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MAP #: 335T5

CARTOGRAPHER : TRAUTWINE, JOHN C.

DATE: 1835

SHORT TITLE : MAP AND PROFILE OF THE ROUTE OF THE WILMINGTON AND SUSQUEHANNA RAILROAD,

REMAINING TITLE & ID : LAID DOWN FROM SURVEYS MADE UNDER THE PERSONAL DIRECTION OF WILLIAM STRICKLAND CIVIL ENGr. BY JOHN C. TRAUTWINE. PRINCIPAL ASSIST. ENGr. (TITLE, SURROUNDED BY WAVY LINES IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT). "JOUR. FRANK. INSTITUTE." (TOP LEFT CORNER). SCALE OF 3 MILES (TOP CENTER). "VOL. 15. PLATE 4." (TOP RIGHT CORNER). "LEHMAN & DUVAL LITHrs. No. 67 DOCK STREET OPPOSITE THE EXCHANGE PHILADELPHIA." (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "ON STONE BY G.J. BECKER." (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). PROFILE OF THE HEIGHT OF THE AREA SHOWN IN THE MAP RELATIVE TO HIGH WATER AT WILMINGTON (ACROSS BOTTOM OF MAP). NORTH POINTING ARROW (LOWER LEFT). THERE IS NOTHING IN THE MARGINS. MAP IS ORIENTED WITH NORTHWEST AT THE TOP. THERE IS NOTHING ON THE REVERSE SIDE AND NO WATERMARK. LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE (NOT SHOWN).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1835
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 18.9 X 68.9 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 20.9 X 71.6 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 63,300
SCALE - OTHER DATA :
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-658(1) # 2 : MSA SC1399-658(2) (TEXT)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : A014-UIHQ* # 2 : A014-UIHQ* (TEXT)
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED MAP OF PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : RAILROAD MAP (8)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : NW IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : CURLED LINES (19)
BORDER : PLAIN (2)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 335T5(2) (TEXT).
BEST INFO SOURCE : THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE JOURNAL.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS ONE OF THE EARLIEST OF RAILROAD MAPS FOR MARYLAND, ASIDE FROM THOSE MADE FOR THE BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD. IT SHOWS THE PROPOSED ROUTE FOR A LINE BETWEEN WILMINGTON, DELAWARE AND NORTH EAST, MARYLAND. IT WAS PUBLISHED AS PLATE 4 IN VOLUME 15 OF THE JOURNAL OF THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE, DATED APRIL, 1835 AND ACCOMPANIED AN "ADDRESS UPON A PROPOSED RAIL-ROAD FROM WILMINGTON TO THE SUSQUEHANNA, TOGETHER WITH A REPORT OF THE SURVEY MADE BY WILLIAM STRICKLAND, ESQ., ARCHITECT AND ENGINEER. (WITH A MAP.)" THE MAP ITSELF IS A LITHOGRAPH DRAWN BY JOHN C. TRAUTWINE, ENGRAVED ON STONE BY G.J. BECKER AND PRINTED BY THE FIRM OF LEHMAN & DUVAL OF PHILADELPHIA. ACCORDING TO THE TRANSMITTAL LETTER ACCOMPANYING THE REPORT AND MAP BY STRICKLAND TO JOSHUA GILPIN, CHAIRMAN OF THE COMMITTEE OF SUPERINTENDENCE, APPOINTED BY A TOWN MEETING OF THE CITIZENS OF WILMINGTON, THE MAP EXHIBITS "...THE ROUTE AND GRADE OF THE ROAD, TOGETHER WITH THE PRINCIPAL STREAMS, COMMON ROADS, AND TOWNS, WHICH LIE IN AND ARE ADJACENT TO, THE TRACK." THE PRINCIPAL ROADS ARE SHOWN AS DOUBLE LINES, THE RAILROAD AS A SINGLE BLACK LINE AND THE BUILDINGS IN THE VILLAGES ALONG THE ROUTE ARE SHOWN SYMBOLICALLY. AN ACT OF INCORPORATION IN 1832 OF A COMPANY IN DELAWARE, AUTHORIZED IT, WITH "COMPETENT CAPITAL", TO BUILD A RAILROAD FROM WILMINGTON TO THE STATE LINE WITH MARYLAND IN THE DIRECTION OF THE SUSQUEHANNA. THAT SAME YEAR, THE MARYLAND LEGISLATURE PASSED AN ACT PROVIDING FOR A CONTINUATION OF THE RAILROAD THROUGH THE STATE. BOTH COMPANIES HAD AUTHORIZED CAPITAL OF $400,000 AND, AFTER THE CAPITAL WAS SUBSCRIBED, THEY WERE AUTHORIZED TO MERGE INTO ONE COMPANY. THE COMMITTEE HEADED BY GILPIN EMPLOYED WILLIAM STRICKLAND TO SURVEY THE ROUTE TO NORTH EAST, MARYLAND FROM WILMINGTON. NORTH EAST IS WITHIN FIVE MILES OF THE SUSQUEHANNA. THE ROUTE CHOSEN WAS RECOMMENDED FOR ITS SHORTNESS, ITS CAPACITY FOR CONSTANT USE IN ALL SEASONS OF THE YEAR (ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT WHEN NAVIGATION WAS OBSTRUCTED DURING THE WINTER SEASON), ITS CONNECTION WITH THE SUSQUEHANNA RIVER, AND THE CHARACTER OF THE COUNTRY THROUGH WHICH THE LINE PASSES (POPULOUS, MANY MILLS, WELL INDUSTRIALIZED AND STRATEGICALLY LOCATED). STRICKLAND'S REPORT DATED FEBRUARY 10, 1835 COMMENTS IN DETAIL ON THE AREA COVERED. HE POINTS OUT THE STRAIGHTNESS OF THE COURSE, ITS RELATIVE LEVELNESS AND ITS SOIL CHARACTERISTICS. HE ESTIMATES THE TOTAL EXPENSE FROM WILMINGTON TO NORTH EAST AT $507,623, PLUS 3% FOR CONTINGENCIES AND SUPERVISION. THIS INCLUDES BRIDGES AND EMBANKMENTS AT RED CLAY, WHITE CLAY AND THE BIG AND LITTLE ELK RIVERS, DRAINS, CULVERTS, WHARFING AND FENCING ALONG THE ROUTE AT A COST OF $169,485 AND $19,000 A MILE FOR THE LINE ITSELF. WILLIAM STRICKLAND WAS AN IMPORTANT ARCHITECT, RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SECOND BANK OF THE UNITED STATES IN PHILADELPHIA, AMONG OTHER CREDITS. DATA IS PRIMARILY FROM THE JOURNAL OF THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ONLY A SINGLE EDITION AND STATE ARE KNOWN TO THE WRITER.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD COPY OF THIS BLACK AND WHITE MAP AND THE PORTION OF THE JOURNAL OF THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE FROM WHICH IT WAS TAKEN. THE MAP IS CLOSE CROPPED ON THE RIGHT, WITH TINY TEARS EXTENDING INTO THE BORDER LINES. THERE ARE SEVERAL SMALL BROWN SPOTS IN THE TOP MARGIN. OTHERWISE THE COPY IS GOOD. IT HAS AN ACQUISITION # OF A014-UIH AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-658(1). THE TEXT WHICH IT ACCOMPANIED HAS A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-658(2).

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : "ADDRESS UPON A PROPOSED RAIL-ROAD FROM WILMINGTON TO THE SUSQUEHANNA, TOGETHER WITH A REPORT OF THE SURVEY MADE BY WILLIAM STRICKLAND, ESQ., ARCHITECT AND ENGINEER, (WITH A MAP.)", IN THE JOURNAL OF THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE, VOL. XV, No. 4, PHILADELPHIA: APRIL, 1835, 225-234.

February 28, 1993


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