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MAP #: 355U7

CARTOGRAPHER : UUNITED STATES COAST SURVEY

DATE: 1855

SHORT TITLE : PRELIMINARY CHART OF PART OF THE SEA COAST OF VIRGINIA

REMAINING TITLE & ID : AND ENTRANCE TO CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM A TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY UNDER THE DIRECTION OF A.D. BACHE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES TRIANGULATION BY JOHN FARLEY ASSISTANT TOPOGRAPHY BY G.D. WISE ASSIST. & J. SEIB SUB. ASSISTANT HYDROGRAPHY BY THE PARTY UNDER THE COMMAND OF LIEUT. J.J. ALMY U.S.N. ASSIST. SCALE 1/200,000 1855" (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "(C NO. 2) (ABOVE TITLE). "REDd. DRng. BY L.D. WILLIAMS, A SHOEPF, & A. BALBACH" (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). "ENGd. BY E. YEAGER, H.S. BARNARD, A. PETERSEN & APP. R.F. BARTLE" (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). "NO. 11" (LEFT TOP MARGIN). "BOWNE & HASBROUCK LITH. N.Y." (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). TIDE TABLE (RIGHT OF CENTER, AT TOP). "ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE BOTTOM OF THIS CHART" (BELOW TIDE TABLE). CURRENTS TABLE (RIGHT CENTER). "SAILING DIRECTIONS" (BELOW CURRENTS TABLE). NOTES ON "DANGER" AND "NOTE" ON SOUNDINGS AND DISTANCES (BELOW SAILING DIRECTIONS). LOCATIONS TABLE (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). SCALES IN STATUTE AND NAUTICAL MILES (BELOW TITLE). COMPASS ROSES (UPPER RIGHT AND LOWER CENTER). LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS). INSET "ENTRANCE TO CHESAPEAKE BAY SCALE 1/100,000" (TOP LEFT QUARTER OF CHART WITH IRREGULAR BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). INSET SCALES IN STATUTE AND NAUTICAL MILES (BELOW INSET TITLE). INSET COMPASS ROSE (LOWER RIGHT). INSET LONGITUDE (TOP BORDER). INSET LATITUDE (LEFT BORDER).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1855
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : WASHINGTON
PUBLISHER : U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 71.0 X 52.1 CM. (INSET 33 X 29.9 CM)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 200,000 (INSET 1: 100,000)
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-448
# 2 : MSA SC1399-509
# 3 : MSA SC1399-589
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : A016-HDU
# 2 : B016-DHU
# 3 : B015-DUD
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED CHART OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : USCS CHART (4)
: VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES.
: BOTTOM CONDITIONS ARE INDICATED.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : GREENWICH/LONDON (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : MANUSCRIPT NOAA CHART AND COPPERPLATE RECORDS AND THE 1855 AND 1856 USCS ANNUAL REPORTS ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS EXTREMELY DETAILED SEA CHART GIVES SOUNDINGS IN FEET UP TO 18, THEN IN FATHOMS. IT HAS VERY WIDESPREAD INDICATIONS OF THE CONDITION OF THE BOTTOM AND HAS SHOALS IN FEET SHADED AND IN FATHOMS MARKED BY DOTTED LINE. BUOYS AND CHANNEL COURSES ARE DRAWN. IN SHORT, THIS CHART SUMMARIZES THE VERY BEST DATA AVAILABLE FROM THE ONGOING COAST SURVEY WORK AT THE TIME. THE SCALE OF THE INSET OF THE ENTRANCE TO THE CHESAPEAKE BAY IS TWICE AS LARGE AS THE MAIN CHART. THE MAIN CHART INCLUDES THE ATLANTIC OCEAN AREA SOME 10' OFFSHORE FROM ASSAWOMAN I. TO FALSE CAPE, SOUTH OF CAPE HENRY.

THE CHART WAS CHART # 11 IN THE REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1855., H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 6, 34TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1856. IT WAS PROBABLY LITHOGRAPHED FOR THIS REPORT. THE PLATE OF THIS PRELIMINARY CHART WAS COMPLETED IN 1856, ACCORDING TO THE 1856 ANNUAL REPORT.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THE CHART "THE SEACOAST OF VIRGINIA AND ENTRANCE TO CHESAPEAKE BAY" WAS ORIGINALLY IN 1854 IN TWO PARTS, AN UPPER AND LOWER, ON PLATES 306 AND 351 RESPECTIVELY. IN 1855 AN ALPHA PLATE # 128 WAS MADE BY JOINING THE TWO PLATES AND ENLARGING THEM. THREE BASSO PLATES FOLLOWED, # 488 IN JUNE, 1858, # 698 IN AUGUST, 1858 AND # 1013 IN JULY, 1865. CORRECTIONS WERE MADE IN THE FIRST BASSO AFTER THE ALPHA PLATE WAS FINISHED. THE ORIGINAL PLATE WAS CONDEMNED MARCH 27, 1871.

THE INFORMATION FROM THIS CHART WAS INCORPORATED INTO "A GENERAL CHART OF DELAWARE AND CHESAPEAKE BAYS AND THE SEACOAST FROM CAPE MAY TO CAPE HENRY" IN MAY, 1882 ON A SCALE OF 1-400,000. THE TITLE WAS CHANGED WITH EDITION 3 OF JANUARY, 1892 TO "DELAWARE AND CHESAPEAKE BAYS". THE CHART WAS DECLARED OBSOLETE AFTER THE 6TH EDITION OF JULY, 1915.

THIS CHART WAS SUPERSEDED BY CHART # 78 ENTITLED " CHESAPEAKE BAY UPPER AND LOWER ON A SCALE OF 1-200,000 IN SEPTEMBER, 1912. THE NAME WAS CHANGED TO "CHESAPEAKE BAY SOUTHERN PART ON JULY 21, 1916 AND WAS RENUMBERED 12220 WITH EDITION 23 OF SEPTEMBER 14, 1974. LORAN "C" LINES OF POSITION WERE ADDED WITH THAT EDITION. EDITION 33 OF NOVEMBER 17, 1990 ADDED THE 1983 NORTH AMERICAN DATUM.

DATA IS FROM MANUSCRIPT NOAA RECORDS OF CHARTS AND COPPERPLATES.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS THREE COPIES OF THIS PRELIMINARY CHART ON THIN PAPER WITH SOME BROWNING AT THE FOLDS. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF A016-HDU AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-448. THE SECOND COPY HAS AN ACQ. # OF B016-DHU AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-509. THE THIRD COPY HAS AN ACQ. # OF B015-DUD AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-589.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE U.S. COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1855, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1856, 27, 47, 107-18, 234, 243, 246; U.S. COAST SURVEY, REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE U.S. COAST SURVEY SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE SURVEY DURING THE YEAR 1856, H.R. EX. DOC. NO. 18, 34TH CONGRESS, 3D SESSION, WASHINGTON: U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 1856, 153; NOAA, MANUSCRIPT CHART HISTORY CARDS FOR CHARTS # 376, 78, AND 12220; NOAA, MANUSCRIPT COPPERPLATE RECORDS FOR CHART 376; MORRISON, RUSSELL & ROBERT HANSEN, CHARTING THE CHESAPEAKE, ANNAPOLIS: MARYLAND STATE ARCHIVES, 1990, 137.

December 7, 1991


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