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MAP #: 333T5

CARTOGRAPHER : TANNER, HENRY SCHENCK

DATE: 1833

SHORT TITLE : A NEW MAP OF MARYLAND AND DELAWARE

REMAINING TITLE & ID : WITH THEIR CANALS, ROADS & DISTANCES. BY H.S. TANNER (ABOVE INSET OF BALTIMORE ON THE LEFT SIDE). SCALE OF MILES (BELOW AND TO LEFT OF THE TITLE). "TANNER'S UNIVERSAL ATLAS." (CENTER TOP MARGIN). "12" (BOTTOM RIGHT MARGIN, WHICH WOULD BE THE RIGHT TOP MARGIN THE WAY THE PAGE FITS INTO THE ATLAS). "ENTERED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS IN THE YEAR 1833 BY H.S. TANNER, IN THE CLERKS OFFICE OF THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA" (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). "PUBLISHED BY H.S. TANNER PHILADELPHIA." (CENTER BOTTOM MARGIN). "E. GILLINGHAM Sc." (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). TABLE OF STEAMBOAT ROUTE MILEAGE FROM BALTIMORE TO NORFOLK, BALTIMORE TO PHILADELPHIA AND BALTIMORE TO WASHINGTON AND INTERMEDIATE POINTS (TABLE ORIENTED FROM EAST TO WEST AT THE TOP LEFT HALF OF THE MAP). A BOX WITH AN EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS (CENTER BOTTOM). LARGE INSET MAP OF BALTIMORE (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER, WITH A TABLE OF REFERENCES TO POINTS ON THE INSET). THE MAP EXTENDS THROUGH THE LATITUDE BORDER ON THE RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES. LONGITUDE EAST AND WEST FROM WASHINGTON, D.C. (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS). THE INSET HAS NO LONGITUDE OR LATITUDE MARKS.


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1833
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : H.S. TANNER
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 26.9 X 34.4 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,170,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 1 5/8" = 30 MILES
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : G3840 1833 .T3
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-223
# 2 : MSA SC1399-16 (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-17 (ED. 1 - 1842-3 STATE)
# 4 : MSA SC1399-14 (ED. 1 - 1846 STATE)
# 5 : MSA SC1399-13 (ED. 1 - 1847 STATE)
# 6 : MSA SC1399-15 (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 7 : MSA SC1399-22 (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 8 : MSA SC1399-185(REPRO) (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 9 : MSA SC1399-19 (ED. 1 - 1856 STATE)
# 10 : MSA SC1399-31 (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 11 : MSA SC1399-18 (ED. 2 - STATE 2)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-3
# 2 : G018-DIG (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 3 : G018-DFG (ED. 1 - 1842-3 STATE)
# 4 : G018-DGG (ED. 1 - 1846 STATE)
# 5 : G018-DGG (ED. 1 - 1847 STATE)
# 6 : G018-DGG (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 7 : BB023-DUD (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 8 : - (ED. 1 - 1850 STATE)
# 9 : BB023-2N (ED. 1 - 1856 STATE)
# 10 : BB023-DHF (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 11 : G018-DIG (ED. 2 - STATE 2)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : CANAL MAP (21)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : WASHINGTON, D.C. (5)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 336T5, 342T5, 344T5, 346M4, 346M5, 346M6, 347M5, 350T5, 350T6, 351M5, 353T5, 356D5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : RISTOW'S AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS IS THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THE PERIOD FROM 1820 TO 1840 WAS ONE OF RAPID IMPROVEMENT OF COMMUNICATIONS AND TRANSPORTATION IN THE UNITED STATES. THE ROAD SYSTEM WAS BEING EXPANDED RAPIDLY, CANALS WERE BEING BUILT AND RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION WAS BEGUN. THERE WAS A LARGE AND GROWING DEMAND FOR ACCURATE MAPS TO SHOW THESE CHANGES AND HENRY S. TANNER WAS ONE OF THE BEST CARTOGRAPHERS, ENGRAVERS AND PUBLISHERS OF THAT TIME AND DEVELOPED A THRIVING BUSINESS IN MAPS AND ATLASES TO MEET THAT DEMAND.

THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN WAS ONE OF THE EARLIEST STATE MAPS DONE BY TANNER OF A PLANNED FOURTEEN FOLIOS. THIS MAP WAS ISSUED ORIGINALLY AS A SEPARATE, LIKE SOME OF THE OTHERS PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR, THAT IN 1836 WERE INCLUDED IN HIS A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS CONTAINING MAPS OF THE VARIOUS EMPIRES, KINGDOMS, STATES AND REPUBLICS OF THE WORLD, WITH A SPECIAL MAP OF EACH OF THE UNITED STATES, PLANS OF CITIES &C..., 117 MAPS, PHILADELPHIA: H.S. TANNER, 1836.

RISTOW NOTES THAT EIGHT ENGRAVERS PREPARED THE PLATES FOR THE ATLAS, PROBABLY ON A CONTRACT BASIS. E. GILLINGHAM, THE ENGRAVER OF THIS MAP, WAS ONE OF THESE. THE MAPS WERE HAND COLORED TO SHOW ADMINISTRATIVE SUBDIVISIONS, ALSO PROBABLY ON A CONTRACT BASIS AND STENCILS WERE PROBABLY USED TO INCREASE SPEED AND NEATNESS.

A REVISED EDITION OF THE NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS WAS PUBLISHED WITH TANNER'S IMPRINT IN 1839. IT IS NOT BELIEVED THAT ANY CHANGE IN THE MAP DESCRIBED WAS MADE FROM THAT OF THE 1836 PUBLICATION (ALTHOUGH THIS NEEDS TO BE CONFIRMED). THE 1843 EDITION OF THE ATLAS CARRIED THE IMPRINT OF CAREY AND HART AND HAD A 1842 IMPRINT DATE. CAREY AND HART WAS THE SUCCESSOR COMPANY TO MATHEW CAREY'S FIRM, FOUNDED IN 1784.

IN 1846 TWO EDITIONS OF THE ATLAS WERE RELEASED BY S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL. THE MOST SIGNIFICANT CHANGE IN 1846 WAS THAT THE MAP REPRODUCTION WAS DONE BY LITHOGRAPHY, WHICH WAS ONLY THEN GAINING WIDESPREAD USE IN MAP REPRODUCTION. MITCHELL ADDED DECORATIVE BORDERS. LATER EDITIONS OF THE NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS WERE RELEASED BY OTHER PUBLISHERS THROUGH 1859, INCLUDING THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO. IN 1850 AND 1853, CHARLES DESILVER IN 1856 AND H.J. MEYER, WHO COPIED AND EXPANDED THE MAP IN A SEPARATE EDITION IN 1846 AND 1851.

HENRY SCHENCK TANNER BEGAN HIS CAREER WITH HIS BROTHER BENJAMIN IN 1811 AS PARTNERS IN A GENERAL ENGRAVING FIRM. HENRY TANNER BECAME ASSOCIATED AS AN ENGRAVER WITH JOHN MELISH, PROBABLY THE FOREMOST MAP PUBLISHER IN THE U.S. AT THE TIME AND THIS CAUSED TANNER TO CONCENTRATE ALMOST EXCLUSIVELY ON MAP ENGRAVING. AROUND 1816, THE TANNER BROTHERS FORMED A PARTNERSHIP WITH VALLANCE AND FRANCIS KEARNY AND THE PARTNERS CONTINUED ENGRAVING FOR MELISH. THE FIRST INDEPENDENT CARTOGRAPHIC EFFORT BY TANNER'S FIRM WAS THE NEW AMERICAN ATLAS, IN 1819. MELISH DIED IN 1822 AND TANNER TOOK OVER AS THE BEST AMERICAN MAP PUBLISHER.

TANNER'S NEW AMERICAN ATLAS WAS UPDATED THROUGH 1839, BUT ITS HIGH PRICE LIMITED SALES. TO OVERCOME THIS PROBLEM, HE PROPOSED PUBLISHING A SMALLER ATLAS ENTITLED A NEW AND ELEGANT UNIVERSAL ATLAS BY SUBSCRIPTION, WHICH WOULD SELL AT HALF THE PRICE OF HIS EARLIER WORK. THE FIRST FOLIO, WHICH INCLUDED THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN, WAS DONE IN 1833 AND IN 1836, HE FINALLY RELEASED THE COMPLETED NEW ATLAS WITH 117 MAPS.

TANNER LEFT PHILADELPHIA FOR NEW YORK IN 1843. RISTOW THEORIZES THAT HE WAS RELUCTANT, AT AGE 57, TO SHIFT HIS REPRODUCTION FACILITIES TO LITHOGRAPHY FROM ENGRAVING AND COMPLETELY REORGANIZE HIS COMPANY. BY 1845, WITH THE INTRODUCTION OF THE TRANSFER PROCESS IN WHICH ZINC PRINTING PLATES REPLACED HEAVY STONES, LITHOGRAPHY BEGAN TAKING OVER MUCH OF THE PRIVATE MAP REPRODUCTION. TANNER DIED IN BROOKLYN IN 1858.

DATA IS PRIMARILY FROM RISTOW'S AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS, FROM PHILLIPS ATLASES AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION AND THOSE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THIS MAP IS KNOWN IN AT LEAST TWO EDITIONS, EACH WITH SEVERAL STATES. THERE ARE SO MANY ISSUANCES AND STATES OF THE MAP THAT IT IS CERTAIN THAT WE HAVE NOT LISTED ALL OF THEM.

ED. 1 - STATE 1 - (1833) - THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN. IT WAS IN THE FIRST FOLIO RELEASED IN 1833 OF A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS, PHILADELPHIA: H.S. TANNER, AS MAP # 12. IT WAS ALSO SOLD AS A SEPARATE.

- STATE 2 - (1836) - THIS STATE IS THE SAME AS THE FIRST STATE EXCEPT THAT "1836" IS SUBSTITUTED IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN IMPRINT. THE MAP WAS IN THE 1836 EDITION OF THE SAME ATLAS. SEE MAP # 336T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1841) - THIS IS PROBABLY A REISSUE OF STATE 2 IN A GEOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL AND STATISTICAL VIEW OF THE CENTRAL OR MIDDLE UNITED STATES, PHILADELPHIA: 1841, H. S. TANNER, PAGE 295. WRITER HAS NOT SEEN THIS ISSUE AND THEREFORE CANNOT BE SURE OF ITS DISTINGUISHING FEATURES.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1841) - THIS STATE WAS IN THE SAME ATLAS AS THE OTHER 1841 STATE, PUBLISHED BY CAREY AND HART. WHETHER THE CAREY AND HART LEGEND REPLACES THAT OF H.S. TANNER IS UNKNOWN. THIS ISSUE HAS NOT BEEN SEEN BY THE WRITER.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1842-3) - THIS STATE WAS CONTAINED IN A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS..., PHILADELPHIA: CAREY AND HART AS MAP # 12. THE IMPRINT READS "ENTERED...CONGRESS". "PUBLISHED BY CAREY & HART" IS IN THE BOTTOM CENTER MARGIN AND THE ENGRAVER AND PAGE NUMBER ARE UNCHANGED. SEE MAP # 342T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1844) - THIS STATE IS LIKE THE 1842-3 STATE EXCEPT THAT THE PAGE # IS NOW "15". IT WAS CONTAINED IN THE 1844 CAREY & HART EDITION OF A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS. SEE MAP # 344T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1846) - PHILLIPS NOTES AN 1844 DATE IN THE INSET. IT WAS PUBLISHED IN TANNER'S A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS, PHILADELPHIA: S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL. A COPY OF THIS STATE HAS NOT BEEN SEEN BY THE WRITER. SEE MAP # 346M5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1846) - A DECORATIVE BORDER HAS BEEN ADDED. THIS MAP WAS REPRODUCED BY LITHOGRAPHY. THE MARGINAL WRITING WAS DROPPED EXCEPT FOR THE PAGE NUMBER "15". "ENTERED...1846 BY H. N. BURROUGHS..." IS PRINTED ON THE INSIDE BORDER STARTING EAST OF 1oW LONGITUDE. "PUBLISHED BY S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL,/N.E. CORNER OF MARKET & 7TH STREETS PHILADA., 1846" IS SUBSTITUTED AFTER THE TITLE. SEE MAP # 346M6.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1847) - THE BORDER IS CHANGED TO A SPIRAL SCROLL. "ENTERED..." IS REENGRAVED TO START TO THE WEST OF 1oW LONGITUDE. THE DATE FOLLOWING THE TITLE IS CHANGED TO 1847. THE BALTIMORE INSET REMAINS. SEE MAP # 347M5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1850) - "ENTERED..." IS ELIMINATED. "PUBLISHED BY THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO./NO. 253 MARKET ST PHILADELPHIA" IS SUBSTITUTED BELOW THE TITLE. SEE MAP # 350T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1850) - THIS STATE HAS BEEN EXTENSIVELY RELVISED TO INCLUDE VIRGINIA DATA. A POPULATION TABLE NOW IS INSET. "PUBLISHED BY/THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO./ NO. 253 MARKET STREET PHILADELPHIA." AND A SCALE OF MILES IS BELOW THE TITLE. "ENTERED...1850 BY THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO...." HAS BEEN ADDED IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN. THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPIES OF A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS SHOW THAT THE 1852 EDITION WAS THE FIRST TO CONTAIN THE POPULATION TABLE INSTEAD OF THE MAP OF BALTIMORE. SEE MAP # 350T6.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1853) - THIS STATE IS SIMILAR TO THE PRIOR STATE, WITH THE POPULATION TABLE, WITH A FEW MINOR EXCEPTIONS. "1853" HAS BEEN ADDED AFTER "PHILADELPHIA" BELOW THE TITLE. "GT. OAK MANOR 1658" AND "I.U.CH. 1672" IS ADDED. "ST. JAMES" NOW READS "ST. JAMES CH. 1710" IN KENT COUNTY. SEE MAP # 353T5.

- ANOTHER STATE - (1856) - AN ELABORATE BORDER HAS NO OUTSIDE NEAT LINE IN THIS STATE. THE IMPRINT NOW READS "ENTERED...1856 BY CHARLES DESILVER...". "PUBLISHED BY/CHARLES DESILVER/..." IS BELOW THE TITLE. SEE MAP # 356D5.

ED. 2 - STATE 1 - (1846) - THE TITLE IS CHANGED TO "NEUESTE KARTE VON MARYLAND UND DELAWARE MIT SEINEN CANAELEN, STRASSEN UND ENTFERNUNGEN DER HAUPTPUNKTE 1846." THE MAP IS 30 X 37 CM. "MEYER'S- HANDATLAS" IS IN THE LEFT TOP MARGIN AND "NO. 89" IS AT THE RIGHT TOP. SEE MAP # 346M4.

- STATE 2 - (1851) - THIS STATE IS DATED 1851 AFTER THE TITLE. "MEYER'S-GROSSER ZEITUNG-ATLAS" AND "94" ARE IN THE LEFT AND RIGHT TOP MARGIN RESPECTIVELY. "CARROLL" (C.) AND "GRESHAMS HALL" IN KENT COUNTY ARE ADDED. SEE MAP # 351M5.

DATA IS FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION AND FROM PHOTOCOPIES OF SOME OF THE ITEMS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS THE FOLLOWING COPIES: ED. 1, STATE 1, WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-3 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-223; STATE 2 WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DIG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-16; THE 1842-3 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018- DFG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-17; THE 1846 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DGG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-14; THE 1847 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DGG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-13; THE 1850 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DGG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-15; TWO COPIES OF THE 1850 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DUD AND RESPECTIVE MDHR #S OF MSA SC1399-22 AND MSA SC1399-185(REPRO); THE 1856 STATE WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-2N AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-19; ED. 2, STATE 1, DESCRIBED HEREIN, WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DHF AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-31; AND ED. 2, STATE 2 WITH AN ACQ. # OF G018-DIG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-18.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : RISTOW, WALTER W., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS COMMERCIAL CARTOGRAPHY IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1985, 191-206; PAPENFUSE, EDWARD C. & JOSEPH M. COALE, III, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608-1908, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 70, FIG. 73 (ED. 1, STATE 2), FIG 82 (ED. 1, 1850 STATE); MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY VOL. 1, PART IV, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1897, 365 (ED. 1, STATE 1); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, I, # 774 (ED. 1, STATE 2), # 788 (1842-3 STATE), # 797 (1849 MITCHELL STATE), # 800 (1850 MITCHELL STATE), # 805 (1851 MITCHELL STATE), # 807 (1852 THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT & CO. STATE), # 813 & 814 (1854 COWPERTHWAIT, DESILVER & BUTLER STATE), #823 (1857 C. DESILVER STATE), # 4336 (1856 C. DESILVER STATE), # 4340 (1858 C. DESILVER STATE).

February 28, 1993


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