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MAP #: 355U8

CARTOGRAPHER : UNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1855

SHORT TITLE : PRELIMINARY CHART OF JAMES RIVER VIRGINIA FROM RICHMOND

REMAINING TITLE & ID : TO CITY POINT INCLUDING THE APPOMATTOX RIVER FROM PETERSBURG TO THE JUNCTION FROM A TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY UNDER THE DIRECTION OF A.D. BACHE SUPERINTEN- DENT OF THE SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES TRIANGULATION BY J. FARLEY AND W.P. TROWBRIDGE LIEUT. U.S. ENG'S. ASSISTS. TOPOGRAPHY BY J. SEIB AND S.A. WAINWRIGHT SUB-ASSISTS. HYDROGRAPHY BY THE PARTY UNDER THE COMMAND OF LIEUT. R. WAINWRIGHT U.S.N. ASSIST. SCALE 1/40.000 1855 (CENTER LEFT). "(C NO. 4)" (ABOVE TITLE). "No. 13" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). "BOWNE & HASBROUCK LITH., N.Y." (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). "REDd. DRng. BY W.T. MARTIN" (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). ENGd. BY W. LANGRAN & APP. F.W. BENNER (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). SCALES IN STATUTE AND NAUTICAL MILES (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). TABLE OF "DESCRIPTION OF THE BARS IN THE APPOMATTOX RIVER FROM PETERSBURG TO CITY POINT" (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "DESCRIPTION OF THE BARS IN JAMES RIVER FROM RICHMOND TO CITY POINT" (CENTER RIGHT). "NOTE" ON SOUNDINGS, LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE, MAGNETIC VARIATION AND DATES OF EXECUTION OF THE WORK (BELOW PRIOR ENTRY). TABLE OF "TIDES" AND AN INCOMPLETE ONE ON "ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE BOTTOMS" (BELOW PRIOR NOTES). SYMBOL OF THE COAST SURVEY OFFICE IS MISSING, BUT "VERIFIED", SIGNED BY H.W. BENHAM, "CAPT. OF ENGrs. ASST. C.S. IN CHARGE OF OFFICE." APPEARS BELOW AND TO THE RIGHT OF THE TITLE. COMPASS ROSE (CENTER BOTTOM. CHART IS ORIENTED WITH NW AT THE TOP). LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (ALL BORDERS). LATITUDE (ALL BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1855
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 66.1 X 75.6 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 40,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 4 STATUTE MILES = 15.9 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-626
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : B014-DHU
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED CHART OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS CHART (4)
: VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 2
MAP ORIENTATION : NW IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES.
: BOTTOM CONDITIONS ARE INDICATED.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH/LONDON (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE MANUSCRIPT CHART AND COPPERPLATE RECORDS OF NOAA AND THE 1855 USCS ANNUAL REPORT ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS PRELIMINARY CHART IS THE SECOND OF TWO SHEETS OF THE JAMES RIVER FROM ITS ENTRANCE TO RICHMOND. THE CHART OF THE ENTRANCE TO JAMES RIVER WAS NOT DONE UNTIL SEVERAL YEARS LATER. THIS UPPER SHEET WAS INCLUDED AS ILLUSTRATION No. 13 IN THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1855.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ALTHOUGH DATED 1855, THE NOAA COPPERPLATE RECORDS SHOW THAT THE ORIGINAL PLATE FOR THIS CHART WAS PLATE # 525, WHICH WAS BEGUN IN JUNE, 1856 AND COMPLETED IN NOVEMBER, 1856. AN ALPHA PLATE # 426 WAS COMPLETED ON DECEMBER 14, 1872 FROM THE ORIGINAL AND A BASSO PLATE # 1213 WAS DONE FROM THE ALPHA ON JANUARY 20, 1873. THAT PLATE WAS CORRECTED UP TO THE DATE OF ITS COMPLETION. THE CATALOGS FROM 1872 TO 1877 LIST THE EDITION OF 1871, WHICH PRESUMABLY WAS THE DATE GIVEN ON PLATE # 426. BY 1880, THIS CHART HAD BEEN SUPERSEDED. IN 1882, CHARTS 402A & B COVERED THIS SAME AREA AND IN JANUARY, 1912, CHART # 529 ENTITLED "JAMES RIVER - NEWPORT NEWS TO JAMESTOWN ISLAND" SUPERSEDED THE PRIOR CHARTS. EDITION 10 OF MARCH, 1953 WAS COMPLETELY RECONSTRUCTED FROM RECENT HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYS BY THE CORP OF ENGINEERS. SYMBOLS WERE MODERNIZED AND CHANGED MADE FOR BETTER LEGIBILITY. THE NUMBER OF THE CHART WAS CHANGED WITH THE PUBLICATION OF EDITION 20 TO 12248. THE 1983 NORTH AMERICAN DATUM WAS ADDED WITH EDITION 29 OF AUGUST 4, 1990.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY OF THIS CHART ON THIN PAPER WITH BOTH BROWNING AND SOME SEPARATION AT THE FOLDS. THE LOWER LEFT FOLD AT PETERSBURG IS SEPARATED 1 1/2" INTO THE CHART FROM THE NEAT LINE. THE LEFT MARGIN IS CLOSE CROPPED AT TOP AND BOTTOM WITH PARTIAL LOSS OF THE NEAT LINE AT THE TOP. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF B014-DHU AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-626.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1855, H.R. EX. DOC. No. 6, 34th CONGRESS, 1st. SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1856, 47-49, 419; MORRISON, RUSSELL & ROBERT HANSEN, CHARTING THE CHESAPEAKE, ANNAPOLIS: MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES, 1990, 142- 143.

December 7, 1991


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