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MAP #: 342T5

CARTOGRAPHER : TANNER, HENRY SCHENCK

DATE: 1842

SHORT TITLE : A NEW MAP OF MARYLAND AND DELAWARE

REMAINING TITLE & ID : WITH THEIR CANALS, ROADS & DISTANCES. BY H.S. TANNER (ABOVE INSET OF BALTIMORE ON THE LEFT SIDE). SCALE OF MILES (BELOW AND TO LEFT OF THE TITLE). "TANNER'S UNIVERSAL ATLAS." (CENTER TOP MARGIN). "12" (BOTTOM RIGHT MARGIN, WHICH WOULD BE THE RIGHT TOP MARGIN THE WAY THE PAGE FITS INTO THE ATLAS). "ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS" (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). "PUBLISHED BY CAREY & HART PHILADELPHIA." (CENTER BOTTOM MARGIN). "E. GILLINGHAM Sc." (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). TABLE OF STEAMBOAT ROUTE MILEAGE FROM BALTIMORE TO NORFOLK, BALTIMORE TO PHILADELPHIA AND BALTIMORE TO WASHINGTON AND INTERMEDIATE POINTS (TABLE ORIENTED FROM EAST TO WEST AT THE TOP LEFT HALF OF THE MAP). A BOX WITH AN EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS (CENTER BOTTOM). LARGE INSET MAP OF BALTIMORE (MEASURING 12.1 X 15 CM., BOTTOM LEFT CORNER, WITH A TABLE OF REFERENCES TO POINTS ON THE INSET). THE MAP EXTENDS THROUGH THE LATITUDE BORDER ON THE RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES. LONGITUDE EAST AND WEST FROM WASHINGTON, D.C. (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS). THE INSET HAS NO LONGITUDE OR LATITUDE MARKS.


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1842-3 (1833)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : CAREY & HART
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 26.7 X 34.9 CM.(WIDTH TAPERS IN AT THE NORTH)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,170,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 1 5/8 INCHES = 30 MILES
LIB. OF CONGRESS # :
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-17
# 2 : MSA SC1399-223 (ED. 1 - STATE 1)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-16 (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 4 : MSA SC1399-14 (ED. 1 - 1846 STATE)
# 5 : MSA SC1399-13 (ED. 1 - 1847 STATE)
# 6 : MSA SC1399-15 (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 7 : MSA SC1399-22 (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 8 : MSA SC1399-185(REPRO) (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 9 : MSA SC1399-19 (ED. 1 - 1856 STATE)
# 10 : MSA SC1399-31 (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 11 : MSA SC1399-18 (ED. 2 - STATE 2)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : G018-DFG
# 2 : BB023-3 (ED. 1 - STATE 1)
# 3 : G018-DIG (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 4 : G018-DGG (ED. 1 - 1846 STATE)
# 5 : G018-DGG (ED. 1 - 1847 STATE)
# 6 : G018-DGG (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 7 : BB023-DUD (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 8 : - (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 9 : BB023-2N (ED. 1 - 1856 STATE)
# 10 : BB023-DHF (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 11 : G018-DIG (ED. 2 - STATE 2)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : CANAL MAP (21)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : WASHINGTON, D.C. (5)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 333T5, 336T5, 344T5, 346M4, 346M5, 346M6, 347M5, 350T5, 350T6, 351M5, 353T5, 356D5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : RISTOW'S AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS IS THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS THE 1842-3 STATE OF A MAP BY THE SAME TITLE DONE ORIGINALLY BY HENRY SCHENCK TANNER IN 1833. TANNER'S MAP WAS ORIGINALLY ISSUED AS A SEPARATE AND WAS IN ONE OF THE EARLIEST OF A PLANNED FOURTEEN FOLIOS. BY 1836, SOME 117 MAPS, INCLUDING THE ONE DESCRIBED HEREIN, WERE RELEASED IN TANNER'S A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS..., PHILADELPHIA.

THE PERIOD FROM 1820 TO 1840 WAS ONE OF RAPID IMPROVEMENT OF COMMUNICATIONS AND TRANSPORTATION IN THE UNITED STATES. THE ROAD SYSTEM WAS BEING EXPANDED RAPIDLY, CANALS WERE BEING BUILT AND RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION WAS BEGUN. THERE WAS A LARGE AND GROWING DEMAND FOR ACCURATE MAPS TO SHOW THESE CHANGES AND HENRY S. TANNER WAS ONE OF THE BEST CARTOGRAPHERS, ENGRAVERS AND PUBLISHERS OF THAT TIME AND DEVELOPED A THRIVING BUSINESS IN MAPS AND ATLASES TO MEET THAT DEMAND.

RISTOW NOTES THAT EIGHT ENGRAVERS PREPARED THE PLATES FOR THE ATLAS, PROBABLY ON A CONTRACT BASIS. E. GILLINGHAM, THE ENGRAVER OF THIS MAP, WAS ONE OF THESE. THE MAPS WERE HAND COLORED TO SHOW ADMINISTRATIVE SUBDIVISIONS, ALSO PROBABLY ON A CONTRACT BASIS AND STENCILS WERE PROBABLY USED TO INCREASE SPEED AND NEATNESS.

A REVISED EDITION OF THE NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS WAS PUBLISHED WITH TANNER'S IMPRINT IN 1839. IT IS NOT BELIEVED THAT ANY CHANGE IN THE MAP DESCRIBED WAS MADE FROM THAT OF THE 1836 PUBLICATION (ALTHOUGH THIS NEEDS TO BE CONFIRMED). THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN WAS SIMILAR TO THE EARLIER VERSIONS, EXCEPT FOR THE IMPRINT IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN, WHICH NOW SIMPLY READS "ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS". THE PUBLISHER'S STATEMENT IN THE CENTER BOTTOM MARGIN NOW READS "PUBLISHED BY CAREY & HART PHILADELPHIA." THE ENGRAVER AND PAGE NUMBER ARE UNCHANGED. THE MAP IS IN THE 1842-3 EDITION OF A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS, WITH THE NEW PUBLISHER'S IMPRINT, "PUBLISHED BY CAREY & HART 1842". RISTOW SAYS THAT "TANNER HAD QUITE LIKELY COMPLETED MOST OF THE REVISION FOR THIS EDITION OF A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS BEFORE ITS PUBLICATION WAS ASSUMED BY CAREY & HART", WHICH WAS A SUCCESSOR OF THE PRINTING AND PUBLISHING HOUSE FOUNDED BY MATHEW CAREY IN PHILADELPHIA IN 1784. HE CONTINUES THAT, "THERE IS NO RECORD OF OTHER CARTOGRAPHIC PUBLICATIONS BY CAREY & HART, AND THEY MAY HAVE TAKEN OVER...AS A PERSONAL FAVOR TO TANNER." AN 1844 EDITION WAS ALSO RELEASED BY THE SAME FIRM.

TANNER GAVE UP A PROSPEROUS CARTOGRAPHIC PUBLISHING BUSINESS IN PHILADELPHIA IN 1843 AND RELOCATED TO NEW YORK CITY. LITHOGRAPHY WAS GRADUALLY BECOMING THE REPRODUCTION METHOD OF CHOICE FOR MAPS, WITH THE ADVENT OF ZINC PLATES RATHER THAN HEAVY STONES AND APPARENTLY TANNER WAS RELUCTANT TO REORGANIZE HIS PRODUCTION FACILITIES. THE CHANGE TO LITHOGRAPHY IS SEEN IN THE TWO 1846 EDITIONS OF THE ATLAS BY SAMUEL A. MITCHELL, WHICH USED THAT METHOD. MITCHELL ADDED DECORATIVE BORDERS. LATER EDITIONS OF THE NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS WERE RELEASED BY OTHER PUBLISHERS THROUGH 1859, INCLUDING THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO. IN 1850 AND 1853, COWPERTHWAIT, DESILVER & BUTLER IN 1854, CHARLES DESILVER IN 1856, CUSHINGS & BAILEY IN 1859, AND H.J. MEYER, WHO COPIED AND EXPANDED THE MAP IN A SEPARATE EDITION IN 1846 AND 1851.

DATA IS PRIMARILY FROM RISTOW'S AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS, FROM PHILLIPS ATLASES AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION AND THOSE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THIS MAP IS KNOWN IN AT LEAST TWO EDITIONS, EACH WITH SEVERAL STATES. THERE ARE SO MANY ISSUANCES AND STATES OF THE MAP THAT IT IS CERTAIN THAT WE HAVE NOT LISTED ALL OF THEM.

ED. 1 - STATE 1 - (1833) - THIS MAP WAS IN THE FIRST FOLIO RELEASED IN 1833 OF A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS, PHILADELPHIA: H.S. TANNER, AS MAP # 12. IT WAS ALSO SOLD AS A SEPARATE. SEE MAP # 333T5.

- STATE 2 - (1836) - THIS STATE IS THE SAME AS THE FIRST STATE EXCEPT THAT "1836" IS SUBSTITUTED IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN IMPRINT. THE MAP WAS IN THE 1836 EDITION OF THE SAME ATLAS. SEE MAP # 336T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1841) - THIS IS PROBABLY A REISSUE OF STATE 2 IN A GEOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL AND STATISTICAL VIEW OF THE CENTRAL OR MIDDLE UNITED STATES, PHILADELPHIA: H.S. TANNER, 1841, ON PAGE 295. WRITER HAS NOT SEEN THIS ISSUE AND THEREFORE CANNOT BE SURE OF ITS DISTINGUISHING FEATURES.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1841) - THIS STATE WAS IN THE SAME ATLAS AS THE OTHER 1841 STATE, PUBLISHED BY CAREY AND HART. WHETHER THE CAREY AND HART LEGEND REPLACES THAT OF H.S. TANNER IS UNKNOWN. THIS ISSUE HAS NOT BEEN SEEN BY THE WRITER.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1842-3) - THIS STATE WAS CONTAINED IN A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS..., PHILADELPHIA: CAREY AND HART AS MAP # 12. THE IMPRINT READS "ENTERED...CONGRESS". "PUBLISHED BY CAREY & HART" IS IN THE BOTTOM CENTER MARGIN AND THE ENGRAVER AND PAGE NUMBER ARE UNCHANGED. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1844) - THIS STATE IS LIKE THE 1842-3 STATE EXCEPT THAT THE PAGE # IS NOW "15". SEE MAP # 344T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1846) - PHILLIPS NOTES AN 1844 DATE IN THE INSET. IT WAS PUBLISHED IN TANNER'S A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS, PHILADELPHIA: S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL. A COPY OF THIS STATE HAS NOT BEEN SEEN BY THE WRITER. SEE MAP # 346M5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1846) - A DECORATIVE BORDER HAS BEEN ADDED. THIS MAP WAS REPRODUCED BY LITHOGRAPHY. THE MARGINAL WRITING WAS DROPPED EXCEPT FOR THE PAGE NUMBER "15". "ENTERED...1846 BY H. N. BURROUGHS..." IS PRINTED ON THE INSIDE BORDER STARTING EAST OF 1oW LONGITUDE. "PUBLISHED BY S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL,/N.E. CORNER OF MARKET & 7TH STREETS PHILADA., 1846" IS SUBSTITUTED AFTER THE TITLE. SEE MAP # 346M6.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1847) - THE BORDER IS CHANGED TO A SPIRAL SCROLL. "ENTERED..." IS REENGRAVED TO START TO THE WEST OF 1oW LONGITUDE. THE DATE FOLLOWING THE TITLE IS CHANGED TO 1847. THE BALTIMORE INSET REMAINS. SEE MAP # 347M5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1850) - "ENTERED..." IS ELIMINATED. "PUBLISHED BY THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO./NO. 253 MARKET ST PHILADELPHIA" IS SUBSTITUTED BELOW THE TITLE. SEE MAP # 350T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1850) - THIS STATE HAS BEEN EXTENSIVELY RELVISED TO INCLUDE VIRGINIA DATA. A POPULATION TABLE NOW IS INSET. "PUBLISHED BY/THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO./ NO. 253 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA." AND A SCALE OF MILES IS BELOW THE TITLE. "ENTERED...1850 BY THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO...." HAS BEEN ADDED IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN. THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPIES OF A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS SHOW THAT THE 1852 EDITION WAS THE FIRST TO CONTAIN THE POPULATION TABLE, RATHER THAN THE MAP OF BALTIMORE. SEE MAP # 350T6.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1853) - THIS IS SIMILAR TO THE PRIOR STATE, WITH THE POPULATION TABLE, WITH A FEW MINOR EXCEPTIONS. "1853" HAS BEEN ADDED AFTER "PHILADELPHIA" BELOW THE TITLE. "GT. OAK MANOR 1658" AND "I.U.CH. 1672" IS ADDED. "ST. JAMES" NOW READS "ST. JAMES CH. 1710" IN KENT COUNTY. SEE MAP # 353T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1856) - AN ELABORATE BORDER HAS NO OUTSIDE NEAT LINE IN THIS STATE. THE IMPRINT NOW READS "ENTERED...1856 BY CHARLES DESILVER...". "PUBLISHED BY/CHARLES DESILVER/..." IS BELOW THE TITLE. SEE MAP # 356D5.

ED. 2 - STATE 1 - (1846) - THE TITLE IS CHANGED TO "NEUESTE KARTE VON MARYLAND UND DELAWARE MIT SEINEN CANAELEN, STRASSEN UND ENTFERNUNGEN DER HAUPTPUNKTE 1846." THE MAP IS 30 X 37 CM. "MEYER'S- HANDATLAS" IS IN THE LEFT TOP MARGIN AND "NO. 89" IS AT THE RIGHT TOP. SEE MAP # 346M4.

- STATE 2 - (1851) - THIS STATE IS DATED 1851 AFTER THE TITLE. "MEYER'S-GROSSER ZEITUNG-ATLAS" AND "94" ARE IN THE LEFT AND RIGHT TOP MARGIN RESPECTIVELY. "CARROLL" (C.) AND "GRESHAMS HALL" IN KENT COUNTY ARE ADDED. SEE MAP # 351M5.

DATA IS FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION AND FROM PHOTOCOPIES OF SOME OF THE ITEMS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS THE FOLLOWING COPIES: ED. 1, STATE 1, WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-3 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-223; STATE 2 WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DIG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-16; THE 1842-3 STATE, DESCRIBED HEREIN, WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DFG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-17; THE 1846 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DGG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-14; THE 1847 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DGG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-13; THE 1850 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DGG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399- 15; TWO COPIES OF THE 1850 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DUD AND RESPECTIVE MDHR #S OF MSA SC1399-22 AND MSA SC1399-185(REPRO); THE 1856 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-2N AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399- 19; ED. 2, STATE 1 WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DHF AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-31; AND ED. 2, STATE 2 WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DIG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-18.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : RISTOW, WALTER W., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS COMMERCIAL CARTOGRAPHY IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1985, 191-206; PAPENFUSE, EDWARD C. & JOSEPH M. COALE, III, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608-1908, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 70, FIG. 73 (ED. 1, STATE 2), FIG 82 (ED. 1, 1850 STATE); MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY VOL. 1, PART IV, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1897, 365 (ED. 1, STATE 1); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, I, # 774 (ED. 1, STATE 2), # 788 (1842-3 STATE), # 797 (1849 MITCHELL STATE), # 800 (1850 MITCHELL STATE), # 805 (1851 MITCHELL STATE), # 807 (1852 THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO. STATE), # 813 & 814 (1854 COWPERTHWAIT, DESILVER & BUTLER STATE), #823 (1857 C. DESILVER STATE), # 4336 (1856 C. DESILVER STATE), # 4340 (1858 C. DESILVER STATE).

March 1, 1993


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