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MAP #: 357A5

CARTOGRAPHER : ABERT, J.J. AND KEARNEY, J.

DATE: 1857

SHORT TITLE : MAP OF THE PATUXENT & St. MARY'S RIVERS MARYLAND

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM SURVEYS BY MAJOR J.J. ABERT TOPl. ENGrs. AND MAJOR J. KEARNEY TOPl. ENGrs. IN 1824. COMPILED IN THE BUREAU OF TOPl. ENGrs. BY ORDER OF THE SEC. OF WAR IN ACCORDANCE WITH A RESOLUTION OF THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES. 1857. (TOP RIGHT CORNER). NOTES ON SOUNDINGS (UNDER TITLE). "SCALE 1/63360" (UNDER SOUNDINGS NOTES). SCALE IN MILES (UNDER PRIOR ENTRY). "DRAWN BY DENIS CALLAHAN" (UNDER SCALE). "SENATE EX. DOC No. 70 34th CONGR 3d. SESS." (LEFT TOP MARGIN). "SARONY, MAJOR & KNAPP LITH. WASHINGTON & N. YORK." (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). STAMP OF U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY LIBRARY 1887 WITH "6140" STAMPED ABOVE DATE (TO LEFT OF SOUNDINGS NOTES). 32 POINT COMPASS ROSE (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE (NOT SHOWN).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1857
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : BUREAU OF TOPOGRAPHICAL ENGINEERS
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 77.5 X 55.6 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 63.360
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : G3842 .P33 1857
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-403 (REPRO)
HFC ACQ. PRIORITY : 4
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : -
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED MAP OF PART OF THE MARYLAND/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : PLAIN (2)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : GUTHORN IS THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS LITHOGRAPHED MAP GIVES DETAILED TOPOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON SOUTHEASTERN CALVERT COUNTY AND SOUTHEASTERN ST. MARY'S COUNTY, INCLUDING TOWNS, MILLS, ROADS, HILLS, SWAMP AND EVEN SOME NAMES OF PROPERTY OWNERS. MANY SOUNDINGS HAVE BEEN RECORDED AND DOTTED CURVES DRAWN TO SHOW THE 6, 12, 18 AND 24 FOOT SOUNDINGS LINES. A NUMBER OF THE CREEKS AND SMALL RIVERS LEADING INTO THE PATUXENT AND ST. MARY'S SHOW EXTENSIVE SOUNDINGS.

IT WAS PRINTED 33 YEARS AFTER THE ORIGINAL SURVEY, DONE IN 1824 AND GUTHORN NOTES THAT THE DATA HAD NOT BEEN BROUGHT UP TO DATE. THE MAP WAS DRAWN BY DENIS CALLAHAN AND WAS LITHOGRAPHED BY SARONY, MAJOR & KNAPP OF WASHINGTON AND NEW YORK.

MANY COASTAL SURVEYS WERE DONE BY THE ARMY PRIOR TO THE EFFECTIVE START OF THE U.S. COAST SURVEY FOR COASTAL DEFENSE PURPOSES. IN 1838 THE TOPOGRAPHICAL BUREAU OF ARMY OFFICERS WITH SURVEYING SKILLS WAS EXPANDED INTO THE CORP OF TOPOGRAPHICAL ENGINEERS. THE CORP WAS DISCONTINUED AFTER THE CIVIL WAR. GUTHORN SAYS, "THE GREATER NUMBER OF THESE SURVEYS HAD BEEN CARRIED OUT IN RESPONSE TO REQUESTS BY THE CONGRESS, POSSIBLY STIMULATED BY INFLUENTIAL LOCAL CITIZENS OR BY GROUPS WITHIN THE ARMY WHO WERE MAKING SPECIAL DEFENSE STUDIES. OCCASIONALLY, THE UNDERLYING REASONS ARE NOT EVIDENT...THERE WERE OFTEN CONSIDERABLE INTERVALS BETWEEN THE DATE OF SURVEY AND THE EXECUTION OF PRINTING... AS WITH OFFICERS OF THE NAVY, THOSE OF THE ARMY WERE TO MAKE THEIR MOST EFFECTIVE CONTRIBUTION TO COASTAL CHARTING WHEN ASSIGNED TO THE COAST SURVEY."

DATA IS FROM GUTHORN AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE REPRODUCTION OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THE SURVEYS FOR THIS 1857 MAP WERE MADE IN 1824 BY TWO OFFICERS OF THE TOPOGRAPHICAL ENGINEERS. HOWEVER, THE SURVEY APPARENTLY WAS NEVER PUBLISHED PRIOR TO THIS EDITION. ONLY THIS ONE EDITION IS KNOWN TO THE WRITER.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A FULL SIZE PHOTOCOPY OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY. IT HAS A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-403 (REPRO).

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : GUTHORN, PETER J., UNITED STATES COASTAL CHARTS 1783-1861, EXTON, PA: SCHIFFER PUBLISHING LIMITED, 1984, 15, 85 (TEXT & ILLUSTRATION).

November 28, 1991


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