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MAP #: 357U2

CARTOGRAPHER : U.S. COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1857

SHORT TITLE : CHESAPEAKE BAY SHEET NO. 1 FROM THE HEAD OF THE BAY

REMAINING TITLE & ID : TO THE MOUTH OF THE MAGOTHY RIVER (TOP LEFT CORNER). "FROM A TRIGONOMETICAL SURVEY UNDER THE DIRECTION OF F.R. HASSLER AND A.D. BACHE SUPERINDENDENTS OF THE SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES TRIANGULATION BY J. FERGUSON T.W. WERNER J.E. JOHNSTONE CAPt. TOPl. ENGRS. USA AND E. BLUNT ASSISTANTS TOPOGRAPHY BY W.E. WERNER J.J.S. HASSLER R.D. CUTTS G.D. WISE ASSTS. J.C. NEILSON SUB-ASST. J.B. GLUCK & H.L. WHITING ASSTS. HYDROGRAPHY BY THE PARTIES UNDER THE COMMAND OF LIEUTS. COMDG. G.M. BACHE S.P. LEE W.P. Mc.ARTHUR C.H. BLAIR & R. WAINWRIGHT U.S.N. ASSTS. PUBLISHED IN 1857 A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT SCALE 1/80,000" (BELOW TITLE). "NO. 17" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). "TRANSFERRED & PRINTED BY LANG & LAING. LITH. 66 FULTON ST. N.Y." (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). SAILING DIRECTIONS, DANGERS, AND NOTES (RIGHT, BELOW CENTER). TABLE OF LIGHT HOUSES AND BEACONS, SHOWING LOCATION, TYPE LIGHT AND FLASH, HEIGHT AND VISIBLE DISTANCE (BELOW NOTES). TABLE OF TIDAL CURRENTS (BELOW PRIOR TABLE). TABLE OF MAGNETIC VARIATION BELOW TIDAL CURRENTS TABLE). TABLE OF TIDES (LEFT OF MAGNETIC VARIATION TABLE). TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS FOR BOTTOM CONDITIONS (BELOW TIDES TABLE). SCALES IN STATUTE AND NAUTICAL MILES (BELOW ABBREVIATIONS FOR BOTTOM TABLE). THERE IS NOTHING ON THE REVERSE SIDE. LONGITUDE IS WEST FROM GREENWICH (BOTTOM BORDER) AND ALSO WEST FROM NEW YORK CITY HALL (ABOVE GREENWICH LONGITUDE READINGS). LATITUDE (RIGHT BORDER).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1857
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 75.3 X 94.6 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 85.0 X 101.3 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 80,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 6 STATUTE MILES = 11.9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-461
# 2 : MSA SC1399-501 (1861 ED.)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-625 (1861 ED.)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : A016-HDU
# 2 : C015-2U1 (1861 ED.)
# 3 : B014-DUD (1861 ED.)
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED CHART OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS CHART (4)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1 OF 6
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE CHART
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES.
: BOTTOM CONDITIONS ARE INDICATED.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH AND NEW YORK (9)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 361U7.
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE USCS ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1857 AND THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS ARE THE BEST.
DESCRIPTION : THIS EXTREMELY DETAILED SEA CHART IS SHEET 1 OF A 6 SHEET SERIES COVERING THE ENTIRE BAY. THIS SERIES REPRESENTS THE MOST COMPLETE CHARTING OF THE BAY IN TERMS OF HYDROGRAPHY AND TOPOGRAPHY DONE UP TO THE TIME OF ITS COMPLETION AND IS BASED ON EXTENSIVE TRIANGULATION OF THE WHOLE AREA, WHICH HAD NOT BEEN DONE BEFORE. IT GIVES TOPOGRAPHICAL DATA ON THE NECKS AND COASTAL LANDS ADJACENT TO THE NORTHERN PART OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM THE CHESTER RIVER TO THE LOWER SUSQUEHANNA RIVER. IT SHOWS LOCATION OF HOUSES AND BUILDINGS, TYPE TERRAIN, DIRECTION IN WHICH CROPS ARE PLANTED, FARM ROADS, RAILROADS, ETC. HYDROGRAPHIC INFORMATION INCLUDES SOUNDINGS IN FEET UP TO 18, THEN IN FATHOMS. IT HAS VERY WIDESPREAD INDICATIONS OF THE CONDITION OF THE BOTTOM AND HAS SHOALS MARKED BY DOTTED LINES. BUOYS AND CHANNEL COURSES ARE DRAWN. IN SHORT, THIS CHART SUMMARIZES THE VERY BEST DATA AVAILABLE FROM THE ONGOING COAST SURVEY WORK AT THE TIME. SEVERAL OF THE SEA AND LAND AREAS ARE NOT COMPLETE, WHICH SHOWS THAT THE SURVEY OF THE AREA HAD NOT BEEN FINISHED AT THE TIME OF THE PUBLICATION OF THIS SHEET. THERE ARE EXTENSIVE SAILING DIRECTIONS AND TABLES OF HYDROGRAPHIC AND OTHER INFORMATION.

THE CHART IS CHART # 17 IN THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1857, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 21., 35th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1858. IT IS AN UNFINISHED OR PRELIMINARY VERSION OF A CHART THAT WENT THROUGH FIVE EDITIONS, FOLLOWING THIS PRELIMINARY PUBLICATION. SEE THE EDITION AND STATE SECTION FOR MORE DETAILS OF THE LATER RELEASES.

DATA IS FROM THE USCS ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1857, THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ACCORDING TO THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS, THERE WERE FIVE DIFFERENT PLATES FOR THIS CHART # 136 PRIOR TO ITS BEING SUPERSEDED BY CHART # 1226. EACH OF THE PLATES WAS REPRINTED MANY TIMES.

PRELIMINARY EDITION - (1857) - THIS IS THE CHART DESCRIBED. IT WAS UNFINISHED BUT RELEASED IN THE SUPERINTENDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT TO SHOW THE SURVEY PROGRESS. IT IS AVAILABLE ONLY ON THIN PAPER USED IN THAT REPORT.

ED. 1 - STATE 1 - (1861) - THE DATE ON THE CHART IS 1861, BUT THE FIRST PUBLICATION WAS IN 1863. THE PLATE NUMBER OF THIS EDITION WAS # 1021. THE TITLE WAS ALTERED TO READ "COAST CHART NO. 31 CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM HEAD OF BAY TO MAGOTHY RIVER." THE DATE WAS CHANGED TO 1861. THE SCALES ARE NOW BELOW THE TITLE IN MILES, YARDS AND NAUTICAL MILES. DATES FOR THE EXECUTION OF THE WORK ARE BELOW THE SCALES. A DIAGRAM OF SHEETS IS ADDED AT THE LEFT CENTER. MARGINAL WRITING IS ADDED, AS IS COMPLETED TOPOGRAPHY. THE NOTES IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT ARE REARRANGED TO A SINGLE COLUMN. THE SHOAL AREAS ARE NOW DEPICTED BY SHADING. SEE CHART # 361U7.

- STATE 2 - (1872) - THE DATA WAS REVISED AND UPDATED AND THE SAME PLATE NUMBER WAS USED IN THIS RERELEASE.

ED. 2 - (1877) - THIS EDITION WAS ISSUED IN JUNE, 1877. THE PLATE NUMBER WAS # 1235.

ED. 3 - (1897) - THIS EDITION WAS ISSUED IN DECEMBER, 1897. THE PLATE NUMBER WAS # 2497.

ED. 4 - (1899) - THIS EDITION WAS ISSUED IN AUGUST, 1899. THE PLATE NUMBER WAS # 2602.

ED. 5 - (1905) - THIS FINAL EDITION WAS ISSUED IN MAY, 1905. THE PLATE NUMBER WAS # 2797.

THIS CHART WAS SUPERSEDED BY CHART # 1226, WHICH WAS FIRST ISSUED IN JUNE, 1913 AS PLATE # 3358. THE TITLE WAS CHANGED TO CHESAPEAKE BAY - SANDY POINT TO HEAD OF BAY, BUT THE SCALE REMAINED 1-80,000. THE PLATE WAS BEGUN ON 5/21/12 AND FINISHED ON 6/18/13. THE ENGRAVING WAS NOT AN ORIGINAL PLATE BUT A BASSO MADE FROM PLATE # 2797. NUMEROUS REISSUES WERE MADE THROUGH 8/20/20.

SUBSEQUENT PLATES WERE DONE ON APRIL 28, 1921 (PLATE # 3690) AND MARCH 1, 1934 (PLATE # 4210-11-12-13). THE LATTER WAS REVISED AND REISSUED MANY TIMES. THE CHART WAS RENUMBERED 12273 WITH EDITION 25 OF AUGUST 10, 1974, LORAN RATE 9960 WAS ADDED WITH EDITION 33 OF NOVEMBER 25, 1978 AND THE 1983 NORTH AMERICAN DATUM WAS ADDED WITH EDITION 43 OF 1990.

DATA IS PRIMARILY FROM THE NOAA CHART HISTORY CARDS # 136, # 1226, AND # 12273.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY IN GOOD CONDITION ON THIN PAPER AS ISSUED. IT HAS SOME SLIGHT BROWNING AT THE FOLDS. THE ACQ. # IS A016-HDU AND THE MDHR # IS MSA SC1399-461. THE COLLECTION CONTAINS TWO COPIES OF THE 1861 EDITION WITH ACQ. #s OF C015-2U1 AND B014-DUD AND MDHR #s OF MSA SC1399-501 AND 625, RESPECTIVELY.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1857, U.S. HOUSE OF REP. EX. DOC. # 21, 35th CONGRESS, 1st SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1858, 2, 8, 13, 16, 52-59, 123, 203; NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, [MANUSCRIPT] CHART HISTORY CARDS # 136, # 1226, AND # 12273; MORRISON, RUSSELL & ROBERT HANSEN, CHARTING THE CHESAPEAKE, ANNAPOLIS: MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES, 147-148.

February 24, 1993


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