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MAP #: 350T6

CARTOGRAPHER : THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO. [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1850

SHORT TITLE : A NEW MAP OF MARYLAND AND DELAWARE

REMAINING TITLE & ID : WITH THEIR CANALS, ROADS & DISTANCES. (ABOVE INSET POPULATION TABLE ON LEFT SIDE). "PUBLISHED BY THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO. No. 253 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA." (BELOW TITLE). POPULATION TABLE BASED ON 1850 CENSUS (LEFT BOTTOM CORNER, MEASURING 10.7 X 8.3 CM.). "15." (BOTTOM RIGHT MARGIN). "ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR 1850, BY THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO. IN THE CLERKS OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA" (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). SAME SCROLLED BORDER AS IN MAPS # 347M5 AND 350T5, WITH CIRCLES IN THE FOUR CORNERS. TABLE OF STEAMBOAT ROUTE MILEAGE FROM BALTIMORE TO NORFOLK, BALTIMORE TO PHILADELPHIA, AND BALTIMORE TO WASHINGTON AND INTERMEDIATE POINTS (TABLE ORIENTED FROM EAST TO WEST AT THE TOP LEFT HALF OF THE MAP). THE MAP EXTENDS THROUGH THE LATITUDE BORDERS ON THE RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES. LONGITUDE EAST AND WEST FROM WASHINGTON, (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1850 (1833)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO.
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 29.1 X 36.3 CM. (WIDTH TAPERS IN AT THE NORTH)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,170,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 1 5/8 INCHES = 30 MILES
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : G3840 1850 .T5
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-22 (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 2 : MSA SC1399-185(REPRO) (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-223 (ED. 1 - STATE 1) # 4 : MSA SC1399-16 (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 5 : MSA SC1399-17 (ED. 1 - 1842-3 STATE)
# 6 : MSA SC1399-14 (ED. 1 - 1846 STATE)
# 7 : MSA SC1399-13 (ED. 1 - 1847 STATE)
# 8 : MSA SC1399-15 (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 9 : MSA SC1399-19 (ED. 1 - 1856 STATE)
# 10 : MSA SC1399-31 (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 11 : MSA SC1399-18 (ED. 2 - STATE 2)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-DUD (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 2 : - (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 3 : BB023-3 (ED. 1 - STATE 1)
# 4 : G018-DIG (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 5 : G018-DFG (ED. 1 - 1842-3 STATE)
# 6 : G018-DGG (ED. 1 - 1846 STATE)
# 7 : G018-DGG (ED. 1 - 1847 STATE)
# 8 : G018-DDG (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 9 : BB023-2N (ED. 1 - 1856 STATE)
# 10 : BB023-DHF (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 11 : G018-DIG (ED. 2 - STATE 2)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : CANAL MAP (21)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : WASHINGTON, (5)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 33375. 336T5, 342T5, 344T5, 346M4, 346M5, 346M6, 347M5, 350T5, 351M5, 353T5, 356D5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : RISTOW'S AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS IS THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS THE SECOND 1850 STATE OF A MAP WITH A SIMILAR TITLE DONE ORIGINALLY IN 1833 BY HENRY SCHENCK TANNER. THIS 1850 STATE OF THE MAP APPEARED INITIALLY IN THE 1852 VERSION OF S.A. MITCHELL'S NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS. THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO. OF PHILADELPHIA BOUGHT THE COPYRIGHT TO THE ATLAS FROM MITCHELL IN 1850. THAT FIRM PUBLISHED NEW ATLAS EDITIONS ANNUALLY FROM 1850 THROUGH 1853. IN THAT INTERVAL, THE NUMBER OF MAPS IN THE ATLAS WAS INCREASED FROM 117 TO 122. BEGINNING WITH THE 1850 EDITION OF THE ATLAS, ACCORDING TO RISTOW, THE COLOR ON THE MAP BORDERS APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN PRINTED BY CHROMOLITHOGRAPHY, ALTHOUGH THE COLOR ON THE MAPS THEMSELVES CONTINUED TO BE MANUALLY APPLIED.

THE MAIN DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THIS STATE OF THE MAP AND THE EARLIER 1850 VERSION CARRYING THE THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO. NAME (SEE MAP # 350T5) ARE THESE: 1) A POPULATION TABLE FOR 1850 AND A TABLE OF COMPARISON OF POPULATION IN EACH CENSUS STARTING WITH THE FIRST IN 1790 ARE SHOWN IN THE BOTTOM LEFT, REPLACING A LARGER INSET MAP OF THE CITY OF BALTIMORE; 2) BECAUSE OF THE ADDED SPACE MADE AVAILABLE BY THE CHANGE IN INSETS, ROADS, TOWNS, RIVERS AND RAILROADS ARE ADDED FOR THE PART OF THE VIRGINIA AREA THAT IS ON THE MAP; 3) A 50 MILE SCALE IS ADDED BELOW THE TITLE TO REPLACE A 30 MILE SCALE AT THE CENTER BOTTOM; 4) THE PUBLISHER'S IMPRINT, "ENTERED...1850 BY THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO...." IS ADDED IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN; 5) "PUBLISHED BY ...PHILADELPHIA." BENEATH THE TITLE IS REENGRAVED IN SMALLER LETTERS; 6) A NUMBER OF PLACE NAMES ARE ALTERED IN WESTERN MARYLAND; AND 7) THE LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE LINES ARE STRENGTHENED AND EXTENDED.

THE TANNER MAP WAS DONE TO SATISFY A GROWING DEMAND FOR ACCURATE MAPS TO SHOW THE RAPID IMPROVEMENT IN COMMUNICATIONS AND TRANSPORTATION IN THE UNITED STATES THAT OCCURRED FROM 1820 TO 1840. CANALS AND ROAD CONSTRUCTION WERE EXPANDING SUBSTANTIALLY. SEE MAP # 333T5 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON THIS VERY POPULAR AND OFTEN PUBLISHED MAP.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THIS MAP IS KNOWN IN AT LEAST TWO EDITIONS, EACH WITH SEVERAL STATES. THERE ARE SO MANY ISSUANCES AND STATES OF THE MAP THAT IT IS CERTAIN THAT WE HAVE NOT LISTED ALL OF THEM.

ED. 1 - STATE 1 - (1833) - THIS MAP WAS IN THE FIRST FOLIO RELEASED IN 1833 OF A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS, PHILADELPHIA: H.S. TANNER, AS MAP # 12. IT WAS ALSO SOLD AS A SEPARATE. SEE MAP # 333T5.

- STATE 2 - (1836) - THIS STATE IS THE SAME AS THE FIRST STATE EXCEPT THAT "1836" IS SUBSTITUTED IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN IMPRINT. THE MAP WAS IN THE 1836 EDITION OF THE SAME ATLAS. SEE MAP # 336T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1841) - THIS IS PROBABLY A REISSUE OF STATE 2 IN A GEOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL AND STATISTICAL VIEW OF THE CENTRAL OR MIDDLE UNITED STATES, PHILADELPHIA: 1841, ON PAGE 295. WRITER HAS NOT SEEN THIS ISSUE AND THEREFORE CANNOT BE SURE OF ITS DISTINGUISHING FEATURES.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1841) - THIS STATE WAS IN THE SAME ATLAS AS THE OTHER 1841 STATE, PUBLISHED BY CAREY AND HART. WHETHER THE CAREY AND HART LEGEND REPLACES THAT OF H.S. TANNER IS UNKNOWN. THIS ISSUE HAS NOT BEEN SEEN BY THE WRITER.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1842-3) - THIS STATE WAS CONTAINED IN A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS..., PHILADELPHIA: CAREY AND HART AS MAP # 12. THE IMPRINT READS "ENTERED...CONGRESS". "PUBLISHED BY CAREY & HART" IS IN THE BOTTOM CENTER MARGIN AND THE ENGRAVER AND PAGE NUMBER ARE UNCHANGED. SEE MAP # 342T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1844) - THIS STATE IS LIKE THE 1842-3 STATE EXCEPT THAT THE PAGE # IS NOW "15". IT WAS IN THE 1844 EDITION OF A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS, PUBLISHED BY CAREY & HART. SEE MAP # 344T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1846) - PHILLIPS NOTES AN 1844 DATE IN THE INSET. IT WAS PUBLISHED IN TANNER'S A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS, PHILADELPHIA: S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL. A COPY OF THIS STATE HAS NOT BEEN SEEN BY THE WRITER. SEE MAP # 346M5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1846) - A DECORATIVE BORDER HAS BEEN ADDED. THIS MAP WAS REPRODUCED BY LITHOGRAPHY. THE MARGINAL WRITING WAS DROPPED EXCEPT FOR THE PAGE NUMBER "15". "ENTERED...1846 BY H. N. BURROUGHS..." IS PRINTED ON THE INSIDE BORDER STARTING EAST OF 1oW LONGITUDE. "PUBLISHED BY S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL,/N.E. CORNER OF MARKET & 7TH STREETS PHILADA., 1846" IS SUBSTITUTED AFTER THE TITLE. SEE MAP # 346M6.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1847) - THE BORDER IS CHANGED TO A SPIRAL SCROLL. "ENTERED..." IS REENGRAVED TO START TO THE WEST OF 1oW LONGITUDE. THE DATE FOLLOWING THE TITLE IS CHANGED TO 1847. THE BALTIMORE INSET REMAINS. SEE MAP # 347M5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1850) - "ENTERED..." IS ELIMINATED. "PUBLISHED BY THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO./NO. 253 MARKET ST PHILADELPHIA" IS SUBSTITUTED BELOW THE TITLE. SEE MAP # 350T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1850) - THIS STATE HAS BEEN EXTENSIVELY RELVISED TO INCLUDE VIRGINIA DATA. A POPULATION TABLE NOW IS INSET. "PUBLISHED BY/THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO./ NO. 253 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA." AND A SCALE OF MILES IS BELOW THE TITLE. "ENTERED...1850 BY THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO...." HAS BEEN ADDED IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN. THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPIES OF A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS SHOW THAT THE 1852 EDITION WAS THE FIRST TO CONTAIN THE POPULATION TABLE RATHER THAN THE MAP OF BALTIMORE. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1853) - THIS STATE IS SIMILAR TO THE PRIOR STATE, WITH THE POPULATION TABLE, WITH A FEW MINOR EXCEPTIONS. "1853" HAS BEEN ADDED AFTER "PHILADELPHIA" BELOW THE TITLE. "GT. OAK MANOR 1658" AND "I.U.CH. 1672" IS ADDED. "ST. JAMES" NOW READS "ST. JAMES CH. 1710" IN KENT COUNTY. SEE MAP # 353T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1856) - AN ELABORATE BORDER HAS NO OUTSIDE NEAT LINE IN THIS STATE. THE IMPRINT NOW READS "ENTERED...1856 BY CHARLES DESILVER...". "PUBLISHED BY/CHARLES DESILVER/..." IS BELOW THE TITLE. SEE MAP # 356D5.

ED. 2 - STATE 1 - (1846) - THE TITLE IS CHANGED TO "NEUESTE KARTE VON MARYLAND UND DELAWARE MIT SEINEN CANAELEN, STRASSEN UND ENTFERNUNGEN DER HAUPTPUNKTE 1846." THE MAP IS 30 X 37 CM. "MEYER'S- HANDATLAS" IS IN THE LEFT TOP MARGIN AND "NO. 89" IS AT THE RIGHT TOP. SEE MAP # 346M4.

- STATE 2 - (1851) - THIS STATE IS DATED 1851 AFTER THE TITLE. "MEYER'S-GROSSER ZEITUNG-ATLAS" AND "94" ARE IN THE LEFT AND RIGHT TOP MARGIN RESPECTIVELY. "CARROLL" (C.) AND "GRESHAMS HALL" IN KENT COUNTY ARE ADDED. SEE MAP # 351M5.

DATA IS FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION AND FROM PHOTOCOPIES OF SOME OF THE ITEMS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS THE FOLLOWING COPIES: ED. 1, STATE 1, WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-3 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-223; STATE 2 WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DIG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-16; THE 1842-3 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018- DFG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-17; THE 1846 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DGG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-14; THE 1847 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DGG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-13; THE 1850 STATE, WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DGG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-15; TWO COPIES OF THE 1850 STATE DESCRIBED HEREIN WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DUD AND RESPECTIVE MDHR #S OF MSA SC1399-22 AND MSA SC1399-185(REPRO); THE 1856 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-2N AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399- 19; ED. 2, STATE 1 WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DHF AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-31; AND ED. 2, STATE 2 WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DIG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-18.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : RISTOW, WALTER W., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS COMMERCIAL CARTOGRAPHY IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1985, 191-206; PAPENFUSE, EDWARD C. & COALE, JOSEPH M. III, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608-1908, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 70, FIG. 73 (ED. 1, STATE 2), FIG 82 (ED. 1, 1850 STATE); MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY VOL. 1, PART IV, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1897, 365 (ED. 1, STATE 1); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, I, # 774 (ED. 1, STATE 2), # 788 (1842-3 STATE), # 797 (1849 MITCHELL STATE), # 800 (1850 MITCHELL STATE), # 805 (1851 MITCHELL STATE), # 807 (1852 THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO. STATE), # 813 & 814 (1854 COWPERTHWAIT, DESILVER & BUTLER STATE), #823 (1857 C. DESILVER STATE), # 4336 (1856 C. DESILVER STATE), # 4340 (1858 C. DESILVER STATE).

February 25, 1993


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