGIN. ED. 2 - (1862) - THE TITLE WAS CHANGED TO "COAST CHART NO. 33 CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM CHOPTANK RIVER TO POTOMAC RIVER". THE PLATE NUMBER OF THIS EDITION WAS # 994. THE SCALES ARE MOVED TO BELOW THE TITLE. THE LEGEND IN THE RIGHT TOP MARGIN IS NOW "ELECTROTYPE COPY NO. 3..." "PRINTED UNDER AUTHORITY OF AN ACT OF CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES OF JUNE 3d. 1844 AND BY DIRECTION OF THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT COAST SURVEY" (CENTER TOP MARGIN). REDd. DRng. BY M.J. McCLERY ASSIST. J.J. RICKETTS & L. KARCHER" (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). "ENGd. BY J. ENTHROFFER, J. KNIGHT & H.S. BARNARD" (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). THE TOPOGRAPHY HAS BEEN COMPLETED, SHOAL AREAS ARE SHOWN IN SHADING, THE NOTES HAVE BEEN REARRANGED AND A DIAGRAM OF SHEETS ADDED IN THE BOTTOM LEFT CORNER. THE LOCATION AND NUMBER OF THE COMPASS ROSES HAS BEEN ALTERED. SEE MAP # 362U9. ED. 3 - (1872) - THE PLATE # OF THIS EDITION WAS # 909. ED. 4 - (1877) - THE DATA WAS REVISED AND REISSUED ON A NEW PLATE # 1227 IN JUNE, 1877. ED. 5 - STATE 1 - (1895) - THE DATA WAS REVISED AND REISSUED ON A NEW PLATE # 1992 IN NOVEMBER, 1895. - STATE 2 - (1896) - THE SAME PLATE WAS REWORKED AND THE CHART REPUBLISHED IN JANUARY, 1896. ED. 6 - (1896) - A NEW PLATE # 2471 WAS DONE AND THE CHART WAS RELEASED IN MARCH, 1896. ED. 7 - (1905) - A NEW PLATE # 2924 WAS DONE AND THE CHART WAS RELEASED IN MAY, 1905. THIS CHART WAS SUPERSEDED BY CHART # 1224, WHICH WAS FIRST ISSUED IN JULY, 1913. CHART # 134 WAS CANCELLED 8/18/13. MANY EDITIONS OF CHART # 1224 WERE PUBLISHED IN MULTIPLE PRINTINGS. ON JULY 1, 1974, THE CHART NUMBER WAS CHANGED TO # 12230, WHEN THE NATIONAL OCEAN SURVEY CONVERTED TO A NEW NUMBERING SYSTEM. IN AUGUST, 1975, LORAN "C" LINES OF POSITION WERE ADDED. THE 1983 NORTH AMERICAN DATUM WAS ADDED WITH EDITION 45 OF DECEMBER 12, 1987. DATA IS FROM THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS, # 134, # 1224 AND # 12230.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY IN FAIR CONDITION WITH SLIGHT BROWNING AT THE FOLDS AND SOME SEPARATION AT THE TOP FOLD. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF AS012-DND AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-673. THE COLLECTION HAS A FULL SIZE REPRODUCTION OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY, WITH A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-300 (REPRO), WHICH IS THE COPY DESCRIBED HEREIN. IN ADDITION THE COLLECTION HAS TWO COPIES OF THE 1862 EDITION, BOTH ON THIN PAPER WITH BROWNING AT THE FOLDS. ONE HAS AN ACQ. # OF C015- 2U1 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-511. THE SECOND HAS AN ACQ. # OF B014-HT AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-634.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1857, U.S. HOUSE OF REP. EX. DOC. # 21, 35th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1858, 2, 8, 13, 16, 52-59, 123, 203; NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, CHART HISTORY CARDS, # 134, # 1224 AND # 12230; MORRISON, RUSSELL & ROBERT HANSEN, CHARTING THE CHESAPEAKE, ANNAPOLIS: MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES, 139.

February 24, 1993


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