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MAP #: 357U3

CARTOGRAPHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1857

SHORT TITLE : MAP OF CHESAPEAKE BAY [SHEET NO. 2]

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM THE HEAD OF THE BAY TO THE MOUTH OF THE POTOMAC RIVER FROM A TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY UNDER THE DIRECTION OF F.R. HASSLER AND A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENTS OF THE SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES SHEET NO. 2 FROM THE MOUTH OF THE MAGOTHY RIVER TO THE MOUTH OF THE HUDSON RIVER (TOP RIGHT). "TRIANGULATION BY J. FERGUSON F.H. GERDES J.E. JOHNSTONE CAPT. TOPL. ENGRS. E. BLUNT J.E. HILGARD ASSTS. AND A.D. BACHE SUPDT. TOPOGRAPHY BY H.L. WHITING F.H. GERDES ASSTS. J.C. NEILSON SUB-ASST. J.J.S. HASSLER R.D. CUTTS & G.D. WISE ASSTS. HYDROGRAPHY BY THE PARTIES UNDER THE COMMAND OF LIEUT. COMDG. G.M. BACHE S.P. LEE & W.P. Mc.ARTHUR U.S.N. ASSTS. PUBLISHED IN 1857 A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT SCALE 1/80,000" (UNDER TITLE). SAILING DIRECTIONS, DANGER NOTES, TABLE OF LIGHT HOUSES & BEACONS, TABLE OF TIDAL CURRENTS, TABLE OF VARIATIONS OF THE MAGNETIC NEEDLE, TIDES DATA AND TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE BOTTOMS OF THIS MAP (BOTTOM RIGHT). "NO. 18" (LEFT TOP BORDER). "TRANSFERRED & PRINTED BY LANG & LAING. LITH. 66 FULTON ST. N.Y." (RIGHT TOP BORDER). COAST SURVEY STAMP (BELOW TITLE). SCALES IN STATUTE AND NAUTICAL MILES (BELOW ABBREVIATIONS TABLE IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). THERE IS NOTHING ON THE REVERSE SIDE. LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (BOTTOM BORDER) AND WEST FROM NEW YORK CITY HALL (ABOVE GREENWICH READINGS). LATITUDE (RIGHT BORDER).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1857
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 75.7 X 94.7 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 79.7 X 98.1 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 80,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 6 STATUTE MILES = 11.9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-700
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 2 : MSA SC1399-302 (REPRO)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-576 (1862 ED.)
# 4 : MSA SC1399-503 (1862 ED.)
# 5 : MSA SC1399-624 (1862 ED.)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : AS012-DND
# 2 : -
# 3 : C015-DUD (1862 ED.)
# 4 : B014-DUD (1862 ED.)
# 5 : B014-DUD (1862 ED.)
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED CHART OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS CHART (4)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1 OF 6
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES.
: BOTTOM CONDITIONS ARE INDICATED.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH AND NEW YORK (9)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 362U8.
BEST INFO SOURCE : USCS ANNUAL REPORT OF 1857 AND NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS.
DESCRIPTION : THIS EXTREMELY DETAILED SEA CHART IS SHEET 2 OF A 6 SHEET SERIES COVERING THE ENTIRE BAY. THIS SERIES REPRESENTS THE MOST COMPLETE CHARTING OF THE BAY IN TERMS OF HYDROGRAPHY AND TOPOGRAPHY DONE UP TO THE TIME OF ITS COMPLETION AND IS BASED ON EXTENSIVE TRIANGULATION OF THE WHOLE AREA, WHICH HAD NOT BEEN DONE BEFORE. IT GIVES TOPOGRAPHICAL DATA ON THE NECKS AND COASTAL LANDS ADJACENT TO THE CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM MAGOTHY RIVER IN THE NORTH TO THE MOUTH OF THE LITTLE CHOPTANK RIVER IN THE SOUTH. THIS CHART SHOWS LOCATION OF HOUSES AND BUILDINGS, TYPE TERRAIN, DIRECTION IN WHICH CROPS ARE PLANTED, FARM ROADS, RAILROADS, ETC. HYDROGRAPHIC INFORMATION INCLUDES SOUNDINGS IN FEET UP TO 18, THEN IN FATHOMS. IT HAS VERY WIDESPREAD INDICATIONS OF THE CONDITION OF THE BOTTOM AND HAS SHOALS MARKED BY DOTTED LINES. BUOYS AND CHANNEL COURSES ARE DRAWN. THERE ARE EXTENSIVE SAILING DIRECTIONS AND TABLES OF HYDROGRAPHIC AND OTHER INFORMATION. IN SHORT, THIS CHART SUMMARIZES THE VERY BEST DATA AVAILABLE FROM THE ONGOING COAST SURVEY WORK AT THE TIME. SEVERAL OF THE SEA AND LAND AREAS ARE NOT COMPLETE, WHICH SHOWS THAT THE SURVEY OF THE AREA HAD NOT BEEN FINISHED AT THE TIME OF THE PUBLICATION OF THIS SHEET.

THE CHART IS # 18 IN THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1857, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 21., 35th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, WASHINGTON: 1858.

DATA IS PRIMARILY FROM THE USCS ANNUAL REPORT OF 1857 AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE PHOTOCOPY OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS, AFTER THIS PRELIMINARY CHART THERE WERE 4 PLATES PLUS A PHOTOLITH PLATE FOR THIS CHART # 135 PRIOR TO ITS BEING SUPERSEDED BY CHART # 1225.

PRELIMINARY ED. - (1857) - THIS IS THE CHART DESCRIBED HEREIN. IT WAS UNFINISHED, BUT WAS INCLUDED IN THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1857. IT IS AVAILABLE ONLY ON THE THIN PAPER USED IN THAT REPORT.

ED. 1 - (1862) - THE EASTERN HALF OF THIS EDITION WAS COMPLETED IN 1858, BUT THE COMPLETED CHART WAS NOT RELEASED TO PUBLICATION UNTIL 1862. THE CHART IS NOW TITLED "COAST CHART NOS. 31,32,33 CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM ITS HEAD TO POTOMAC RIVER...SHEET NO. 2 FROM MAGOTHY RIVER TO CHOPTANK RIVER." THE DATE IS NOW 1862 IN THE TITLE. THE SCALES ARE BELOW THE TITLE. WRITING HAS BEEN ADDED TO THE MARGINS. THE SHOAL AREAS ARE SHADED AND THE TOPOGRAPHY IS COMPLETED. A DIAGRAM OF SHEETS IS ADDED IN THE TOP LEFT CORNER AND ADDITIONAL COMPASS ROSES ARE ADDED. THE PLATE NUMBER OF THIS EDITION WAS # 1010. SEE CHART # 362U8.

ED. 2 - (1872) - THE PLATE NUMBER OF THIS EDITION WAS 900.

ED. 3 - (1877) - THIS EDITION WAS ISSUED IN JUNE, 1877. THE PLATE NUMBER WAS # 1232.

ED. 4 - STATE 1 - (1894) - THIS PLATE WAS REISSUED IN THREE STATES. THIS FIRST STATE WAS RELEASED IN JUNE, 1877. IT WAS ON PLATE # 1947.

- STATE 2 - (1895) - PLATE # 1947 WAS UPDATED AND REISSUED.

- STATE 3 - (1905) - PLATE # 1947 WAS UPDATED AND REISSUED.

ED. 5 - STATE 1 - (1908) - A PHOTOLITH WAS USED IN THIS EDITION.

- STATE 2 - (1909) - THE MATERIAL WAS UPDATED AND THE PHOTOLITH WAS REISSUED.

THIS CHART WAS SUPERSEDED BY CHART # 1225, WHICH WAS FIRST ISSUED IN JUNE, 1913. CHART # 135 WAS CANCELLED ON JULY 10, 1913. MANY EDITIONS OF CHART # 1225 WERE PUBLISHED IN MULTIPLE PRINTINGS. ON JULY 1, 1974 THE CHART NUMBER WAS CHANGED TO # 12263, WHEN THE NATIONAL OCEAN SURVEY CONVERTED TO A NEW NUMBERING SYSTEM. LORAN "C" LINES WERE ADDED IN AUGUST, 1975. THE NORTH AMERICAN DATUM OF 1983 WAS ADDED WITH EDITION 28 OF AUGUST 27, 1988.

DATA IS FROM NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS # 135, # 1225 AND # 12263.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY ON THIN PAPER OF THIS CHART WITH BROWNING AT THE FOLDS. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF AS012-DND AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-700. THE COLLECTION HAS A FULL SIZE REPRODUCTION OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY OF THIS 1857 PRELIMINARY EDITION. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS THREE COPIES OF THE 1862 EDITION. ALL ARE BROWNING AT THE FOLDS WITH SMALL HOLES AT THE FOLD INTERSECTIONS AND ALL ARE ON THIN PAPER. THE BEST COPY HAS AN ACQ. # OF C015-DUD AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-576. THE OTHER COPIES HAVE ACQ. #s OF B014-DUD AND MDHR #s OF MSA SC1399-503 AND MSA SC1399-624.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1857, U.S. HOUSE OF REP. EX. DOC. # 21, 35th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1858, 2, 8, 13, 16, 52-59, 123, 203; NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, CHART HISTORY CARDS, # 135, # 1225 AND # 12263; MORRISON, RUSSELL & ROBERT HANSEN, CHARTING THE CHESAPEAKE, ANNAPOLIS: MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES, 1990, 145.

February 24, 1993


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