Return to Huntingfield Map Collection homepage

MAP #: 356C5

CARTOGRAPHER : COLTON, J.H. & CO. [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1856

SHORT TITLE : DELAWARE AND MARYLAND

REMAINING TITLE & ID : PUBLISHED BY J.H. COLTON & CO. No. 172 WILLIAM St. NEW YORK. 1856. (NO CARTOUCHE, CENTER, LEFT). "ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR 1855 BY J.H. COLTON & CO. IN THE CLERK'S OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK." (BELOW INSET OF D.C.) INSET ENTITLED "DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA" (INSET IS IN THE BOTTOM LEFT CORNER OF MAP, INSET TITLE IS IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF INSET, WITH A SCALE OF 4 MILES BELOW TITLE). EXPLANATION AND SCALE OF 25 MILES (BOTTOM CENTER). NOTE ON BOUNDARY BETWEEN PENNSYLVANIA, DELAWARE AND MARYLAND (BELOW EXPLANATION AND SCALE). SCROLLWORK COMPLETELY SURROUNDS THE NEAT LINES, EXCEPT FOR WESTERN MARYLAND AND SOUTHERN DELAWARE, WHICH PROJECT THROUGH THE BORDER LINES. LONGITUDE IS FROM WASHINGTON (BOTTOM BORDER) AND WEST FROM GREENWICH (TOP BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1856 (1855)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : NEW YORK
PUBLISHER : J.H. COLTON & CO.
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 28.5 X 41.0 CM. (WITHOUT BORDER AND E-W PROJECTION)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 970,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : INSET 1-180,000
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-678 (PHOTO) # 2 : MSA SC1399-278 (1855 STATE) # 3 : MSA SC1399-228 (1855 STATE) # 4 : MSA SC1399-450 (1860 STATE) # 5 : MSA SC1399-489 (1861 STATE) # 6 : MSA SC1399-106 (1863 STATE BY JOHNSON & WARD) # 7 : MSA SC1399-277 (1865 STATE) # 8 : MSA SC1399-451 (1868 STATE) # 9 : MSA SC1399-487 (1868 ED.) #10 : MSA SC1399-429 (1873 STATE)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : - # 2 : N018-DIG (1855 STATE) # 3 : BB023-DHN (1855 STATE) # 4 : GS017-DHF (1860 STATE) # 5 : G016-DTI (1861 STATE) # 6 : BB023-2I (1863 STATE BY JOHNSON & WARD) # 7 : N018-DIG (1865 STATE) # 8 : G016-DUH (1868 STATE) # 9 : G016-DUE (1868 EDITION) #10 : N017-DIF (1873 STATE)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : COMPOUND FUNCTIONAL (7)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH & WASHINGTON (8)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 355C2, 355C3, 360J5, 361J5, 363C5, 363J5, 365J5, 368J6, 368J7 373G7.
BEST INFO SOURCE : PHILLIPS ATLASES IS THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP WAS SEEN AT THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF TALBOT COUNTY IN EASTON, MARYLAND IN THE COLLECTION OF DR. LAURENCE CLAGGETT. THE COPY OBSERVED WAS ISSUED AS A SEPARATE AND WAS ATTACHED TO TITLED MAP BOARDS. IT IS NOT KNOWN IF THIS WAS INCLUDED IN ANY ATLAS, BUT THE LACK OF THE PAGE NUMBER SUGGESTS OTHERWISE. THE MAP SHOWS MAIN ROADS, RAILROADS, CANALS, COUNTY SEATS, CITIES AND TOWNS. THE INSET OF WASHINGTON, D.C. LOCATES COLLEGES AND GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS AND SHOWS A LAYOUT OF THE STREETS IN THE CAPITAL AND FOR GEORGETOWN. THERE ARE NO SOUNDINGS OR OTHER HYDROGRAPHIC DATA. THE CHESAPEAKE BAY, DELAWARE BAY AND RIVER AND CLOSE OCEAN AREAS ARE DEPICTED BY SHORE-CONFORMING PARALLEL LINES. SEVERAL OTHER STATES AND/OR EDITIONS OF THIS MAP ARE KNOWN TO THE WRITER AT THIS TIME. SEE EDITION AND STATE INFORMATION SECTION FOR MAP REFERENCES. J. H. COLTON & CO. WAS, ACCORDING TO RISTOW, PROBABLY FOUNDED BY JOSEPH HUTCHINS COLTER IN NEW YORK CITY IN 1831. THE EARLIEST IMPRINTS OF THE FIRM ARE DATED 1833. COLTON WAS BORN IN 1800 IN LONGMEADOW, MASS. HE HAD LITTLE FORMAL EDUCATION OR TRAINING IN GEOGRAPHY OR CARTOGRAPHY AND HIS PRINCIPAL CONTRIBUTION TO THE SUCCESS OF THE FIRM WAS IN ADMINISTRATION, MANAGEMENT AND DISTRIBUTION. FOR THE FIRST 10 OR 15 YEARS OF OPERATION, COLTON PURCHASED COPYRIGHTS OF MAPS PREPARED BY OTHERS. IN 1855, THE FIRST VOLUME OF COLTON'S ATLAS OF THE WORLD ILLUSTRATING PHYSICAL AND RAILROAD GEOGRAPHY... WAS RELEASED. SINCE THERE WERE NO PLATE MARKS, THE ENGRAVED MAPS WERE PROBABLY TRANSFERRED TO LITHOGRAPHIC STONES. COLOR WAS MANUALLY APPLIED. VOLUME 2 WAS PUBLISHED IN 1856, COVERING EUROPE, ASIA, AFRICA, OCEANIA, ETC. THE ATLAS OF THE WORLD WAS DISCONTINUED AFTER TWO EDITIONS, POSSIBLY BECAUSE OF ITS HIGH PRICE, AND WAS REPLACED IN 1857 BY COLTON'S GENERAL ATLAS IN ONE VOLUME, WITH THE MAPS DONE ON STEEL PLATES. MOST OF THE MAPS IN THE GENERAL ATLAS DUPLICATE THOSE IN THE EARLIER ATLAS OF THE WORLD, BUT DO NOT HAVE DECORATIVE BORDERS IN ORDER TO REDUCE THEIR SIZE, UNTIL THE 1860 EDITION. DATA IS FROM PHILLIPS, ATLASES, AND RISTOW'S AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : WE HAVE IDENTIFIED SEVERAL STATES/EDITIONS OF THE MAP. WE NEED PHOTOS OF THE ITEMS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. A NUMBER OF OTHER EDITIONS AND/OR STATES ARE LISTED IN PHILLIPS, BUT WE HAVEN'T YET SEEN THEM. ONE STATE - (1855?) - ENTITLED DELAWARE AND MARYLAND PUBLISHED BY J.H. COLTON & CO. No. 172 WILLIAM ST. NEW YORK, THIS MAP HAS NO SCROLLWORK OUTSIDE THE HEAVY NEAT LINE AND THE PAGE NUMBER IS "24". SEE MAP # 355C2. ANOTHER STATE - (1855?) - HAS THE SAME TITLE AS THE PRIOR STATE BUT WITH "No. 22" AS THE PAGE NUMBER. THIS STATE HAS CIRCULAR SCROLLWORK INSTEAD OF A HEAVY NEAT LINE. SEE MAP # 355C3. ANOTHER STATE - (1856) - THIS MAP IS SIMILAR TO THE PRIOR STATE BUT WITH "NO. 22" OMITTED. THERE WAS NO PAGE NUMBER, SINCE THIS WAS ISSUED AS A SEPARATE BETWEEN TITLED MAP BOARDS. THE DATE 1856 IS IN THE TITLE. THE MAP BOARD IS RED AND MEASURES 12.7 X 8.7 CM. THE TITLE "MAP OF DELAWARE & MARYLAND J.H. COLTON" IS IN GOLD LEAF ON THE COVER. THIS VERSION OF THE MAP IS ON THIN PAPER. A COPY IS IN THE COLLECTION OF DR. LAURENCE CLAGGETT OF EASTON, MD. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN. ANOTHER STATE - (1860?) - THIS IS ENTITLED "COLTON'S DELAWARE AND MARYLAND PUBLISHED BY JOHNSON & BROWNING, 172 WILLIAM St. NEW YORK." IT HAS A PAGE "No. 22". THERE IS AN INSET OF WASHINGTON, D.C. IN THE BOTTOM LEFT AND AN ENTERED DATE OF 1855. SEE MAP # 360J5. ANOTHER STATE - (c1861) - THIS IS ENTITLED "JOHNSON'S DELAWARE AND MARYLAND BY JOHNSON & BROWNING." IT HAS A PAGE NUMBER OF "31." IN ADDITION TO VIEWS OF THE POST OFFICE, TREASURY AND PATENT BUILDINGS ACROSS THE TOP, IT SHOWS HARPER'S FERRY ABOVE THE TITLE AND THE CAPITOL BUILDING BELOW THE TITLE. THE PUBLISHER'S STATEMENT IS OMITTED. SEE MAP # 361J7. ANOTHER STATE - (1863) - THIS IS ENTITLED "COLTON'S DELAWARE AND MARYLAND PUBLISHED BY J.H. COLTON -- No. 172 WILLIAM St. NEW YORK 1863" THERE IS AN INSET OF WASHINGTON, D.C., BUT NO PAGE NUMBER. THE ENTERED DATE IS 1855. SEE MAP # 363C5. ANOTHER STATE - (1863) - THE TITLE IS "JOHNSON'S DELAWARE AND MARYLAND BY JOHNSON AND WARD." THE VIEWS CONTINUE ACROSS THE TOP, BUT THE VIEW OF HARPER'S FERRY IS GONE AND THE CAPITOL IS REPLACED BY AN INSET OF WASHINGTON, D.C. THE PAGE NUMBER IS "35." SEE MAP # 363J5. ANOTHER STATE - (1865?) - THIS IS ENTITLED "JOHNSON'S DELAWARE AND MARYLAND BY JOHNSON AND WARD". IT HAS A PAGE NUMBER OF "38." PICTURES OF THE GENERAL POST OFFICE, THE TREASURY BUILDINGS AND THE PATENT OFFICE REMAIN ACROSS THE TOP. THE PUBLISHER'S STATEMENT IS STILL MISSING. ON THE REVERSE SIDE IS AN "APPENDIX TO THE GEOGRAPHICAL INDEX". SEE MAP # 365J5. ANOTHER STATE - (1868?) - TITLE IS "JOHNSON'S DELAWARE AND MARYLAND A.J. JOHNSON, NEW YORK." THERE IS NO PAGE NUMBER. THE ENTERED DATE IS 1855. THERE IS AN INSET OF WASHINGTON, D.C. SEE MAP # 368J6. ANOTHER STATE - (1873) - TITLE IS "GRAYS ATLAS MAP OF DELAWARE AND MARYLAND". THERE IS AN INSET OF WASHINGTON, D.C. THE PAGE NUMBER IS "98". THERE IS NO PUBLISHER'S STATEMENT. ON THE REVERSE SIDE IS MAP # 97 ENTITLED "GRAYS ATLAS MAP OF NEW JERSEY". SEE MAP # 373G7. ANOTHER EDITION - (1868?) - TITLE IS "JOHNSON'S DELAWARE AND MARYLAND PUBLISHED BY A.J. JOHNSON, NEW YORK." PAGE NUMBER IS "45". THE PUBLISHER'S STATEMENT CARRIES A 1868 DATE. THE INSET OF WASHINGTON, D.C. IS ENLARGED. THE ELECTION DISTRICTS ARE SHOWN FOR EACH COUNTY. SEE MAP # 368J7. DATA IS FROM OBSERVATION OF COPIES OF THIS MAP IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION OR IN OTHER COLLECTIONS AVAILABLE TO THE WRITER.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS AN 8 X 10 " PHOTOGRAPH OF THE STATE DESCRIBED HEREIN FROM THE COLLECTION OF DR. LAURENCE CLAGGETT OF EASTON, MD. THE PHOTOGRAPH HAS A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-678 (PHOTO). THE COLLECTION HAS A COLORED COPY IN GOOD CONDITION OF A SIMILAR MAP WITH AN 1855 DATE AND A PAGE NUMBER OF "22", WITH SLIGHT BROWNING. A SMALL CORNER OF THE BOTTOM RIGHT MARGIN IN MISSING, NOT AFFECTING THE PRINTING. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF N018-DIG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-278. THE COLLECTION HAS A COLORED COPY MOUNTED ON A NON ACID-FREE BOARD OF A SIMILAR MAP, ALSO OF 1855, WITH NO SCROLLWORK AND WITH A PAGE NUMBER OF "24". IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DHN AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-228. THE MAP HAS SOME BROWNING. IT HAS A FAIR COLORED COPY OF THE JOHNSON & BROWNING 1860 ISSUE WITH BROWNING AND SOME WATERSTAINS. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF GS017-DHF AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-450. THE COLLECTION HAS THE JOHNSON & BROWNING c1861 ISSUE, WITH SOME MARGINAL BROWNING AND TEARS, WITH AN ACQ. # OF G016-DTI AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-489. ITS COPY OF THE 1863 ISSUE OF JOHNSON AND WARD IS IN COLOR AND IS A CLEAN COPY, WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-2I AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-106. IT HAS AN 8 X 10" PHOTOGRAPH OF THE J.H. COLTON MAP OF 1863 FROM THE MARYLAND HALL OF RECORDS PHOTOGRAPHIC COLLECTION. THE COLLECTION HAS A COLORED COPY OF THE JOHNSON AND WARD 1865 ISSUE WITH SOME BROWNING, PRIMARILY IN THE MARGINS, WITH AN ACQ. # OF N018-NIG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399- 277. IT HAS A COLORED A.J. JOHNSON MAP OF 1868, ENTERED IN 1855, WITH SOME BROWNING AND MARGIN SECTIONS MISSING. THE MAP HAS AN ACQ. # OF G016-DUH AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-451. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A GOOD COPY OF THE 1873 ISSUE OF GRAYS ATLAS MAP OF DELAWARE AND MARYLAND, WITH SOME MARGINAL TEARS AND BROWNING. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF N017-DIF AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-429. FINALLY, THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A DIFFERENT EDITION, DATED 1868, PUBLISHED BY A.J. JOHNSON IN COLOR, WITH THE TOP MARGIN MISSING, INCLUDING THE DECORATIVE BORDER. OTHERWISE IT IS A CLEAN COPY. THE ACQ. # IS G016-DUE AND THE MDHR # IS MSA SC1399-487.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD, A 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, # 816 (1856), 827 (1858), 837 (1862), 840 (1863), 843 (1864), 856 (1870), 858 (1870), 866 (1873), 875 (1876), 877 (1876), 878 (1876), 879 (1876), 886 (1878), 904 (1882), 911 (1882),913 (1882-3), 1390 (1873), 1391 (1875), 1393 (1876), 1394 (1876),1398 (1877),4343 (1862), 4345 (1865), 4346 (1866), 4349 (1868), 6116 (1855), 6125 (1856), 6129 (1857), 6140 (1860), 6148 (1864), 6155 (1866), 6162 (1869), 6179 (1872), 6195 (1877), 6196 (1878), 6224 (1885), AND 6229 (1886); OLD PRINT SHOP CATALOG VOL XLIII, NO. 2, 33, ITEM 13; KARPINSKI, LOUIS C., MAPS OF FAMOUS CARTOGRAPHERS DEPICTING NORTH AMERICA, AMSTERDAM: MERIDAN PUBLISHING CO., 1977, 293, 296; LONG, JOHN H., HANDBOOK OF MARYLAND BOUNDARIES, A SUPPLEMENT TO THE U.S. HISTORICAL COUNTY BOUNDARY DATA FILE, CHICAGO: NEWBERRY LIBRARY, 1978, 38; RISTOW, WALTER W., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS, COMMERCIAL CARTOGRAPHY IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY, 1985, 318-326. February 24, 1993


This information resource of the Maryland State Archives is presented here for fair use in the public domain. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: Rights assessment for associated source material is the responsibility of the user.


Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!


[ Archives' Home Page  ||  All About Maryland  ||  Maryland Manual On-Line  ||  Reference & Research
||  Search the Archives   ||  Education & Outreach  ||  Archives of Maryland Online ]

Governor     General Assembly    Judiciary     Maryland.Gov

© Copyright April 26, 2006 Maryland State Archives