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MAP #: 355C6

CARTOGRAPHER : COLTON, GEORGE W.[?]

DATE: 1855

SHORT TITLE : COLTON'S VIRGINIA

REMAINING TITLE & ID : PUBLISHED BY J.H. COLTON No. 172 WILLIAM St. NEW YORK." (NO CARTOUCHE, TOP LEFT CORNER). "No. 25." (BOTTOM RIGHT MARGIN, WITH NUMBERS FACING LEFT). "ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR 1855 BY J.H. COLTON & CO. IN THE CLERK'S OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK" (BELOW TITLE). SCALE OF 50 MILES (BELOW PRIOR IMPRINT). "EXPLANATIONS" OF LINES AND SYMBOLS USED IN THE MAP (BELOW SCALE). THERE ARE TWO INSETS. "NORFOLK, PORTSMOUTH AND GOSPORT" (6.3 X 6.4 CM., WITH IRREGULAR BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER, BLACK AND WHITE, TOP RIGHT CORNER. TITLE OF INSET IS AT THE BOTTOM LEFT OF INSET). SCALE OF 4000', BOTTOM RIGHT OF INSET). INSET "RICHMOND HENRICO COUNTY. MANCHESTER AND SPRING HILL CHESTERFIELD CO. (6.3 X 9.0 CM., BLACK AND WHITE, LEFT OF NORFOLK INSET. TITLE AND SCALE OF 4000' AT TOP LEFT OF INSET). CIRCULAR SCROLLWORK COMPLETELY SURROUNDS THE BORDERS OF THE MAIN MAP EXCEPT ON THE LOWER RIGHT AND LEFT, WHERE THE MAP EXTENDS THROUGH THE SCROLLWORK. ON THE REVERSE SIDE IS A PAGE OF TEXT ENTITLED "THE STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA.", WHICH GIVES DESCRIPTIVE DATA ON THAT STATE, INCLUDING CENSUS AND OTHER STATISTICS FROM THE 1850 CENSUS. THERE IS NO WATERMARK ON THE PAPER. THE MAP EXTENDS THROUGH THE NEAT AND DECORATIVE BORDERS ON THE RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES. LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (TOP BORDER) AND FROM WASHINGTON (BOTTOM BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1855?
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : NEW YORK
PUBLISHER : J. H. COLTON & CO.
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 28.4 X 35.8 CM. (WITHOUT BORDER AND EW PROJECTION)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,800,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : INSETS 1-66,000
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-600
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : SW015-DUD
REGION CATEGORY : THIS MAP IS NOT IMPORTANT TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (9)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : WASHINGTON & GREENWICH/LONDON (8)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : RISTOW AND PHILLIPS ATLASES WERE BOTH OF SOME HELP.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP CONCENTRATES ON VIRGINIA, DIVIDING THE STATE INTO COUNTIES, EACH SEPARATELY COLORED. ALL OF MARYLAND, EXCEPT THE OCEAN PORTION OF THE EASTERN SHORE, IS SHOWN IN BLACK AND WHITE. NO MARYLAND COUNTIES ARE SHOWN, SINCE THEY APPEAR ON ANOTHER PAGE OF THE ATLAS SHOWING MARYLAND AND DELAWARE. THIS MAP IS SIMILAR IN DECORATIVE BORDER, STYLE AND PAGE DESIGNATION TO MAP # 255C2, WHICH CONCENTRATES MORE ON MARYLAND. IT WAS MAP # 25 IN COLTON'S ATLAS OF THE WORLD ILLUSTRATING PHYSICAL AND POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY. BY GEORGE W. COLTON. ACCOMPANIED BY DESCRIPTIONS GEOGRAPHICAL, STATISTICAL AND HISTORICAL BY RICHARD SWAINSON FISHER, M.D..., NEW YORK: J. H. COLTON & CO: LONDON: TRABNER & CO., 1855. THIS VIRGINIA MAP IS NOT SIGNIFICANT TO A MD-CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION SINCE THE DATA IN THE MARYLAND SHEET IS ON A LARGER SCALE AND IS MUCH MORE DETAILED. J. H. COLTON & CO. WAS, ACCORDING TO RISTOW, PROBABLY FOUNDED BY JOSEPH HUTCHINS COLTER IN NEW YORK CITY IN 1831. THE EARLIEST IMPRINTS OF THE FIRM ARE DATED 1833. COLTON WAS BORN IN 1800 IN LONGMEADOW, MASS. HE HAD LITTLE FORMAL EDUCATION OR TRAINING IN GEOGRAPHY OR CARTOGRAPHY AND HIS PRINCIPAL CONTRIBUTION TO THE SUCCESS OF THE FIRM WAS IN ADMINISTRATION, MANAGEMENT AND DISTRIBUTION. FOR THE FIRST 10 OR 15 YEARS OF OPERATION, COLTON PURCHASED COPYRIGHTS OF MAPS PREPARED BY OTHERS. IN 1855, THE FIRST VOLUME OF COLTON'S ATLAS OF THE WORLD ILLUSTRATING PHYSICAL AND RAILROAD GEOGRAPHY... WAS RELEASED. SINCE THERE WERE NO PLATE MARKS, THE ENGRAVED MAPS WERE PROBABLY TRANSFERRED TO LITHOGRAPHIC STONES. COLOR WAS MANUALLY APPLIED. VOLUME 2 WAS PUBLISHED IN 1856, COVERING EUROPE, ASIA, AFRICA, OCEANIA, ETC. THE ATLAS OF THE WORLD WAS DISCONTINUED AFTER TWO EDITIONS, POSSIBLY BECAUSE OF ITS HIGH PRICE, AND WAS REPLACED IN 1857 BY COLTON'S GENERAL ATLAS IN ONE VOLUME, WITH THE MAPS DONE ON STEEL PLATES. MOST OF THE MAPS IN THE GENERAL ATLAS DUPLICATE THOSE IN THE EARLIER ATLAS OF THE WORLD, BUT DO NOT HAVE DECORATIVE BORDERS IN ORDER TO REDUCE THEIR SIZE, UNTIL THE 1860 EDITION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : NOT YET RESEARCHED.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD COLORED COPY OF THIS MAP, WITH SLIGHT BROWNING, WITH AN ACQ. # OF SW015-DUD AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-600.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : RISTOW, WALTER W., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS COMMERCIAL CARTOGRAPHY IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1985, 313-326; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD, A 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 6116 (1855 ED.), 816 (1856 ED.). October 8, 1991


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