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MAP #: 332V5

CARTOGRAPHER : VANCE, D.H.

DATE: 1832

SHORT TITLE : MAP OF VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND

REMAINING TITLE & ID : CONSTRUCTED FROM THE LATEST AUTHORITIES. PUBLISHED BY S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL PHILADELPHIA 1832 (TOP CENTER OF MAP, WITH CIRCULAR LINES CONSTITUTING THE BORDER OF A CARTOUCHE OF SORTS). POPULATION TABLES BY COUNTY OF WHITES, FREE BLACKS AND SLAVES FOR VIRGINIA, MARYLAND AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA (TOP LEFT CORNER). SCALE IN MILES (BELOW POPULATION TABLE). "J.H. YOUNG SC." (INSIDE BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF MAP). INSET "PLAN OF WASHINGTON CITY & GEORGETOWN" (9.8 X 14.7 CM., TOP RIGHT CORNER). LONGITUDE FROM WASHINGTON (TOP BORDER). LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH (BOTTOM BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1832 (1824)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 43.0 X 57.0 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,480,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA :
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-347 (REPRO)
# 2 : MSA SC1399-619 (1827 ST.)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-598 (1827 ST.)
# 4 : MSA SC1399-170 (1831 ST.)
HFC ACQ. PRIORITY : 65
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : -
# 2 : SW015-TFI (1827 ST.)
# 3 : SW015-TFI (1827 ST.)
# 4 : BB023-DNF (1831 ST.)
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL MAP OF SIGNIFICANCE TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : CURLED LINES (19)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : WASHINGTON AND GREENWICH (8)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 324V5, 325V5, 327V5, 331V5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : RISTOW AND SABIN.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP SHOWS THE STATES OF VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND DIVIDED INTO COUNTIES, EACH SEPARATELY COLORED. IT INDICATES COUNTY SEATS AND GIVES THE MAIN ROADS, RAILROADS AND PROPOSED RAILROADS AND EXISTING CANALS, INCLUDING THE CHESAPEAKE-DELAWARE CANAL.

THE MAP IS A REPUBLICATION OF ONE ORIGINALLY DRAWN BY D.H. VANCE, ENGRAVED BY J.H. YOUNG AND PUBLISHED BY ANTHONY FINLEY IN 1824. THE ORIGINAL MAP IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN ISSUED INITIALLY AS A SEPARATE. IT WAS REPRINTED WITH THE DATE 1825 IN THE TITLE. THE FIRST USE OF THE MAP IN AN ATLAS WAS IN ANTHONY FINLEY'S A NEW AMERICAN ATLAS, PHILADELPHIA: 1826, AS MAP #7. THE 1824 STATE WAS USED. MITCHELL USED THE SAME PLATES IN HIS RERELEASE, WHICH ORIGINALLY OCCURRED IN 1831 IN AN ATLAS BEARING THE SAME NAME. SOME TOWNS AND ROADS WERE ADDED BY MITCHELL AND THE FINLEY IMPRINT WAS REPLACED BY "PUBLISHED BY S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL, PHILADELPHIA, 1831." IN THE 1832 STATE, THE DATE IS AGAIN CHANGED. VANCE'S NAME IS DELETED FROM THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN AND THE YOUNG LEGEND IS MOVED TO INSIDE THE NEAT LINE AND CHANGED TO "J.H. YOUNG, SC.". A DECORATIVE BORDER IS ADDED. RISTOW NOTES THAT MITCHELL'S REPRINT OF FINLEY'S A NEW AMERICAN ATLAS WAS MITCHELL'S FIRST CARTOGRAPHIC PUBLICATION.

SAMUEL AUGUSTUS MITCHELL WAS BORN IN BRISTOL, CONNECTICUT ON MARCH 20, 1792. HIS FAMILY HAD IMMIGRATED FROM SCOTLAND IN 1773. HE ORIGINALLY TAUGHT, BUT ACCORDING TO RISTOW FOUND THE AVAILABLE GEOGRAPHY TEXTBOOKS INADEQUATE AND SET ABOUT ON THE TASK OF IMPROVING THEM. MITCHELL MOVED TO PHILADELPHIA IN 1829 OR 1830.

DATA IS FROM RISTOW, AND OBSERVATION OF THE PHOTOCOPY OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THIS HAS NOT BEEN THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED. HOWEVER, THE MAP DATED 1824, THE PLATES OF WHICH WERE USED FOR THE MAP DESCRIBED, MAY ORIGINALLY HAVE BEEN ISSUED AS A SEPARATE. IT FIRST APPEARED IN AN ATLAS IN ANTHONY FINLEY'S A NEW AMERICAN ATLAS IN 1826 AS MAP # 7. THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS AN 1827 DATED STATE, WHICH MAY HAVE APPEARED IN A SUBSEQUENT ISSUE OF THE ATLAS, ALTHOUGH RISTOW STATES THAT IT APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN A ONE-TIME EFFORT. THE SAME PLATES WERE USED BY S.A. MITCHELL FOR AN ATLAS PUBLISHED UNDER THE SAME NAME IN 1831, WITH SOME PLATE CHANGES.

1ST STATE - (1824) - HAS THE DATE 1824 IN THE TITLE. "7" APPEARS IN THE RIGHT TOP MARGIN, INDICATING THE MAP # IN THE FINLEY ATLAS A NEW AMERICAN ATLAS. "DRAWN BY D.H. VANCE." IS IN THE LEFT BOITTOM MARGIN. "PUBLISHED BY A. FINLEY PHILADELa." IS IN THE CENTER BOTTOM MARGIN" AND "ENGRAV'D BY J.H. YOUNG" IS IN THE RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN. POPULATION TABLES FOR VIRGINIA, MARYLAND AND D.C. ARE IN THE TOP LEFT. THE INSET "PLAN OF WASHINGTON CITY & GEORGETOWN." IS IN THE UPPER RIGHT CORNER. SEE MAP # 324V5.

ANOTHER STATE - (1825) - SIMILAR TO THE 1824 STATE EXCEPT THAT THE DATE IN THE TITLE IS 1825. THE IMPRINT DATE REMAINS 1824. SEE MAP # 325V5.

ANOTHER STATE - (1827) - SIMILAR TO THE 1825 STATE EXCEPT THAT THE DATE IN THE TITLE BLACK HAS BEEN CHANGED TO 1827 AND THE IMPRINT DATE HAS BEEN DELETED. SEE MAP # 327V5.

ANOTHER STATE - (1831) - THE FINLEY IMPRINT IS DELETED AND IN ITS PLACE IS ADDED "PUBLISHED BY S. AUGUSTUS MITCHELL, PHILADELPHIA, 1831." VANCE'S NAME IS DELETED., THE J.H. YOUNG LEGEND IS MOVED TO INSIDE THE NEAT LINE AND CHANGED TO "J.H. YOUNG, SC." A NEW DECORATIVE BORDER IS ADDED. SOME TOWNS AND ROADS WERE ADDED BY MITCHELL. SEE MAP # 331V5.

ANOTHER STATE - (1832) - THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS TWO GOOD COLORED COPIES OF THE 1827 STATE, WITH SOME BROWNING AND PRINT THROUGH, WITH ACQUISITION NUMBERS OF SW015-TFI AND MDHR #s OF MSA SC1399-598 AND MSA SC1399-619, RESPECTIVELY. THE COLLECTION HAS A GOOD COPY OF THE REENGRAVED EDITION PUBLISHED BY J.H. HINTON IN 1831 WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DNF AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-170. IT ALSO HAS A FULL SIZE BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY OF THE 1832 STATE, WITH A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399- 347.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, VOL. I, PART I, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, JULY 1897, 363 (1824 STATE); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, AN UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 986 (1824 STATE); RISTOW, WALTER W., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS, DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1985, 268-270, 303-4; SABIN, JOSEPH, A DICTIONARY OF BOOKS RELATING TO AMERICA, VOL. VIII, J. SABIN & SONS, NEW YORK, 1868-1936, # 31965 AND 31966.

February 28, 1993


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